American Journal of Food and Nutrition
ISSN (Print): 2374-1155 ISSN (Online): 2374-1163 Website: http://www.sciepub.com/journal/ajfn Editor-in-chief: Mihalis Panagiotidis
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American Journal of Food and Nutrition. 2016, 4(5), 131-134
DOI: 10.12691/ajfn-4-5-3
Open AccessArticle

Nutritional Assessment of Breakfast Foods Developed From Animal Polypeptide, Crayfish (Euastacus Spp) and Maize (Zea Mays)

Ibironke Samson Ishola1, and Adepeju Adefisola Bola2

1Department of Food Science and Technology, Obafemi Awolowo University Ile-Ife, Osun State, Nigeria

2Department of Food Science and Technology, College of Agriculture, Joseph Ayo Babalola University, Ikeji

Pub. Date: August 02, 2016

Cite this paper:
Ibironke Samson Ishola and Adepeju Adefisola Bola. Nutritional Assessment of Breakfast Foods Developed From Animal Polypeptide, Crayfish (Euastacus Spp) and Maize (Zea Mays). American Journal of Food and Nutrition. 2016; 4(5):131-134. doi: 10.12691/ajfn-4-5-3

Abstract

Breakfast is the first food taken after waking up from a night's sleep, most especially early in the morning before undertaking the day's activity. Breakfast foods vary widely according to culture, location and resources but should contain major nutrient, a carbohydrate such as grains or cereals, fruit and/or vegetables, a protein food such as eggs, meat or fish, and a beverage such as tea, coffee, milk or fruit juice, Coffee, and milk. The objective of this study is to prepare breakfast foods from animal polypeptide, maize and crayfish were the sole energy and protein source respectively. Diet 1, nitrogen free diet (Basal), diet 2 (Crayfish: fermented maize 10g: 100g), diet 3 (Crayfish: fermented maize15g: 100g), diet 4 control (milk based). The formulated breakfast diets were fed to 50 albino rats. A commercial product, milk based commercial breakfast (MBCB) was used as standard diet. The results revealed that the growth response, (non protein dietary) declined from 24.62- 23.79g, (protein dietary) increased from 23.36-45.74, 24.50-40.77, and 24.43-37.81g, for diets 1 2, 3, and 4 respectively. Animal polypeptide (Diet 2) at combination of 10g: 100g performed better than 15g: 100g combination. It may be suggested that (Diet 2) at combination of 10g:100g could have complete amino acid profile that could sustained body for daily activities and meet daily requirements when compared to other formulated dietary. Animal polypeptide (crayfish) supplement to energy obtained from maize at 10g: 100g promoted the best growth performance.

Keywords:
breakfast optimum nutrient polypeptide

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