American Journal of Food Science and Technology
ISSN (Print): 2333-4827 ISSN (Online): 2333-4835 Website: http://www.sciepub.com/journal/ajfst Editor-in-chief: Hyo Choi
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American Journal of Food Science and Technology. 2022, 10(3), 109-118
DOI: 10.12691/ajfst-10-3-3
Open AccessArticle

Toxicological and Physicochemical Quality in the Production Units of Dried Mangoes in Burkina Faso

Alain Gustave Yaguibou1, 2, Souleymane Zio1, Bakary Tarnagda1, 2, François Tapsoba1, Fulbert Nikiema3, Jean Paul Bakoué Karama2 and Aly Savadogo1,

1Laboratoire de Biochimie et Immunologie Appliquées,

2Département de Biochimie et Microbiologie, Université Joseph KI-ZERBO, 03 BP 7021 Ouagadougou 03, Burkina Faso

3Laboratoire National de Santé Publique, Direction du Contrôle des Aliments et la Nutrition Appliquée,

Pub. Date: August 16, 2022

Cite this paper:
Alain Gustave Yaguibou, Souleymane Zio, Bakary Tarnagda, François Tapsoba, Fulbert Nikiema, Jean Paul Bakoué Karama and Aly Savadogo. Toxicological and Physicochemical Quality in the Production Units of Dried Mangoes in Burkina Faso. American Journal of Food Science and Technology. 2022; 10(3):109-118. doi: 10.12691/ajfst-10-3-3

Abstract

The transformation of mango fruits into dried slices is a way of valuing this fruit. The requirements of good manufacturing practices (GMP) and batch monitoring are not systematically respected. The objective of this work was to study the main factors influencing the sanitary quality of dried mangoes produced in Burkina Faso, emphasizing the importance of implementing a quality approach within the drying units. A survey on dried mangoes units has been performed. Also, toxicological and physicochemical parameters of 60 dried mango samples produced in four towns in Burkina Faso (Bobo-Dioulasso, Banfora, Orodara and Toussiana) have been assayed. Standards methods were used to search each mycotoxins and heavy metals. The production characteristics of the dried mangoes unities were evaluated. The contents of aflatoxins B1 (AFB1), B2 (AFB2), G1 (AFG1), G2 (AFG2) and total aflatoxins (B1+B2+G1+G2) and heavy metals in dried mangoes were evaluated by methods standard. AFB1, AFB2, AFG1 and AFG2 aflatoxin levels were all below the quantization limit (LOQ). The physico-chemical results showed values between 3.33 to 4.94 for the pH. The humidity levels were between 6.12 to 17.44%. For organoleptic level, results showed a solid and orange-yellow appearance, a sweet and sour smell and taste, without foreign particles. The results showed the presence of heavy metals with values between 0.030 to 0.117 mg/Kg for Cd, 0.040 to 3.470 mg/Kg for Pb, 0.060 to 6. 850 mg/Kg for Cu, 0.370 to 20.740 mg/Kg for Mn and 0.307 to 1.707 mg/Kg for Co. The results obtained provided guidance to producers and researchers in Burkina Faso on the factors that can depreciate the quality of dried mangoes.

Keywords:
dried mangoes quality heavy metals aflatoxins Burkina Faso

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