American Journal of Epidemiology and Infectious Disease
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American Journal of Epidemiology and Infectious Disease. 2014, 2(1), 41-46
DOI: 10.12691/ajeid-2-1-8
Open AccessArticle

Comprehensive Knowledge and Practices about Sexually Transmitted Infections among Young Married Rural Women in South India

Rejoice Puthuchira Ravi1, and Ravishankar Athimulam Kulasekaran2

1IRHD, Kottayam, Kerala, India

2Department of Population Studies, Annamalai University, Chidhambaram, Tamilnadu, India

Pub. Date: January 24, 2014

Cite this paper:
Rejoice Puthuchira Ravi and Ravishankar Athimulam Kulasekaran. Comprehensive Knowledge and Practices about Sexually Transmitted Infections among Young Married Rural Women in South India. American Journal of Epidemiology and Infectious Disease. 2014; 2(1):41-46. doi: 10.12691/ajeid-2-1-8

Abstract

Sexually transmitted infections are now recognized as a serious global threat to the health of populations. Adolescents and young adults (15-24) are the age groups at the greatest risk for acquiring sexually transmitted infections (STIs) and 3 million become infected each year. These infections and diseases can have severe consequences, especially in women, if not treated. The aim of this study was to assess the comprehensive knowledge and practices about sexually transmitted infections among young married scheduled castes women in rural areas of Thiruvarur district of Tamilnadu state in India. A community based cross-sectional study was conducted in 28 villages selected using multistage sampling technique for selecting 605 women in the age group of 15-24 years during July 2010-April 2011. Data analysis was by use of Statistical Package for Social Sciences version-17, with statistical significance set at p-value of 0.05. The result shows that only 37.9% of women had knowledge about STIs. Nearly 8.8% of women had experienced STIs among study population. Majority of the scheduled caste women had the tendency of seeking treatment for their infection problems (77.4%). The women in households in the highest standard of living index (SLI) were more likely to receive STIs (100%) than women in households in the lowest SLI (72.7%). Birth order had a negative influence on treatment seeking behaviour for STIs. The higher birth order pregnancies were less likely to receive treatment for sexually transmitted infections (66.7%) than lower birth order pregnancies (90%). It concludes that, most of the women do not seek treatment until discomfort is quite high because of women tend to consider many symptoms as normal, feeling of shy and lack of female health workers in health care centers. The low socio-economic status of women appears to have influence on high rate of infection. Education and health care efforts should be implemented to improve the sexual health of young people in rural areas of Tamilnadu state.

Keywords:
scheduled castes sexually transmitted infections standard of living index treatment seeking behaviour young women

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