American Journal of Food Science and Technology
ISSN (Print): 2333-4827 ISSN (Online): 2333-4835 Website: http://www.sciepub.com/journal/ajfst Editor-in-chief: Hyo Choi
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American Journal of Food Science and Technology. 2020, 8(2), 42-48
DOI: 10.12691/ajfst-8-2-1
Open AccessArticle

Nutritive and Anti-Nutritive Evaluation of Cocoyam (Colocasia Esculenta L. Schott) Inflorescence

Kalu Emmanuel Okechukwu1, , Princewill-Ogbonna Ijeoma Lawretta2, Azuka Chinenye Eberechukwu1, Okocha Kalu Stanley3, Kalu Chibuike Egbuta4 and Nweke Chijioke Joel5

1Department of Food Science and Technology, University of Nigeria Nsukka, Nigeria

2Department of Food Science and Technology, Michael Okpara University of Agriculture, Umudike, Nigeria

3Department of Food Science and Technology, Nnamdi Azikiwe Universit, Awka, Nigeria

4Department of Food Technology, Akanu Ibiam Federal Polytechnic Unwana, Nigeria

5Department of Mathematics and Statistics, Alex Ekwueme Federal University, Ndufu-Alike, Nigeria

Pub. Date: February 23, 2020

Cite this paper:
Kalu Emmanuel Okechukwu, Princewill-Ogbonna Ijeoma Lawretta, Azuka Chinenye Eberechukwu, Okocha Kalu Stanley, Kalu Chibuike Egbuta and Nweke Chijioke Joel. Nutritive and Anti-Nutritive Evaluation of Cocoyam (Colocasia Esculenta L. Schott) Inflorescence. American Journal of Food Science and Technology. 2020; 8(2):42-48. doi: 10.12691/ajfst-8-2-1

Abstract

Levels of some nutrients and anti-nutrients of cocoyam (Colocasia esculenta (L.)Schott) inflorescence was determined using standard analytical methods. Crude protein, crude fat, crude fibre, ash, carbohydrate and moisture contents were 3.10%, 1.78%, 1.17%, 2.83%, 11.61% and 70.33% respectively. The vitamin composition was found to be at the levels of 348.91µg/dl for vitamin A and 27.21mg/100g for vitamin C. The elemental analysis of the inflorescence (in percentage) indicated that it contained appreciable levels of calcium (1.14), magnesium (4.80), manganese (5.49), zinc (60.70), iron (0.003), copper (0.04), sodium (22.92), potassium, (152.43), phosphorus (1.60) and iodine (18.13). The anti-nutrient composition (in percentages) for phytate, cyanide, oxalate and saponin were 32.27, trace, 36.07, 85.72 and tannin 17.15mg/100g respectively. These results revealed that cocoyam inflorescence can serve as good sources of nutrients, vitamins and mineral elements and contained low levels of toxicants and therefore, should be included in diets to supplement our daily allowance needed by the body.

Keywords:
cocoyam inflorescence proximate analysis anti-nutrients minerals vitamins

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