American Journal of Food and Nutrition
ISSN (Print): 2374-1155 ISSN (Online): 2374-1163 Website: Editor-in-chief: Mihalis Panagiotidis
Open Access
Journal Browser
American Journal of Food and Nutrition. 2021, 9(2), 82-86
DOI: 10.12691/ajfn-9-2-4
Open AccessArticle

Blood Biochemical Parameters Exploration in Broilers and Local Chickens in Korhogo, Côte d’Ivoire

Baudouin Angoua KOKORE1, , Nahounou Mathieu BLEYERE2, Soualio KAMAGATE1 and Paul Angoué YAPO2

1Department of Animal Biology, Peleforo Gon Coulibaly University, Korhogo, Côte d'Ivoire

2Department of Physiology Pharmacology and Pharmacopoeia, Nangui Abrogoua University, Abidjan, Côte d'Ivoire

Pub. Date: May 19, 2021

Cite this paper:
Baudouin Angoua KOKORE, Nahounou Mathieu BLEYERE, Soualio KAMAGATE and Paul Angoué YAPO. Blood Biochemical Parameters Exploration in Broilers and Local Chickens in Korhogo, Côte d’Ivoire. American Journal of Food and Nutrition. 2021; 9(2):82-86. doi: 10.12691/ajfn-9-2-4


Serum biochemical profile provides valuable information about health and immune status of animals. These biochemical parameters values are influenced by species, age, sex, season, geographic region, nutrition and physiological conditions. The aim of the work is to explore the blood biochemical parameters of broilers and local chickens for consumption in the city of Korhogo. To do this, a venous blood sample was taken from 64 chickens, including 32 local chickens and 32 broiler seemingly healthy chickens for the biochemical tests. The mean values of glucose and phosphorus are within the international reference ranges. In contrast, total protein was higher and uric acid and calcium were below these ranges for both groups of chickens. ASAT (Aspartate aminotransferase) levels were significantly higher in females of local chickens than in males. In contrast, uric acid and phosphorus levels were higher in males than in females in both groups of chicken. Hypocalcemia was observed in all local chickens. Some parameters are within the reference ranges and others are not. They are generally higher in broilers than in local chickens.

biochemical parameters local chicken broilers Korhogo

Creative CommonsThis work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. To view a copy of this license, visit


