American Journal of Energy Research
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American Journal of Energy Research. 2017, 5(3), 63-78
DOI: 10.12691/ajer-5-3-1
Open AccessArticle

Numerical Modelling of an H-type Darrieus Wind Turbine Performance under Turbulent Wind

Ahmed Ahmedov1 and K. M. Ebrahimi2,

1Thermotechnics, Hydraulics and Ecology, University of Ruse, Ruse, Bulgaria

2Aeronautical and Automotive Engineering, Loughborough University, Loughborough, UK

Pub. Date: November 14, 2017

Cite this paper:
Ahmed Ahmedov and K. M. Ebrahimi. Numerical Modelling of an H-type Darrieus Wind Turbine Performance under Turbulent Wind. American Journal of Energy Research. 2017; 5(3):63-78. doi: 10.12691/ajer-5-3-1

Abstract

This paper presents the force interaction between fluid flow and a rotating H-type Darrieus vertical axis wind turbine. The main goal of this study is to determine the wind rotor’s performance characteristics under turbulent wind: torque M = f (n), normal force FN = f (n), output power P = f (n) and the aerodynamic characteristics CM = f (λ), CN = f (λ), CP = f (λ). The flow passing through the turbine has a complex structure due to the rotation of the rotor. The constantly changing angular position of the turbine’s blades is leading to a variation in the blades angle of attack. This angle can vary from positive to negative values in just a single turbine revolution. The constant fluctuations of the angle of attack are the main factor which leads to the unsteady nature of the flow passing through the turbine. At low tip-speed ratios, the phenomena deep dynamic stall occurs which leads to intensive eddy generation. When the turbine is operating at higher tip-speed ratio the flow is mainly attached to the blades and the effect of the dynamic stall over the turbine performance is from weak to none. The Darrius turbine performance characteristics are obtained through a numerical investigation carried out for several tip-speed ratios. The used CFD technique is based upon the URANS approach for solving the Navier-Stokes equations in combination with the turbulence model k – ω SST. Also, a numerical sensitive study concerning some of the simulation parameters is carried out.

Keywords:
H-Darrieus VAWT CFD modelling turbulence models performance characteristics aerodynamic characteristics

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