American Journal of Food and Nutrition
ISSN (Print): 2374-1155 ISSN (Online): 2374-1163 Website: Editor-in-chief: Mihalis Panagiotidis
Open Access
Journal Browser
American Journal of Food and Nutrition. 2019, 7(3), 94-106
DOI: 10.12691/ajfn-7-3-4
Open AccessArticle

Globalization of Food Choices Negatively Impacting Sustainability of Traditional Food Systems: A Case of Uttarakhand Hills in North-western India

I.S. Bisht1, 2,

1Bithoria No.1, Amritashram, Haldwani (Uttarakhand)-263139, India

2Ex-Principal Scientist & Professor, ICAR-NBPGR, New Delhi-110012, India

Pub. Date: October 18, 2019

Cite this paper:
I.S. Bisht. Globalization of Food Choices Negatively Impacting Sustainability of Traditional Food Systems: A Case of Uttarakhand Hills in North-western India. American Journal of Food and Nutrition. 2019; 7(3):94-106. doi: 10.12691/ajfn-7-3-4


The food we eat, being a primary source of both macro- and micronutrients, plays a huge role in our ability to keep our overall health and well-being in balance. It is also an essential component that links nutrition, agriculture, and ecology in the eco-nutrition framework. A better understanding of the relationships between food systems and human nutrition may offer opportunities for improving community health that are currently overlooked. The present communication presents the results of exploratory surveys on impact of globalization in contemporary food choices of Uttarakhand hills and potential role of native diversity in sustainable food and nutritional security on native communities with enabling policy support. A comparative assessment of rural-urban divide in terms of dietary choices and health have been discussed in view of advocating eco-nutrition model for a healthy human nutrition through biodiverse agriculture.

eco-nutrition food-based approach to community nutrition and health globalization of food choices traditional food systems nutrition transition

Creative CommonsThis work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. To view a copy of this license, visit


