American Journal of Food Science and Technology
ISSN (Print): 2333-4827 ISSN (Online): 2333-4835 Website: http://www.sciepub.com/journal/ajfst Editor-in-chief: Hyo Choi
Open Access
Journal Browser
Go
American Journal of Food Science and Technology. 2015, 3(6), 150-157
DOI: 10.12691/ajfst-3-6-2
Open AccessArticle

Effect of Wheat Bran Supplement with Sugarcane Bagasse on Growth, Yield and Proximate Composition of Pink Oyster Mushroom (Pleurotus djamor)

M. T. Hasan1, M. H. A. Khatun2, , M. A. M. Sajib3, M. M. Rahman4, M. S. Rahman1, M. Roy4, M. N. Miah1 and K. U. Ahmed1

1Department of Biochemistry, Sher-e-Bangla Agricultural University, Dhaka, Bangladesh

2Department of Food Technology & Rural Industries, Bangladesh Agricultural University, Mymensingh, Bangladesh

3Department of Food Technology, Engineering and Nutrition, Lund University, SE Lund, Sweden

4Department of Food Engineering and Tea Technology, Shahjalal University of Science and Technology, Sylhet, Bangladesh

Pub. Date: December 09, 2015

Cite this paper:
M. T. Hasan, M. H. A. Khatun, M. A. M. Sajib, M. M. Rahman, M. S. Rahman, M. Roy, M. N. Miah and K. U. Ahmed. Effect of Wheat Bran Supplement with Sugarcane Bagasse on Growth, Yield and Proximate Composition of Pink Oyster Mushroom (Pleurotus djamor). American Journal of Food Science and Technology. 2015; 3(6):150-157. doi: 10.12691/ajfst-3-6-2

Abstract

This study evaluated the effect of supplementing different levels of wheat bran with sugarcane bagasse on the production of pink oyster mushroom (Pleurotus djamor) and find out their yield and proximate composition. The sugarcane bagasse was mixed at spawning with 0%, 10%, 20%, 30%, 40%, and 50% of wheat bran supplement and arranged in a complete randomized design with three replications, three spawn packets in each replication and six treatments. Result showed significantly (P<0.01) different, the highest mycelium running rate was observed on 40% and lowest on 0% due to using different levels of wheat bran supplement. Number of days from stimulation to primordia initiation and harvest, sugarcane bagasse supplemented with 30% wheat bran took longer time (5.5 days) for primordia and (5 days) to harvest, while 20% took shorter time (6.8 days) to full colonization. 10% supplement provided highest result in term of average number of primordia/packet (176.3), fruiting body/packet (77.6) and weight/fruiting body (5.3 g). The growth of pileus and stipe were significantly (P<0.05 (stipe length, pileus thickness) and P<0.01 (diameter)) different, being highest diameter on 30%, stripe length on 10% and pileus thickness on 40%. The yields of pink oyster mushroom showed significantly (P<0.01) different result, biological yield, economic yield, dry yield, biological efficiency and cost benefit ratio were obtained higher with 10% wheat bran supplement. The maximum moisture content was determined on 50%, dry matter, ash on 20% and protein content, crude fiber on 30%. 50% supplement was accounted for the highest amount of nitrogen, iron and phosphorus, whereas the quantity of calcium, magnesium and zinc were higher on 20%, Potassium on 40% and sulfur on 30% supplement. Thus, 10% wheat bran supplementation with sugarcane bagasse proved to be a viable option to produce pink oyster mushroom due to economical effectiveness while any supplementation above this level might reduce the yield of mushroom significantly.

Keywords:
wheat bran sugarcane bagasse pink oyster mushroom proximate composition supplementation pleurotus djamor biological efficiency

Creative CommonsThis work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. To view a copy of this license, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/

Figures

Figure of 4

References:

[1]  Chang, S.T. and Miles, P.G. (1988). Edible Mushroom and their cultivation. CRC Press, Inc. Boca Raton, Florida U.S.A. pp. 27, 83, 88.
 
[2]  Banik, S. and Nandi, R. (2004). Effect of supplementation of rice straw with biogas residual slurry manure on the yield, protein and mineral contents of oyster mushroom. Industrial Crops and Products. 20(3): 311-319.
 
[3]  Amin, M.A. (2004). Studies on mycelium, spawn and production of certain edible mushrooms. M.S. Thesis, Department of Biotechnology, BAU, Mymensingh.
 
