American Journal of Epidemiology and Infectious Disease
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American Journal of Epidemiology and Infectious Disease. 2016, 4(3), 47-63
DOI: 10.12691/ajeid-4-3-2
Open AccessArticle

A Comparative Study on Hepatitis B Surface Antigen Seroprevalence between Outpatients in Public and Private Hospitals within Kaduna Metropolis Nigeria

Waje Timothy1, , Muhammad Yusha’u2, Dadah Anthony1 and Maikaje Dominic Bawa1

1Department of Microbiology, Faculty of Science, Kaduna State University, P.M.B.2339, Kaduna, Nigeria

2Department of Microbiology, Faculty of Science, Bayero University P.M.B. 3011 Kano, Nigeria

Pub. Date: August 15, 2016

Cite this paper:
Waje Timothy, Muhammad Yusha’u, Dadah Anthony and Maikaje Dominic Bawa. A Comparative Study on Hepatitis B Surface Antigen Seroprevalence between Outpatients in Public and Private Hospitals within Kaduna Metropolis Nigeria. American Journal of Epidemiology and Infectious Disease. 2016; 4(3):47-63. doi: 10.12691/ajeid-4-3-2

Abstract

Viral hepatitis which is characterized by inflammation and damage to the liver due to prolong infections by Hepatitis viruses is a rising global problem, especially in developing countries including Nigeria. Over 350 million people suffer chronically from Hepatitis B Virus infection. Hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg), though disappears after six months in acute cases, is a marker for the Hepatitis B Virus in chronic infections. Three hundred Outpatients in six hospitals were sampled in this study. One hundred and fifty samples were collected in equal proportion from outpatients in 3 public hospitals and the other 150 samples from 3 private hospitals within the Kaduna metropolis respectively. They were screened for HBsAg which is a marker for HBV infections. A prevalence rate of 9.33% was obtained among outpatients in public hospitals and 10.67% among those in private hospitals. This prevalence rates were both categorized as high based on the World Health Organization endemicity classification for HBV infections. There were significant associations between Rhesus factor (), sharing of clothes or beddings infected persons (), persons from positive family history (), Individual level of education () and seropositivity for HBsAg. These were observed as potential risk factors among outpatients in private hospitals. On the other hand there were no significant associations between the risks factors above and HBsAg seroprevalence among outpatients in public hospitals.

Keywords:
Comparative Hepatitis B Virus Hepatitis B surface Antigen Seroprevalence Public Hospitals Private Hospitals Kaduna Nigeria

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