American Journal of Food Science and Technology
ISSN (Print): 2333-4827 ISSN (Online): 2333-4835 Website: http://www.sciepub.com/journal/ajfst Editor-in-chief: Hyo Choi
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American Journal of Food Science and Technology. 2015, 3(2), 40-47
DOI: 10.12691/ajfst-3-2-3
Open AccessArticle

Physico-chemical Characterization Leaves from Five Genotypes of Cassava (Manihot esculenta Crantz) Consumed in the Far North Region (Cameroon)

Benoît B. KOUBALA1, 2, , Alphonse LAYA1, Harouna MASSAÏ2, 3, Habiba KOUNINKI1 and Elias N. NUKENINE4

1Department of Life and Earth Sciences, Higher Teacher’s Training College of Maroua, University of Maroua, Maroua, Cameroon

2Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Sciences, University of Maroua, Maroua, Cameroon

3Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Sciences, University of Ngaoundéré, Ngaoundéré, Cameroon

4Department of Biological Sciences, Faculty of Sciences, University of Ngaoundéré, Ngaoundéré, Cameroon

Pub. Date: April 22, 2015

Cite this paper:
Benoît B. KOUBALA, Alphonse LAYA, Harouna MASSAÏ, Habiba KOUNINKI and Elias N. NUKENINE. Physico-chemical Characterization Leaves from Five Genotypes of Cassava (Manihot esculenta Crantz) Consumed in the Far North Region (Cameroon). American Journal of Food Science and Technology. 2015; 3(2):40-47. doi: 10.12691/ajfst-3-2-3

Abstract

Leaves from five cassava (Manihot esculanta) genotypes including local and improved were evaluated for their physicochemical and antioxidant properties. Results showed a significant (p<0.05) variations with the different analysed parameters. Leaves from the improved genotype 92/0326 exhibited the highest ash content (2.34 mg/g fresh weight). Mineral elements were more present in IRAD4115 and 92/0326 cassava leaves. Leaves from IRAD4115 exhibited the highest carbohydrates content meanwhile those from local genotype EN presented a high protein content (6.64%). The improved variety IRAD4115 detained the highest total phenolic compounds as well as ascorbic acid (40.51 µg /g) and the highest total antioxidant activity. Cassava leaves are a very important source of macronutrient, micronutrient minerals and antioxidant compounds that can contribute in the strive against chronic malnutrition leading to a better state of health in rural and urban population.

Keywords:
Cassava genotypes leaves nutritional qualities Far North Region

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