[4]  Wikipedia (The free encyclopedia). (2015). Pleurotus djamor. Available from https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pleurotus_djamor.
 
[5]  Shah, Z. A., M. Ashraf and M. Ishtiaq. (2004). Comparative Study on Cultivation and Yield Performance of Oyster Mushroom (Pleurotus ostreatus) on Different Substrates (Wheat Straw, Leaves, Saw Dust). Pakistan Journal of Nutrition 3 (3): 158-160.
 
[6]  Anderson, J. W. and Ward, K. (1979). High Carbohydrate high fiber diets for insulin- treated man with diabetes mellitus. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition 32:2313.
 
[7]  Rahman, M.H., Ahmed,K.U., Roy,T.S., Shelly, N. J. and Rahman, M. S.(2012). Effect of wheat bran supplements with rice straw on the proximate composition of oyster mushroom (Pleurotus ostreatus). Bangladesh research publications journal 7(4): 306-311.
 
[8]  Chandha, K.L. and Sharma, S.R. (1995). Advances in Horticulture. Mushroom, Malhotra Publication house, New Delhi.13: 649.
 
[9]  Alam, S. M. and R. Saboohi. (2001). Importance of mushroom. Available from http://www.mushroomworld.com.
 
[10]  Klingman, A.M. (1950). Hand book of mushroom culture. CRC Publishing co. J. B. Kenneth Square, Pennsylvania, USA.
 
[11]  Sarker, N.C., Hossain, M.M.,Sultana, N., Mian, I.H., Karim, A.J.M.S. and Amin, S.M.R. (2007). Impect of different Substrates on Nutrient Content of Pleurotus ostreatus (Jacquin ex Fr.) Kummer. Bangladesh Journal of Mushroom. 1(2): 35-38.
 
[12]  Zadrazil, F., & Brunnert, F. (1981). Investigation of physical parameters important for the solid state fermentation of straw by white rot fungi. European Journal of Applied. Microbiology and Biotechnol., 11, 183-188.
 
[13]  Oei, P. (1996). Mushroom cultivation. Tool Publications, Leiden, The Netherlands.
 
[14]  Siddiqui, M. A., & Khan, S. M. (1989). Some studies on the cultivation of oyster mushroom (Pleurotus spp.) on ligno-cellulosic by-products of textile industry. Proceedings of the 12th International Congress on the Science and Cultivation of Edible Fungi (pp.121-128). Braunschweig, Germany.
 
[15]  AOAC. (1990). Official Methods of Analysis. 15th ed., Association of Official Analytical Chemists, Artington, Virginia, USA.
 
[16]  Salma, I. J., Sajib, M. A. M., Motalab, M., Mumtaz, B., Jahan, S., Hoque, M. M., Saha, B. K. (2015). Comparative Evaluation of Macro and Micro-Nutrient Element and Heavy Metal Contents of Commercial Fruit Juices Available in Bangladesh. American Journal of Food and Nutrition 3(2):56-63.
 
[17]  Sajib, M. A. M., Jahan, S., Islam, M. Z., Khan, T. A. and Saha, B. K. (2014). Nutritional evaluation and heavy metals content of selected tropical fruits in Bangladesh. International Food Research Journal 21(2): 609-615.
 
[18]  Sajib, M. A. M., Hoque, M. M., Yeasmin, S. and Khatun, M. H. A. (2014). Minerals and heavy metals concentration in selected tropical fruits of Bangladesh. International Food Research Journal, 21(5): 1731-1736.
 
[19]  Bhuyan, M. H. M. B. U. (2008). Study on Preparation of Low Cost Spawn Packets for the Production of Oyster Mushroom (Pleurotus Ostreatus) and its Proximate Analysis. M.S. Thesis, Department of Biochemistry, SAU, Dhaka-1207.
 
[20]  Alam, N., Khan, A., Hossain, M.S., Amin S.M.R. and Khan, L.A. (2007). Nutritional Analysis of dietary Mushroom Pleurotus florida Eger and Pleurotus sajorcaj (Fr.) Singer. Bangladesh Journal of Mushroom. 1(2): 1-7.
 
[21]  Moni, K. H., Ramabardan, R. and Eswaran, A. (2004). Studies on some physiological, cultural and post harvest aspects of Oyster mushroom Pleurotus ostreatus (Berk). Trop. Agril. Res. 12: 360-374.