American Journal of Food Science and Technology
ISSN (Print): 2333-4827 ISSN (Online): 2333-4835 Website: Editor-in-chief: Hyo Choi
Open Access
Journal Browser
American Journal of Food Science and Technology. 2013, 1(4), 82-86
DOI: 10.12691/ajfst-1-4-4
Open AccessArticle

Domestication and Observation on Induced Breeding of Spiny Eel Mastacembelus armatus

Mollah M.F.A.1, , Ali M.R.1 and Taslima K1

1Department of Fisheries Biology and Genetics, Bangladesh Agricultural University Mymensingh, Bangladesh

Pub. Date: December 17, 2013

Cite this paper:
Mollah M.F.A., Ali M.R. and Taslima K. Domestication and Observation on Induced Breeding of Spiny Eel Mastacembelus armatus. American Journal of Food Science and Technology. 2013; 1(4):82-86. doi: 10.12691/ajfst-1-4-4


Spiny Eel, Mastacembelus armatus categorized as endangered is a highly potential species in Bangladesh. Two different experiments were conducted on domestication and induced breeding of Spiny Eel, M. armatus at mini hatchery cum breeding complex under the Department of Fisheries Biology and Genetics, Bangladesh Agricultural University. For domestication, fish were reared under three different treatments (treatment I, II and III) each having three replications (R1, R2, R3) in nine indoor cisterns (2.33 m × 1.34 m area each) for six months and fed with three different feeds namely commercial supplementary feed (Mega feed), trash fish and chicken viscera. Highest growth performance was observed upon statistical analysis in treatment II fed with trash compared with treatment I and III. Subsequently four induced breeding trials were conducted using carp pituitary gland (PG) extract. Male and female broods were induced to breed using different doses (35-100 body weight of female and 5-10 body weight of male) of PG extract. PG dose of 35 & 40 body weight precipitated ovulation but successful fertilization (82.00 ± 2.21) was observed at the dose of 40 body weight. Data were analyzed using one-way analysis of variance (ANOVA).

Mastacembelus armatus growth pituitary gland induced breeding

Creative CommonsThis work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. To view a copy of this license, visit