[1]  Heywood VH., Overview of agricultural biodiversity and its contribution to nutrition and health. In: Jessica F., Hunter D., Borelli T., and Mattei F. (eds), Diversifying food and diets: Using agricultural biodiversity to improve nutrition and health. London & New York: Routledge, Taylor & Francis Group, 2013.
[2]  Fanzo J., Hunter D., Borelli T., Mattei F. (eds), Diversifying food and diets: Using agricultural biodiversity to improve nutrition and health. Routledge, Abingdon, Oxon, OX14 4RN, 2013.
[3]  FAO, Globalization of food systems in developing countries: impact on food security and nutrition. FAO Food and Nutrition Paper, 2004, p: 83.
[4]  Blasbalg T.L., Wispelwey B., Deckelbaum R.J., Econutrition and Utilization of Food-Based Approaches for Nutritional Health. Food and Nutrition Bulletin 32 (1 Suppl): S4-13, 2011.
[5]  DeClerck F.A.J., Fanzo J., Palm C., Remans R., Ecological approaches to human nutrition. Food and Nutrition Bulletin 32 (Suppl.1): 41S-50S. 2011.
[6]  Nakhauka E,B., Agricultural biodiversity for food and nutrient security: The Kenyan perspective. International Journal of Biodiversity and Conservation 1: 208-14. 2009.
[7]  IAASTD (International Assessment of Agricultural Knowledge, Science and Technology for Development), Agriculture at a crossroads, international assessment of agricultural knowledge, science and technology for development: Global report. Washington DC: Island Press, 2009.
[8]  Hinrichs C.C., Embeddedness and local food systems: Notes on two types of direct agricultural market. Journal of Rural Studies 16(3), 295-303. 2000.
[9]  Feenstra G.W., Local food systems and sustainable communities. American Journal of Alternative Agriculture 12(1): 28-36. 1997.
[10]  Jones A., An Environmental Assessment of Food Supply Chains: A Case Study on Dessert Apples. Environmental Management 30(4): 560-576. 2002.
[11]  Achaya K.T., The Story of Our Food. Universities Press. 2003.
[12]  Dewan M.L., Singh K., Rautela, P., People's Movement for Himalayan Rejuvenation. Concept Publishing Company. pp. 93. ISBN 978-81-7022-815-8. 2001.
[13]  Bisht I.S., Mehta P.S., Negi K.S., Verma S.K., Tyagi R.K., Garkoti S.C., Farmers’ rights, local food systems and sustainable household dietary diversification: A case of Uttarakhand Himalaya in north-western India. Agroecology and Sustainable Food Systems 42:73-113. 2018.
[14]  Bisht I.S., Mehta P.S., Verma S.K., Negi K.S., Traditional Land and Food Systems: A Case of Uttarakhand State in North-western Indian Himalayas. Indian Journal of Plant Genetic Resources 31: 215-230. 2018.
[15]  Bisht I.S., Local food and healthy eating for wholesome life: Some policy considerations. In: Nicholls M., Iyer K. (eds), Encyclopaedia of Renewable and Sustainable Materials. Elsevier Ltd. (In press).
[16]  Bisht I.S., Mehta P.S., Negi, K.S., Rawat, R., Singh R., Garkoti S.C., Wild plant food resources in agricultural systems of Uttarakhand hills in India and its potential role in combating malnutrition and enhancing human health. Journal of Food Science and Toxicology 2:3. 2017.
[17]  Fukuoka M., The one straw revolution: An introduction to natural farming. Rodale Press: Emmaus. (Originally published as Shizen Noho Wara Ippon No Kakumei by Hakujusha Co. Ltd., Tokyo, Japan, 1975). 1978.
[18]  Isha Foundation, A taste of well-being: Sadhguru’s insights for your gastronomics. Harper Element, HarperCollins Publishers, Noida, India. 2016.
[19]  Bharucha Z., Pretty J., The roles and values of wild foods in agricultural systems. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, September 27, 365: 2913-2926. 2010.
[20]  Burlingame B., Charrondiere R., Mouille B., Food composition is fundamental to the cross-cutting initiative on biodiversity for food and nutrition. J FOOD COMPOST ANAL, 22: 361-365. 2009.
[21]  Coates J., Rogers B.L., Webb, P., Maxwell D., Houser R. et al., Diet diversity study, world food programme. Rome: Emergency Needs Assessment S,ervice (ODAN). 2007.
[22]  Kuhnlein H.V., Erasmus B., Spigelsk D. (eds), Indigenous peoples’ food systems: The many dimensions of culture, diversity and environment for nutrition and health. Rome, Italy: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. 012/i0370e/i0370e.pdf. 2009.
[23]  Demi S., Indigenous food cultures: Pedagogical implications of environmental education. Colloquium Paper No. 2, Global governance/politics, climate justice and agrarian/social justice: Linkages and challenges, An international colloquium. 2016.
[24]  Devine C.M., Connors M.M., Sobal J., Bisogni C.A., Sandwiching it in: spillover of work onto food choices and family roles in low- and moderate-income urban households. Social Science and Medicine 56: 617-630. 2003.
[25]  Anderson A., Hetherington M., Adamson A., The Development of and Evaluation of a Novel School Based Intervention to Increase Fruit and Vegetable Intake in Children (Five a Day the Bash Street Way), N09003. Report for the FSA. Food Standards Agency, London. 2003.
[26]  Faugier J., Lancaster J., Pickles D., Dobson K.. Barriers to healthy eating in the nursing profession: Part 2. Nursing Standard 15(37):33-35. 2001.
[27]  Stubbs R.J., Van Wyk M.C., Johnstone A.M., Harbron C.G., Breakfasts high in protein, fat or carbohydrate: effect on within-day appetite and energy balance. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition 50: 409-417. 1996.
[28]  Irala-Estevez J.D., Groth M., Johansson L., Oltersdorf U., Prattala R., Martinez-Gonzalez M.A., A systematic review of socio-economic differences in food habits in Europe: consumption of fruit and vegetables. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition. 54(9):706-14. 2000.
[29]  Dibsdall L.A., Lambert N., Bobbin R.F., Frewer L.J., Low-income consumers' attitudes and behaviour towards access, availability and motivation to eat fruit and vegetables. Public Health Nutrition 6 (2):159-168. 2003.
[30]  Kearney M., Kearney J., Dunne A., Gibney M., Sociodemographic determinants of perceived influences on food choice in a nationally representative sample of Irish adults. Public Health Nutrition 3(2):219-226. 2000.
[31]  De Almeida M.D., Graça P., Lappalainen R., Giachetti I., Kafatos A., Remaut de Winter A., Kearney J.M., Sources used and trusted by nationally-representative adults in the European Union for information on healthy eating. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition 51:S8-15. 1997.
[32]  Oliver G., Wardle J., Perceived effects of stress on food choice. Physiology and Behavior 66:511-515. 1999.
[33]  Wardle J., Steptoe A., Oliver G., Lipsey Z., Stress, dietary restraint and food intake. Journal of Psychosomatic Research 48: 195-202. 2000.
[34]  Gibney M.J., European consumers’ attitudes and beliefs about safe and nutritious foods: concepts, barriers and benefits. In: Proceedings of the International Food Conference: ‘Thinking beyond tomorrow’ held in Dublin June’04, 2004.
[35]  Thompson B., Amoroso L. (eds), Improving diets and nutrition: Food-based approaches. The FAO of United Nations & CABI, 403p. ISBN 978-1-78064-299-4 (CABI: hbk), ISBN 978-9251073193 (FAO), 2014.
[36]  Latham M.C., Perspective on Nutritional Problems in Developing Countries: Nutrition Security through Community Agriculture. In: Thompson, B., Amoroso, L. (eds), Improving diets and nutrition: Food-based approaches. The FAO of United Nations & CABI, pp. 1-7, 2014.
[37]  Pinstrup-Anderson P., Food Systems and Human Nutrition: Relationships and Policy Interventions. In: Thompson, B., Amoroso, L. (eds), Improving diets and nutrition: Food-based approaches. The FAO of United Nations & CABI, pp. 8-18, 2014.
[38]  Bisht I.S., 2018. Food-based Approaches towards Community Nutrition and Health: A case of Uttarakhand Hills in North-Western India. Journal of Food Science and Toxicology 2:5.
[39]  Bisht I.S., Pandravada S.R., Rana J.C., Malik S.K., Singh A., Singh P.B., Ahmed F., Bansal K.C., Subsistence farming, agrobiodiversity and sustainable agriculture: A case study. Agroecology and Sustainable Food Systems 38: 890-912. 2014.