American Journal of Food Science and Technology
ISSN (Print): 2333-4827 ISSN (Online): 2333-4835 Website: http://www.sciepub.com/journal/ajfst Editor-in-chief: Hyo Choi
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American Journal of Food Science and Technology. 2017, 5(4), 117-124
DOI: 10.12691/ajfst-5-4-1
Open AccessArticle

Evaluation of a Small Scale UV-treated Recirculating Depuration System for Oysters (Crassostrea iredalei)

Jerson C. Sorio1, and Jose P. Peralta2,

1College of Fisheries and Marine Sciences, Samar State University Mercedes Campus, Catbalogan, Samar, Philippines

2Institute of Fish Processing Technology, University of the Philippines Visayas, Miagao, Iloilo, Philippines

Pub. Date: July 01, 2017

Cite this paper:
Jerson C. Sorio and Jose P. Peralta. Evaluation of a Small Scale UV-treated Recirculating Depuration System for Oysters (Crassostrea iredalei). American Journal of Food Science and Technology. 2017; 5(4):117-124. doi: 10.12691/ajfst-5-4-1

Abstract

Oysters are filter-feeding organisms that tend to concentrate any suspended materials in its surrounding water including pathogenic bacteria. Since most oysters are eaten as raw or slightly cooked, they can act as vectors for pathogenic microorganisms and thus impose health risks to consumers. Depuration is one of the methods to reduce pathogenic bacteria in oysters to make it safe for sale and consumption. This study was designed to evaluate the effectiveness of the small scale UV- treated recirculating depuration system manipulating different parameters such as water flow rate and tank density. It aims to determine the effect of this UV-treated recirculating depuration system in reducing pathogenic bacteria in oysters such as E. coli, Salmonella, Vibrio cholera and Vibrio parahaemolyticus, and with the survival rate and meat yield of oysters. The experimental results showed that the depuration system was effective in reducing E. coli at different water flow rate (15L/min, 10L/min and 5L/min), in all density level (2 oysters/L, 4 oysters/L and 6 oysters/L). However, for Vibrio parahaemolyticus and Vibrio cholera reduction, only water flow rate of 15L/min at density level of 2 oysters/L and 4 oysters/L revealed to be effective. The survival of the oysters was high in treatments with a density of 2 oysters/ L. The meat yield revealed to have no significant difference (P<0.01) between treatments with water flow rates. In general, treatment with water flow rate of 15 L/min in combination with 2 oysters/L density showed most promise results on all analysis.

Keywords:
oyster recirculating depuration system E.coli Vibrio flow rate density

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