American Journal of Epidemiology and Infectious Disease
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American Journal of Epidemiology and Infectious Disease. 2015, 3(2), 28-31
DOI: 10.12691/ajeid-3-2-2
Open AccessArticle

The Epidemiology of Trichomonas vaginalis, Gardnerella vaginalis and Candida albicans Co- Infections in Women Attending the Yaounde University Teaching Hospital

Dickson Shey Nsagha1, , Denis Zofou2, Jules Clement Nguedia Assob3, Anna Longdoh Njunda3, Che Denis Nchang3, Neville MvoNgum3, Weledji Elroy Patrick4 and Ngowe Ngowe Marcelin4

1Department of Public Health and Hygiene, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Buea

2Biotechnology Unit, Faculty of Science, University of Buea

3Department of Medical Laboratory Sciences, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Buea

4Department of Surgery, Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Buea, Buea, Cameroon

Pub. Date: April 27, 2015

Cite this paper:
Dickson Shey Nsagha, Denis Zofou, Jules Clement Nguedia Assob, Anna Longdoh Njunda, Che Denis Nchang, Neville MvoNgum, Weledji Elroy Patrick and Ngowe Ngowe Marcelin. The Epidemiology of Trichomonas vaginalis, Gardnerella vaginalis and Candida albicans Co- Infections in Women Attending the Yaounde University Teaching Hospital. American Journal of Epidemiology and Infectious Disease. 2015; 3(2):28-31. doi: 10.12691/ajeid-3-2-2

Abstract

Background: Vulvovaginitis is one of the most common problems in health care delivery, and constitutes one of the main purpose that drive women for obstetrics and gynecological consultations in developing countries. Purpose: To determine the prevalence of Gardnerellavaginitis, Candidaalbicans and Trichomonasvaginalis co-infection among women and to investigate the contributions of some socioeconomic factors on these infections. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted from March to July 2013 on 249 women attending the University Teaching Hospital Center Yaoundé, Cameroon for gynecological, antenatal, and post natalreasons. The detection of Gardnerellavaginalis, Candidaalbicans and Trichomonasvaginalis was done microscopically using vaginal swabs. A structured questionnaires was used to collect participants` socioeconomic data. Data was analysed on SPSS. Results: 68.7% of the participants had genital infections including 41.0% forGardnerellavaginalis, 26.5% for Candidaalbicans, and 1.2% for Trichomonasvaginalis. Non-pregnant women had statiscally higher prevalence than pregnant women (P < 0.01). Women between 26-40 years had the highest prevalence of each pathogen, although this was not statistically significant. Prevalence was found to be significantly higher with increasing education although women with secondary education were found to have significant values than those with post-secondary education (P < 0.01).Conclusion: The high prevalence of genital infections warrants the implementation of constant health education and sensitization especially among women of child bearing age who are at risk of preterm labor or birth and low birth weight. Epidemiological analytical studies are necessary in this environment to shade more light on risk factors and control strategies.

Keywords:
Gardnerellavaginalis Candidaalbicans Trichomonasvaginalis gynecology socioeconomic

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