American Journal of Food Science and Technology
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American Journal of Food Science and Technology. 2021, 9(4), 113-124
DOI: 10.12691/ajfst-9-4-2
Open AccessReview Article

Biological Activities of Beng-tigré (Vigna radiata): Nutritional Aspects and Therapeutic Functions

Jeanne d’Arc Wendmintiri Kabré1, Fatoumata Hama-Ba2, Aïcha Yamkaye Sawadogo1, Hama Cissé1, Yves Traoré1 and Aly Savadogo1,

1Department of Biochemistry and Microbiology, Laboratory of Applied Biochemistry and Immunology, University Joseph KI-ZERBO, 03 BP 7021 Ouagadougou 03, Burkina Faso

2Department of Food Technology, Research Institute of Applied sciences and technology, 05 BP 6288 Ouagadougou 05, Burkina Faso

Pub. Date: September 16, 2021

Cite this paper:
Jeanne d’Arc Wendmintiri Kabré, Fatoumata Hama-Ba, Aïcha Yamkaye Sawadogo, Hama Cissé, Yves Traoré and Aly Savadogo. Biological Activities of Beng-tigré (Vigna radiata): Nutritional Aspects and Therapeutic Functions. American Journal of Food Science and Technology. 2021; 9(4):113-124. doi: 10.12691/ajfst-9-4-2

Abstract

Beng-tigré is a variety of Vigna radiata, a legume of the Fabaceae’s family newly introduced in Burkina Faso for its resilience to the effects of climate change, its high nutritional value and its potential to reduce the prevalence of chronic diseases in the population. The objective of this study was to raise awareness of the nutritional and therapeutic qualities of Beng-tigré seeds among the Burkinabe population. A legume that matures between 55 and 70 days, Beng-tigré has a high nutritional value influenced by processing methods such as germination, fermentation and cooking time. Well consumed in Asia for its high protein (23.50g), fibre (16.80g), and carbohydrate (62.75g) content, as well as its high vitamin and mineral content, Beng-tigré is used as a supplement in the preparation of weaning foods and contributes to the fight against malnutrition in infants and young children. Rich in polyphenols, polysaccharides and peptides, Beng-tigré is a functional food that can contribute to the prevention and management of certain degenerative diseases. Several in vitro studies and studies on laboratory animals have shown the anti-cancer, anti-diabetic and anti-hypertensive effect of Beng-tigré. It also acts as a prebiotic to maintain the homeostasis and functions of the intestinal microbiota. A functional food with multiple virtues, Beng-tigré can be of great use in preventive medicine in developing countries where chronic non-communicable diseases are rampant. Further studies are needed at the local level to better understand the synergistic effects of the multiple components of Beng-tigré and to ensure therapeutic convenience for the population.

Keywords:
Beng-tigré legumes bioactive molecules benefits health

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