American Journal of Food and Nutrition
ISSN (Print): 2374-1155 ISSN (Online): 2374-1163 Website: http://www.sciepub.com/journal/ajfn Editor-in-chief: Mihalis Panagiotidis
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American Journal of Food and Nutrition. 2016, 4(3), 78-82
DOI: 10.12691/ajfn-4-3-4
Open AccessArticle

Sensory and Proximate Characteristics of Annatto-colored Soy-wheat Cake Formulations

Courage Sedem Dzah1, 2, , Christopher Mensah1 and Fidelis Mawunyo Kpodo1

1Department of Hospitality and Tourism Management, Ho Polytechnic, Ho, Ghana

2Center for Research In Efficient Agricultural Technologies, Ho, Ghana

Pub. Date: May 25, 2016

Cite this paper:
Courage Sedem Dzah, Christopher Mensah and Fidelis Mawunyo Kpodo. Sensory and Proximate Characteristics of Annatto-colored Soy-wheat Cake Formulations. American Journal of Food and Nutrition. 2016; 4(3):78-82. doi: 10.12691/ajfn-4-3-4

Abstract

Annatto extract was used as colorant in cakes from soy-wheat flour formulations. The effects of flour component and colorant were investigated on sensory attributes and proximate composition. A 3x2 factorial design of three factors (3 flour formulations) at 2 levels (annatto, sugar-flair colorant) was followed. Six cake samples (A, B, C, D, E, F) were produced and compared with a control (G) for affective sensory test and proximate analysis. Annatto-colored cakes closely matched the control (sugar-flair) in sensory performance although the later was scored higher for mouthfeel and flavour (P<0.05). All formulations had higher protein and crude fat contents than control. Samples C and E recorded significantly higher values for proteins (15.31 and 11.9% respectively against 8.27% for control) and moisture (24.87 and 25.59% respectively) than control (19.01%) (P<0.05). The control sample had higher ash (3.8%) and crude fibre (26.32%) against 1.87 and 15.89% for sample C and 1.56 and 10.52% respectively for sample E (P<0.05).

Keywords:
soya bean flour cakes sensory evaluation composite flour annatto colorant product development

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