American Journal of Food Science and Technology
ISSN (Print): 2333-4827 ISSN (Online): 2333-4835 Website: http://www.sciepub.com/journal/ajfst Editor-in-chief: Hyo Choi
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American Journal of Food Science and Technology. 2015, 3(4), 103-110
DOI: 10.12691/ajfst-3-4-2
Open AccessArticle

Optimisation of Kernels Preparation Conditions Involved in the Press Extraction of Shea (Vitellaria paradoxa Gaertner F.) Butter

Mohagir A. M.1, , Bup N. D2, Abi C. F.3, Kamga R.4 and Kapseu C.4

1Faculty of Pure and Applied Science, University of N’djamena, Chad

2Higher Institute of the Sahel, University of Maroua, Cameroon

3Department of Chemistry, Higher Teachers’ Training College, University of Yaounde1, Cameroon

4National School of Agro-Industrial Science, University of Ngaoundere, Cameroon

Pub. Date: August 20, 2015

Cite this paper:
Mohagir A. M., Bup N. D, Abi C. F., Kamga R. and Kapseu C.. Optimisation of Kernels Preparation Conditions Involved in the Press Extraction of Shea (Vitellaria paradoxa Gaertner F.) Butter. American Journal of Food Science and Technology. 2015; 3(4):103-110. doi: 10.12691/ajfst-3-4-2

Abstract

In this study, different conditions of press extraction of shea butter were optimised. Response Surface Methodology (RSM) using the Doehlert experimental design has been employed in the optimisation. The independent variables considered were roasting time (0-60 min), roasting temperature (50-300°C), cooking time (0-300 min) and cooling time (0 -60 min). Four-second order polynomial models were generated. The models were well described the responses: extraction yield, acid value, peroxide value and Lovibond red colour of the process with satisfactory fits in terms of absolute average deviation and coefficient of determination. The optimum conditions were found to be 10-15 min roasting time, 160-225°C roasting temperature, 140-275 min cooking time and 30-40 min of cooling time. The optimum responses were 45.7% extraction yield, 19.3 acid value, 5.4 peroxide value and 1.6 Lovibond red colour. The statistical relation between the four independent variables and the process responses was well described.

Keywords:
optimisation RSM- Doehlert experimental design shea kernels butter pressing physicochemical characteristics

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