American Journal of Food Science and Technology
ISSN (Print): 2333-4827 ISSN (Online): 2333-4835 Website: http://www.sciepub.com/journal/ajfst Editor-in-chief: Hyo Choi
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American Journal of Food Science and Technology. 2016, 4(6), 160-167
DOI: 10.12691/ajfst-4-6-1
Open AccessArticle

Thermal Properties and Energy Utilization of Cassava Meal in Conductive Rotary Drying

Lateef A. Sanni1, , Oluseyi O. Oke1, Faborode M. Oladimeji1 and Kolawole F. Ogbozomivaze2

1Department of Agricultural and Environmental Engineering, Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-Ife, Nigeria

2Prototype Engineering Development Institute, Ilesa, Nigeria

Pub. Date: September 09, 2016

Cite this paper:
Lateef A. Sanni, Oluseyi O. Oke, Faborode M. Oladimeji and Kolawole F. Ogbozomivaze. Thermal Properties and Energy Utilization of Cassava Meal in Conductive Rotary Drying. American Journal of Food Science and Technology. 2016; 4(6):160-167. doi: 10.12691/ajfst-4-6-1

Abstract

In this study the thermal properties and drying behaviour of cassava meal in a conductive rotary dryer was investigated. Cassava flour and gelatinized gari were produced at drying temperatures of 70°C and 90°C, respectively. The activation energy of cassava meal was 49.52 kJ/mol, and the effective moisture diffusivity, thermal conductivity and heat capacity increased with temperature from 1.74x10-10 to 4.51x10-10 m2/s, 0.329 to 0.344 W/m°C and 1.804 to 1.901 kJ/kg°C, respectively. With increase in bulk density of cassava meal from 379.50±2.55 to 464.79±30.38 kg/m3, thermal diffusivity and specific energy consumption decreased from 4.81x10-7 to 3.89x10-7 m2/s and 618.88 to 456 kJ/kg, respectively. The thermal efficiency of the dryer was greater than 31% for both cassava flour and gari. Compared with previous works, performance of the conductive rotary dryer was satisfactory and upgrade of its design will make it suitable for application in the cassava processing industry.

Keywords:
thermal properties energy consumption cassava meal conductive rotary dryer

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