American Journal of Food and Nutrition
ISSN (Print): 2374-1155 ISSN (Online): 2374-1163 Website: http://www.sciepub.com/journal/ajfn Editor-in-chief: Mihalis Panagiotidis
Open Access
Journal Browser
Go
American Journal of Food and Nutrition. 2014, 2(4), 63-65
DOI: 10.12691/ajfn-2-4-3
Open AccessReview Article

Assessment of Nutritional Status in Endogeneous Children in Rural Area in Northern Sudan

Faroug Bakheit Mohamed Ahmed1 and Nagah A.A.Mohamed2,

1Department o f biochemistry, Faculty of Science and Technology, Shendi University

2Sudan University of science and technology, Sudan

Pub. Date: September 14, 2014

Cite this paper:
Faroug Bakheit Mohamed Ahmed and Nagah A.A.Mohamed. Assessment of Nutritional Status in Endogeneous Children in Rural Area in Northern Sudan. American Journal of Food and Nutrition. 2014; 2(4):63-65. doi: 10.12691/ajfn-2-4-3

Abstract

One hundred twenty four children (56 boys & 68 girls) aged 6-7 years old, from Elshagalwa village basic school in Nile state, North Sudan, were invited to assess their nutritional status. Mean± standard deviations of measured anthropometric parameters were (18.7 ± 2.2 kg, 113.4 ± 5.9cm, 15.9±1.3 cm and 8.9 ± 1.6 mm) for body weight, height, mid upper arm circumference and triceps skin fold. Z scores for the level of W/H the values below -2Zscore were recorded in 5.6% of children and all of them were moderately wasted. At the level of W/A; the values below -2Zscore were recorded in 11.3% of children and all of them were moderately under weight, whereas at the level of H/A; the below -2Zscore values were recorded by 20.9% of children of whom 4% were found to be severely stunted and 16.9% moderately stunted. Only 12.8% of the study samples were found suffering from malnutrition. Increases family economic level and inauguration of health education promotion are recommended for prevention of malnutrition in rural communities.

Keywords:
child nutrition rural area Sudan

Creative CommonsThis work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. To view a copy of this license, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/

References:

[1]  Bray G.A., Greenway F.L., Molitch M.E., Dahms W.T., Atkinson R.L. and Hamilton K. (1978) Use of anthropometric measures to assess weight loss. Am J Clin Nutr.;31(5):769-773.
 
[2]  Brahmbhatt S.R., Brahmbhatt R.M. and Boyages S.C.(2001). Impact of protein energy malnutrition on thyroid size in an iodine deficient population of Gujarat (India): Is it an aetiological factor for goiter?. Eur J Endocrinol. Jul;145(1):11-7.
 
[3]  El-Beily S.M. (1997). Nutritional status of school children in primary educational schools in Khartoum state. Thesis of M.D.(bublished data)
 
[4]  Garcia S.S., Pena C.G., Lopez M.X., Cedillo T.J., Nunez, A.L. and Beaman S.R.(2007).Anthropometric measures and nutritional status in a healthy elderly population. BMC Public Health, (7): 215-20.
 
[5]  Golden, M.H.N. (1995) Specific Deficiencies versus Growth Failure: Type I and Type II nutrients. United Nations (ACC/SCN). SCN News 12: 10-14. WHO, Geneva, Switzerland.
 
[6]  Kandiah M, (1984). Malnutrition in malaria endemic village of Bengkoka. Jornal of tropical pediatrics. 5 (30)78.
 
[7]  Margaret A. and Katherine M. (2008). Anthropometric reference data for children and adult: United States, 2003-2006. National Health Statistics reports, No. 10, October, 22, 2008.
 
[8]  Musaiger A.O. (1993). The state of food and nutrition in Bahrain Saudia Arabia, UNICEF. Gulf area office. 1st edition, Bahrain public libray, No. L.D, 1403/93.
 
[9]  Prista A., Maia J.A., Damasceno A. and Beunen G.(2003). Anthropometric indicators of nutritional status: implications for fitness, activity, and health in school-age children and adolescents from Maputo, Mozambique. Am J Clin Nutr April. 77 (4) 952-959.
 
[10]  Onis M, Onyango AW, Borghi E, Garza C, Yang H. (2006); World Health Organization, Multicentre Growth Reference Study Group. Comparison of the World Health Organization(WHO) Child Growth Standards and the National Center for Health Statistics/WHO. international growth reference: implications for child health programmes. Public Health Nutr. 2006; 9(7):942-947.
 
[11]  Ottery F.D. (1996).Definition of standardized nutritional assessment and interventional pathways in oncology. Nutrition 12(suppl):S15-9.
 
[12]  Sachdev H.P.S. (1996). Assessing Child Malnutrition - Some Basic Issues. Nutritional Foundation of India archives 156. New Delhi: NFI.
 
[13]  Sauro J. (2004). What's a Z-Score and Why Use it in Usability Testing? Measuring Usability Quantitative Usability, Statistics & Six Sigma. September 17, 2004.
 
[14]  Simko, M.D,Cowell, C and Gilbride, J.A. (1995)Nutrition assessment: Acomprehensive guide for planningin tervention.2nd ed. Gaithersburg,MD:AspenPublishers.
 
[15]  Seetharaman N., Chacko T., Shankar S. and Mathew A. (2007) Measuring malnutrition -The role of Z scores and the composite index of anthropometric failure (CIAF). Original Article. Volume: 32 : 1: P: 35-39.
 
[16]  Tolonen H., Kuulasmaa K., Laatikainen T., Wolf H. and the European Health Risk Monitoring Project (2002). Recommendation for indicators, international collaboration, protocol and manual of operations for chronic disease risk factor surveys. European Health Risk Monitoring (EHRM). October 2002.
 
[17]  Victora CG, Adair L, Fall C, Hallal PC, Martorell R, Richter L, Sachdev HS(2008), for the Maternal and Child Undernutrition Study Group. Maternal and child undernutrition: consequences for adult health and human capital. Lancet 371:340-57.
 
[18]  World Health Organization.(1995). The use and interpretation of Anthropometry - Report of WHO Expert committee. WHO Tech Rep Series 854. WHO, Geneva. 1995.
 
[19]  World Health Organization (2010). Nutrition Landscape Information System (NLIS), Country profile indicators. Interpretation guide, WHO Library Cataloguing-in-Publication Data: ISBN 978 92 4 159995 5, NLM classification: QU 145. P:11.