American Journal of Epidemiology and Infectious Disease
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American Journal of Epidemiology and Infectious Disease. 2015, 3(1), 10-14
DOI: 10.12691/ajeid-3-1-2
Open AccessArticle

Impact of Hypertonic Lactated Saline Resuscitation on Serum Interleukin-6 (IL-6) Level in Pediatric Severe Sepsis/Septic Shock in Developing Country

Herdiana Elizabeth Situmorang1, , Dadang Hudaya Somasetia1 and Heda Melinda Nataprawira1

1Department of Child Health, Hasan Sadikin General Hospital-Universitas Padjadjaran, Bandung, Indonesia

Pub. Date: March 05, 2015

Cite this paper:
Herdiana Elizabeth Situmorang, Dadang Hudaya Somasetia and Heda Melinda Nataprawira. Impact of Hypertonic Lactated Saline Resuscitation on Serum Interleukin-6 (IL-6) Level in Pediatric Severe Sepsis/Septic Shock in Developing Country. American Journal of Epidemiology and Infectious Disease. 2015; 3(1):10-14. doi: 10.12691/ajeid-3-1-2

Abstract

Background: Fluid rescucitation with normal saline (NS) could aggravate IL-6 production. Our objective was to compare impact of small volume resuscitation hypertonic lactated saline (HLS) versus NS in pediatric severe sepsis/septic shock in developing country hospital setting. The primary endpoint was the decrease of serum IL-6 level after 6 and 12 hours fluid resuscitation. The secondary endpoint was fluid overload. Methodology and principal findings: A pre- and post-design, repeated measure study including 30 severe sepsis/septic shock children was conducted in Hasan Sadikin Hospital Bandung, Indonesia. Newly diagnosed severe sepsis/septic shock children (>12−168 months old) were eligible. Patients were resuscitated with either HLS (bolus of 5 mL/kgBW, repeated if no response and followed with 1 mL/kgBW/hour for 12 hours), or NS (bolus of 20 mL/kgBW, repeated if no response and followed with maintenance fluid requirement). If shock persisted inotropes and/or cathecolamine were commenced. There were no significant difference of serum IL-6 levels between groups over time (p=0.183). HLS group had significant lower fluid balance than NS group (p<0.001). Conclusions: There was no impact of HLS on serum IL-6 levels after 6 and 12 hours fluid resuscitation. As lower fluid overload observed in HLS group, HLS solution may likely to be a promising fluid for resuscitation in severe sepsis/septic shock children.

Keywords:
children hypertonic lactated saline interleukin-6 normal saline septic shock severe sepsis

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