American Journal of Food Science and Technology
ISSN (Print): 2333-4827 ISSN (Online): 2333-4835 Website: Editor-in-chief: Hyo Choi
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American Journal of Food Science and Technology. 2016, 4(5), 141-148
DOI: 10.12691/ajfst-4-5-4
Open AccessArticle

Effect of Hybrid Solar Drying Method on the Functional and Sensory Properties of Tomato

J. B. Hussein1, M. A. Usman1 and K. B. Filli1, 2,

1Department of Food Science and Technology, Modibbo Adama University of Technology Yola, P. M. B. 2076 Yola, Nigeria

2SP Food and Bioscience Box 5401, 402 29 Gothenburg, Sweden

Pub. Date: August 19, 2016

Cite this paper:
J. B. Hussein, M. A. Usman and K. B. Filli. Effect of Hybrid Solar Drying Method on the Functional and Sensory Properties of Tomato. American Journal of Food Science and Technology. 2016; 4(5):141-148. doi: 10.12691/ajfst-4-5-4


A hybrid solar dryer, direct solar energy dryer and open sun drying under the climatic conditions of Yola, Nigeria was used to dry tomato slices. The effect of these drying methods on the functional and sensory quality of the dried tomatoes was examined. The functional properties of the dried tomatoes slices were significantly different (p<0.05). In open sun dried tomatoes, the bulk density ranged from 0.56 – 0.62 g/ml, water absorption index (WAI) 436.33 – 475.67 gH2O/sample, water solubility index (WSI) 6.00 – 14.00, specific volume 1.61 – 1.78 ml/g and wettability 10.33 – 13.33 s for 4 – 8 mm thick tomato samples. For solar dried tomatoes, the bulk density ranged from 0.52 – 0.57 g/ml, the WAI ranged from 412.00 – 454.00 gH2O/sample, the water solubility index (WSI) range was 12.33 – 16.67, specific volume range was 1.73 – 1.90 ml/g and wettability ranged from 5.85 – 10.63 s for 4 – 8 mm thick tomato samples. For the hybrid dried tomatoes, the bulk density ranged from 0.50 – 0.54 g/ml, the WAI values ranged from 386.00 – 436.00 gH2O/sample, the WSI 14.67 – 18.00, specific volume range was 1.84 – 1.99 ml/g and wettability 5.80 – 8.44 s for 4 – 8 mm thick tomato sample. The organoleptic properties showed that the tomatoes dried by hybrid drying method was superior in terms of acceptability test than those dried using direct solar energy and a photovoltaic (PV) solar panel tomato products. Conclusively, good quality shelf stable dried tomato slices could be produced using hybrid drying method.

tomato bulk density water absorption index organoleptic properties

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