[1]  Etim, N.N., Williams, M.E., Akpabio, U. and Offiong, E.A. Haematological parameters and factors affecting their values. Agricultural Science, 2, (1), 37-47. February 2014.
[2]  Saqib, M.N., Qureshi, M.S., Khan, R.U. Changes in postpartum metabolites and resumption of ovarian cyclicity in primiparous and multiparous dairy cows. Appl Biol Chem, 61, 107-111. January 2018.
[3]  Henny, J. Etablissement et validation des intervalles de référence au laboratoire de biologie médicale. Annales de Biologie Clinique, 69, (02), 229-237. April 2011.
[4]  Islam, M.S., Lucky, N.S., Islam, M.R., Ahad, A., Das, B.R., Rahman, M.M. and Siddiui, M.S.I. Haematological parameters of fayoumi, assil and local chickens reared in Sylhet region in Bangladesh. International Journal of Poultry Science, 3, 144-147. March 2004.
[5]  Nosike, R.J., Ukwu, H.O., Ezike, J.C., Amaefule, R.A., Nwakpu, O.F., Obi, O.C., Onunkwo, D.N., Obike, O.M. and Chukwu, B.C. Effect of genotype on haematology and biochemical parameters of f1 local chicken in the humid tropical environment. Nigeria Agriculture Journal, 48, (1), 242-248. November 2017.
[6]  N’Goran, K.E., Loukou, N.E., Dago, D.N., Ouattara, D., Sidibé, M., Vanga, A.F. Characteristics of village chicken production in farming system in Côte d’Ivoire: case of Korhogo area. International Journal of Environmental & Agriculture Research, 2, 1, 78-85. January 2016.
[7]  Ladokun, A.O., Yakubu, A., Otite, J.R., Omeje, J.N., Sokunbi, O.A. and Onyeji, E. Haematological and serum biochemical indices of naked neck and normally feathered Nigerian indigenous chickens in a sub humid tropical environment. Int. J. Poult. Sci. 7, (1), 55-58. January 2008.
[8]  Meluzzi, A., Primiceri, G., Giordani, R., and Fabris, G. Determination of blood constituents reference values in broilers. Poultry Science, 71, 337-345. February 1992.
[9]  Talebi, A., Asri-Rezaei, S., Rozeh-Chai, R. and Sahraei, R. Comparative Studies on Haematological Values of Broiler Strains (Ross, Cobb, Arbor-acres and Arian). International Journal of Poultry Science, 4, (8), 573-579. August 2005.
[10]  Elagib, H.A.A. and Ahmed, A.D.A. Comparative Study on Haematological Values of Blood of Indigenous Chickens in Sudan. Asian Journal of Poultry Science, 5, 41-45. January 2011.
[11]  Ibrahim, A. Hematological and some biochemical values of indigenous chickens in Al-Ahsa, Saudi Arabia during summer season. Asian J. Poult. Sci., 6, (4), 138-145. April 2012.
[12]  Hochleithner, M. (2013) Chapter 11: Biochemistries. In: Avian medicine online, by Harrison’s bird foods: 223-245. accessed 15/03/2021.
[13]  Clinical Diagnostic Division. Veterinary Reference Guide: A Summary of Reference Intervals for use with KODAK AKTACHEM Products. Eastman Kodak Company, Rochester, NY., USA, 1990.
[14]  Minafra, C.S., Marques, S.F.F., Stringhini, J.H., Ulhoa, C.J., de Rezende, C.S.M., Santos, J.S., de Moraes, G.H.K. Biochemichal serum profile of broilers fed diets suplemented with alfa-amylase from Cryptococcus flavus and Aspergillus niger HM2003. R. Bras. Zootec., 39, 12, 2691-2696. January 2010.
[15]  Simaraks, S., Chinrasri, O. and Aengwanich, W. Hematological, electrolyte and serum biochemical values of the Thai indigenous chickens (Gallus domesticus) in northeastern, Thailand. Songklanakarin J. Sci. Technol., 26, 3, 426-430. January 2004.
[16]  Mohanty, S., GayatriAcharya, S.M. Comparative haematology and biochemical parametrs of indigenous and broiler chicken. International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research, 9, 04, 972-979. April 2020.
[17]  Bora, S., Gurram, S., Sagi, R., Tungani, R., Kandula, S. and Bobbili, R. Effect of Sex on Hemato Biochemical Parameters of Indigenous Chicken Breeds in Telangana State. International Journal of Livestock Research, 7, (10), 231-237. October 2017.
[18]  Abdi-Hachesoo, B., Talebi, A. and Asri-Rezaei, S. Comparative study on blood profiles of indigenous and Ross-308 broiler breeders. Global Veterinaria, 7, (3), 238-241. January 2011.
[19]  Bowes, V.A., Julian, R.J. and Stirtzinger, T. Comparison of serum biochemical profiles of male broilers with female broilers and white leghorn chickens. Can J Vet Res, 53, 7-11. January 1989.