[1]  Afroz, T. 2000. Breeding biology of chapila fish Gudusiachapra (Ham.) studied in pond. J. Asiat. Soc. (Sci), 26 (2): 245-252.
[2]  Banerjee, V. 1986.Haematology of fresh water eel, Amphipnouschuchia (Hamilton) Erythrocyte dimension with special reference to the body length, sex and season. Comp. Physiol. Ecol., 11 (2): 68-73.
[3]  Barua, G., Islamand, M. M. and Mollah, M. F. A. 1986. Some aspects of reproductive biology of Clariasbatrachus (Linneaus) with notes on some climatological parameters. Bangladesh J. Fish., 9 (1-2): 23-31.
[4]  Brown, M. E., editor. 1957. Experimental studies on growth. In: The Physiology of Fishes. Academic Press, New York. Vol. 1.361-400 pp.
[5]  Chisnal, B. L. 1989. Age growth and condition of fresh water eels (Anguilla sp) in back waters of the lower Waikato River, New Zealand. New Zealand J. Mar. Freshwat. Res., 23 (4): 459-465.
[6]  Day, F. 1878. The Fishes of India: being a natural history of fishes known to inhabit the Seas and Freshwaters of India, Burma and Ceylon, London, Reproduced by Williams Dowson and Sons. 778pp.
[7]  Froese, Rainer, and Daniel Pauly, eds. (2007). "Mastacembelusarmatus" in Fish Base. June 2007 version.
[8]  Henken, A. M., Machiels, M. A. M., Deeker,W. and Hogendoorn, H. 1986. The effect of dietary protein and energy content on growth rate and feed utilization of the African catfish, Clariasgariepinus (Burchell 1992). Aquaculture, 58: 55-74.
[9]  Hoar, W. S. and Randall, D. J. 1969. Fish Physiology, Voll. III, New York, Academic press. 485pp.
[10]  Jhingran, A.G. and Talwar, P. K. 1991. Inland fisheries of India and adjacent countries.Voll.1, Calcutta, Oxford and IBH publishing Co. Pvt. 514pp.
[11]  Kabir, A. K. M. A., Hossain, M. A., Rahmatullah, S. M., Dewan, S. and Islam, M.S. 1998. Studies on the gonadosomatic index and fecundity of chapila (Gudusiachapra Ham.). Bangladesh J. Fish. Res. 2 (2): 195-200.
[12]  Kachhap, D., Bose, P., Kumari, R. and Hore, A. 1993. Experiments on the influence of pineal on reproductive cycle in two freshwater teleost species. Trop. Freshwat. Biol., 3 (2): 432-442.
[13]  Mittal, A. K., Whitear, M. and Agrawal, S. K. 1980. Structure and histochemistry of the epidermis of the fish Monopteruscuchia. J. Zool, 191: 107-125.
[14]  Mollah, M. F. A. and Tan, E. S. P. 1982. Effects of incubation temperature on the hatching of catfish (Clariasmacrocephalus) eggs with an illustration on the larval stages. Malay. Nat. J., 36: 123-131.
[15]  Nahar, Z., Azad Shah, A. K. M., Bhandari, R. K., Ali, M. H. and Dewan, S. 2000. Effects of different feeds on growth, survival and production of African catfish (Clariasgariepinus Burchell). Bangladesh J. Fish. Res. 4 (2): 121-125.
[16]  Narejo, N. T. 2003. Comparative studies on the biology and culture of Monopteruscuchia and Mastacembelusarmatus of Mymensing region. Ph.D. Thesis, Department of Aquaculture, Bangladesh Agricultural University, Mymensingh, Bangladesh.
[17]  Narejo, N. T., Salam, M. A., Sabur, M. A. and Rahmatullah, S. M. 2005. Effect of stocking density on growth and survivalof indigenous catfish, Heteropneustesfossilisreared in cemented cisterns fed on formulated feed. Pakistan J. Zool., 37: 49-52.
[18]  Narejo, N. T., Haque, M. M. and Rahmatullah, S. M. 2002. Growth performances of snake eel, Pisodonophisboro (Hamilton) reared experimentally with different food items. Bangladesh J. Train. Dev., 15 (1-2): 221-225.
[19]  Nasar, S. S. T. 1997. Backyard eel culture: International Institute of Rural Reconstruction, Silag, Cavity, Philippines, 88pp.
[20]  Nikolsky, G. V. 1963. The Ecology of Fishes. Academy press, London and New York.352 pp.
[21]  Prinsloo, J. F. and Schoonbee, H. J. 1989. Notes on a comparison of the catchability and growth of a red and normal variety of sharptooth catfish, Clariasgariepinus (Buechell) stocked together in a fish production ponds. Water SA 15 (3):179-184.
[22]  Rahman, A. K. A. 1989.Freshwater Fshes of Bangladesh. Dhaka, Zoological Society of Bangladesh.
[23]  Rahman, M. M., Ahmed, G. U. and Rahmatullah, S.M. 2004. Changes in gonad of wild freshwater spiny eel, Mastacembelus armatus (Lacepede) during early spent period collected from a river of Netrokona district, Bangladesh. Progress. Agric., 15 (2): 115-120.
[24]  Sanaullah, A. A. M., Mazid, M. A., Rahman, M. A., Gheyasuddin, S. and Chakraborty, S. C. 1986. Formulations of quality fish feeds from indigenous raw materials and their effects on growth of catfish, Clariasbatrachus. Bangladesh J. Fish., 9 (1-2): 39-46.
[25]  Shaima, K., Nashida, B. and Isabella, B. 1992. Studies on some aspects of the biology and fecundity of Mystustengara (Hamilton-Buchanan 1982). Bangladesh J. Zool., 20 (2): 333-340.
[26]  Singh, S. B., Dev, R. K., Reddy, P. V. G. K. and Mishra, B. K. 1980. Some observation on breeding, growth and fecundity of Notopteruschitala. J. Inland Fish. Soc., 12 (2): 13-17.
[27]  Winfree, R. A. and Stickney, R. R. 1984. Formulation and processing of hatchery diets for channel catfish. Aquaculture, 41: 311-323.