American Journal of Food and Nutrition
ISSN (Print): 2374-1155 ISSN (Online): 2374-1163 Website: http://www.sciepub.com/journal/ajfn Editor-in-chief: Mihalis Panagiotidis
Open Access
Journal Browser
Go
American Journal of Food and Nutrition. 2016, 4(2), 55-62
DOI: 10.12691/ajfn-4-2-4
Open AccessArticle

Effect of the Level of Dietary Fat and Fat Type on Postprandial Calciuria and Involvement of Insulin

B.W. Brazier1,

1Bendigo Kangan Institute, Bendigo, Victoria, Australia

Pub. Date: May 05, 2016

Cite this paper:
B.W. Brazier. Effect of the Level of Dietary Fat and Fat Type on Postprandial Calciuria and Involvement of Insulin. American Journal of Food and Nutrition. 2016; 4(2):55-62. doi: 10.12691/ajfn-4-2-4

Abstract

Postprandial calciuric responses to high and low protein meals are usually involves making meals isocalorific by adding extra fat to the low protein meals. In this study the effect of high fat meals and the type of fat on calciuria is examined to evaluate any effect it can have on evaluating protein induced hypercalciuria. Changes in urinary calcium, creatinine and phosphate are compared with serum calcium, creatinine, urea, protein and insulin. Group result show that the average postprandial calciuria was affected by the high fat meals compared to low fat meals and the type of fat had little effect. However the increase in calciuria in every case showed a plateau effect during the time of maximum insulinemia. Examination of individual results show that the individuals with less insulinemia exhibited greatest hypercalciuria and individuals with exaggerated insulinemia responses showed reduced hypercalciuria. Discussion is providing regarding the significance of the insulin in regard to hypercalciuria and possible mechanisms for it cause. A suggestion is made that diet induced calciuria could be used as a non-invasive measure of insulin insensitivity.

Keywords:
hypercalciuria. Lipids insulin

Creative CommonsThis work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. To view a copy of this license, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/

References:

[1]  Brazier BW. Hypercalciuric effect of high protein diets, American Journal of Food and Nutrition. 2016; 2 ( 1) .20-29.
 
[2]  Allen, L.H., Oddoye, E.A and Margen, S. (1979), 'Protein-induced hypercalciuria: a longer term study', American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 32: 742-49.
 
[3]  Spencer, H., Kramer, L., Osis, D. and Norris, C. (1978a) 'Effect of a high protein (meat) intake on calcium metabolism in man', Am.Jn.Clin.Nut. 31(12): 2167-80.
 
[4]  Kerstetter, J.E. and Allen, L.H. (1990) 'Dietary protein increases urinary calcium, J.Nut.120 (1): 134-6.
 
[5]  Maalouf NM, Moe OW, Adams-Huet B, Sakhaee K. (2011) ‘Hypercalciuria associated with high dietary protein intake is not due to acid load’, J Clin Endocrinol Metab. Dec; 96(12): 3733-40.
 
[6]  Kevin K. F and. Bushinsky D. A., (2003) ‘Molecular Mechanisms of Primary Hypercalciuria’ J Am Soc Nephrol 14: 1082-1095.
 
[7]  Stefania S, Cattelan C, Realdi G, and Giannini S (2008 ),‘Bone disease in primary hypercalciuria’, Clin Cases Miner Bone Metab. May-Aug; 5(2): 118-126.
 
[8]  Grant,C,(2002) The Atkins Diet: An Unresolved Debate, Nutrition Noteworthy, 5(1).
 
[9]  Noakes M, Clifton, P, (2005 ),’The CSIRO Total Wellbeing Diet’ CSIRO Total Wellbeing Diet series, Australia.
 
[10]  Wood, RJ. Alien, L.H. and Bronner, F. (1984) 'Regulation of calcium metabolism in streptozotocin-induced diabetes', Am.J.Physiol., 247(1 Pt 2): R120-3).
 
[11]  Santos, F., Suarez, D., Malaga, S. and Crespo, M. (1987) Idiopathic hypercalciuria in Children: Pathophysiologic considerations of renal and absorptive subtypes, l.Pediatr. 110: 238-43.
 
[12]  Pike, R and Brown, M. (1984), Nutrition: An Integrated Approach, Whey and Sons, Canada.
 
[13]  Lange (1979), Review of Physiological Chemistry, Lange Medical Publications, California.
 