[20]  Ritchie, B. W., Harrison, J.G. and Harrison, R.L. Avian Medicine: Principe and application. Winger’s Publishing, Inc, Florida, USA. 1994.
[21]  Tóthová, C., Sesztáková, E., Bielik, B., Nagy, O. Changes of total protein and protein fractions in broiler chickens during the fattening period. Veterinary World, 12, (4), 598-604. April 2019.
[22]  Tóthová, C.S., Nagy, O. and Kováč, G. Serum proteins and their diagnostic utility in veterinary medicine: A review. Vet. Med., 61, (9), 475-496. September 2016.
[23]  Skeldon, N. Interpreting protein electrophoresis in practice. In Pract., 40, (5), 183-193. May 2018.
[24]  Hernawan, E., Wahyuni, S., Suprapti, H. The levels of blood glucose, triglyceride, final body weight and abdominal fat percentage of broiler under sex-separated and straight run rearing system, Lucrări Ştiinţifice Seria Zootehnie, 57, 28-33. May 2012.
[25]  Duke, G.E. Alimentary Canal: Secretion and digestion, special digestive functions, and absorption. In:Sturkie P.D. (eds) Avian Physiology. (pp. 289-302). Springer, New York, USA.1986.
[26]  Pousga, S., Boly, H., Linderberg, J.E., Ogle, B. Scavenging pullets in Burkina Faso: Effect of season, location and breed on feed and nutrient intake. Trop. Anim. Health Prod., 37, 623-634. November 2005.
[27]  do Vale, M.M., Klein, D.R., Branco, T. and dos Santos, M.P. Glycemic response of poultries in different feeding systems. Acta Scientiarum. Animal Sciences, 41, e43148,1-5. September 2018.
[28]  Kawasaki, T., Iwasaki, T., Ohya, I., Hasegawa, Y., Noguchi, M. and Watanabe, T. Effects of Sampling and Storage Method on Chicken Blood Glucose Measurement, J. Poult. Sci., 57, 241-245. July 2020.
[29]  Mahmud, M., Maidala, A., Dantata, I.J., and Turaki, H. Blood Profile and Serum Biochemical Parameters of Broiler Chickens Fed Three Local Sorghum Varieties Grown in Bauchi State. International Journal of Chemistry and Chemical Processes, 2, 1, 35-40. January 2016.
[30]  Makanjuola, B.A, Obi, O.O, Olorungbohunmi, T.O, Morakinyo, O.A, Oladele-Bukola, M.O. and Boladuro, B.A. Effect of Moringa oleifera leaf meal as a substitute for antibiotics on the performance and blood parameters of broiler chickens. Livestock Research for Rural Development. 26. 2014. Article #144. Retrieved April 14, 2021, from
[31]  Basit, M.A., Kadir, A.A., Loh, T.C., Aziz, S.A., Salleh, A., Kaka, U. and Idris, S.B. Effects of Inclusion of Different Doses of Persicaria odorata Leaf Meal (POLM) in Broiler Chicken Feed on Biochemical and Haematological Blood Indicators and Liver Histomorphological Changes. Animals, 10, (1209), 1-18. July 2020.
[32]  Karen, L.R., Interpreting Avian Biochemistry Panels. 2019. biochemistry-panels Access 14/04/2021.
[33]  KRALJEVIĆ, P., ŚIMPRAGA, M. and VILIĆ, M. Aminotransferase activity in chicken blood plasma after application of a lethal activity of 32p. Acta Veterinaria, 58, (2-3), 203-210. April 2008.
[34]  Cruz, C.E.B., Freitas, E.R., Braz, N.M., Salles, R.P.R. and da Silva, I.N.G. Blood parameters and enzymatic and oxidative activity in the liver of chickens fed with calcium anacardate. Rev. Ciênc. Agron., 49, 2, 343-352. June 2018.
[35]  Odunitan-Wayas, F., Kolanisi, U., Chimonyo, M. Haematological and Serum Biochemical Responses of Ovambo Chickens Fed Provitamin A Biofortified Maize. [online]. June 2018, 20, 3, 425-434.
[36]  Ibrahim, A., Aliyu, J., Abdu, M., Hassan, A. Effects of age and sex on serum biochemistry values of turkeys (Meleagris gallopavo) reared in the semi-arid environment of Nigeria. World Applied Sciences Journal, 16, (3), 433-436. January 2012.
[37]  Schoulten, N.A, Teixeira, A.S., Bertechini, A.G., De Freitas, R.T.F., Conte, A.J., Silva, H.O. Effect of the levels of calcium on the uptake of minerals in starter diets for broiler chickens suplemented with phytase. Ciênc. agrotec., Lavras., 26, 6, 1313-1321. June 2002.
[38]  Veum, T.L. (2010). Phosphorus and calcium nutrition and metabolism D.M.S.S. Vitti, E. Kebreab (Eds.), Phosphorus and Calcium Utilization and Requirements in Farm Animals, (pp. 94-111) CAB International, Oxfordshire, UK.
[39]  Driver, J.P., Pesti, G.M., Bakalli, R.I., Edwards H.M. Calcium requirements of the modern broiler chicken as influenced by dietary protein and age. Poultry Science, 84, 1629-1639. October 2005.