American Journal of Food Science and Technology
ISSN (Print): 2333-4827 ISSN (Online): 2333-4835 Website: http://www.sciepub.com/journal/ajfst Editor-in-chief: Hyo Choi
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American Journal of Food Science and Technology. 2016, 4(4), 102-108
DOI: 10.12691/ajfst-4-4-3
Open AccessArticle

Proximate, Anti-Nutritional and Phytochemical Composition of the Yellow Variety of the Synsepalum Dulcificum (Miracle Fruit) Berry

Njoku N. E.1, , Ubbaonu C. N.1, Alagbaoso S.O.1, Agunwa I.M1 and Eluchie C.N.1

1Department of Food Science and Technology, Federal University of Technology, Owerri, ImoState, Nigeria

Pub. Date: May 30, 2016

Cite this paper:
Njoku N. E., Ubbaonu C. N., Alagbaoso S.O., Agunwa I.M and Eluchie C.N.. Proximate, Anti-Nutritional and Phytochemical Composition of the Yellow Variety of the Synsepalum Dulcificum (Miracle Fruit) Berry. American Journal of Food Science and Technology. 2016; 4(4):102-108. doi: 10.12691/ajfst-4-4-3

Abstract

The pulp of freshly harvested mature Synsepalumdulcificum (miracle fruit) berries were analyzed for proximate, pH, titratable acidity, anti-nutritional and phytochemical content. The results indicated a moisture content of 45.12%, protein content of 2.48% and a carbohydrate content of 48.84%.The anti-nutrients content include Tannin 2.90 ± 0.64mg/100g, phytate 5.21 ± 0.92 mg/100g, glycosidic cyanide 0.03 ± 0.00mg/100g, steroid 1.56±0.03 mg/100g and oxalate 11.04 ± 0.29%. The anti-nutritional levels were all within the recommended safety limits. Some phytochemicals like flavonoids, resins and steroids were also identified. It is hoped that the knowledge of miracle fruit’s nutritional content/importance will enhance its utilization in our diet.

Keywords:
berry pulp phytochemicals proximate anti-nutrients Synsepalumdulcificum

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