[14]  Potter, S.M., Kies, E.V. and Rojhani, A (1990) 'Protein and fat utilization by humans as affected by calcium phosphate, calcium carbonate and manganese gluconate supplements, Nutrition (Burbank), 6(4): 309-12.
 
[15]  Appleton, G.U.N., Owen, R, Wheeler, E.E., Challacombe, D.N. and Williamson, RCN. (1991), 'Effect of dietary calcium on the colonic luminal environment', Gut. 32(11): 1374-7.
 
[16]  Wargovich, M.l., Allnut, D., Palmer, C, Anaya, P. and Stephens, L.C (1990) Incubation of the promotional phase of azoxymethane-induced colon carcinogenesis in the F344 rat by calcium lactate: effect of simulating two human nutrient density levels, Cancer-Lett,53 (1): 17-25.
 
[17]  Lapre, J.A, DeVries, H.T., Koeman, J.H., Van der Meer, R (1993) 'The antiproliferative effects of dietary calcium on colonic epithelium is mediated by luminal surfactants and dependent on the type of dietary fat', Cancer Res., 53(4): 784-9.
 
[18]  Fische, S., Schacky, e. and von Schweer, H. (1988) 'Prostaglandins E3 and F3 alpha are excreted in humanurine after ingestion of n - 3 polyunsaturated fatty acids', Biochemica et Biophysica Acta, 963(3): 501-8.
 
[19]  Schlondorff, D., Roczniak, S., Satriano, J.A and Folkert, V. W. (1980) 'Prostaglandin synthesis by isolated rat glomeruli: effect of angiotensin Il', Am.J.Phvsiol., 239(5): F486-95.
 
[20]  Ebert, Rand Creutzfeldt, W. (1978) 'Aspects of GIP pathology', In Bloom RB. ‘Gut hormones', Churchill Livingstone, London, pp.294-300.
 
[21]  Scratchard, T. (1979) 'Two of the newer 'gastrointestinal hormones', Clin Sci., 56(1): 1-7.
 
[22]  Lerner, RL. (1978) 'Effect of endogenous release of gastric inhibitory peptide on insulin responses to intravenous glucose and arginine in normal and diabetic man', Scan.J.Gast., 13 (Sep 19), 112-3.
 
[23]  O'Dea, K, Collier, G. and McLean, H. (1981) The effect of coingestion of fat on the metabolic response of carbohydrate and fat, Proc.of the Nut.Soc.of Aust., 6, 102.
 
[24]  Brazier BW, (2016b) ‘Effect of insulin on calciuria following normal protein meals’, American Journal of Food and Nutrition in print.
 
[25]  Beretta-Piccoli, Weidmann, P., Fiammer, J., Gluci, Z. and Bachrnann, C (1980) Klin. Wochenchr, 58(9) 467-74.
 
[26]  Thomas, S. and Corden M. (1977), AUSNUT (2011) Food Standards Australia New Zealand, “Tables of Composition of Australian Foods “Australian Goverrnent Printing Service, Canberra.
 
[27]  Foodzone 2013 https://foodzone.com.au./.
 
[28]  Willis, J.B. (1960) 'Determination of calcium in blood serum by atomic absorption spectroscopy', Nature, 186: 249-50.
 
[29]  Chaney, AL. and Marbach, AP. (1962) 'Modified reagents for determination of urea and ammonia', Clin.Chem., 8(2): 130-32.
 
[30]  Fiske, C'H; Subbarow, Y. (1925) 'The colorimetric determination of phosphorus', J.Biol.Chem., 66: 373-400.
 
[31]  Scales, F.M. and Harrison, AP. (1920) 'Boric acid modification of Kjeldahl Method for crops and soils analysis', J.Ind.Eng.Chem., 12: 350-52.
 
[32]  Brazier BW. (2016c) ‘Effect of the level of dietary fat and fat type on postprandial calciuria Data’ http://barry-bwb2/fat_type_dat.html.
 
[33]  Potter, S.M., Kies, E.V. and Rojhani, A (1990) 'Protein and fat utilization by humans as affected by calcium phosphate, calcium carbonate and manganese gluconate supplements, Nutrition (Burbank), 6(4): 309-12.
 
[34]  Brazier BW, (2016d) ‘Calcium exchange rates in rat kidney tubule cells affected by insulin’, American Journal of Food and Nutrition in print
 
[35]  Howe, J.C. (1990) 'Postprandial response of calcium metabolism in postmenopausal women to meals varying in protein level/source', Metabolism, 39(12): 1246-52.