American Journal of Epidemiology and Infectious Disease
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American Journal of Epidemiology and Infectious Disease. 2020, 8(1), 1-4
DOI: 10.12691/ajeid-8-1-1
Open AccessArticle

Human Respiratory Syncytial Virus and Hospitalization of Young Children with Lower Respiratory Tract Infection in Marrakech, Morocco

Naima Daoudi1, 2, , Hajar Saffour2, Ghizlane Draiss3, Nourreddine Rada3, Mohammed Bouskraoui3, 4, Mouaffak Youssef5, Younous Said5, 4, Fatiha Bennaoui6, Nadia El idrissi Sliline6, Fadl Mrabih Rabou Maouainine6 and Nabila Soraa2, 4

1Faculty of Medecine and Pharmacy, University of Ibn Zohr, Agadir, Morocco

2Laboratoy of Microbiology, Hospital Arrazi, CHU Mohammed VI, Marrakech, Morocco

3Service de Pediatrie A, Pole Mére Enfant, CHU Mohammed VI, Marrakech, Morocco

4Faculty of Medecine and Pharmacy, University of Caddi Ayad, Marrakech, Morocco

5Pediatric intensive care unit, Pole Mére Enfant, CHU Mohammed VI, Marrakech, Morocco

6Service de Neonatology, Pole Mére Enfant, CHU Mohammed VI, Marrakech, Morocco

Pub. Date: January 06, 2020

Cite this paper:
Naima Daoudi, Hajar Saffour, Ghizlane Draiss, Nourreddine Rada, Mohammed Bouskraoui, Mouaffak Youssef, Younous Said, Fatiha Bennaoui, Nadia El idrissi Sliline, Fadl Mrabih Rabou Maouainine and Nabila Soraa. Human Respiratory Syncytial Virus and Hospitalization of Young Children with Lower Respiratory Tract Infection in Marrakech, Morocco. American Journal of Epidemiology and Infectious Disease. 2020; 8(1):1-4. doi: 10.12691/ajeid-8-1-1

Abstract

Although respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) infection is one of the leading causes of Acute Lower Respiratory Tract Infections (ALRTI) and death in young children worldwide, little is known about the burden of this pathogen in Morroco. Our objectives is to determine the prevalence of RSV infection in children hospitalized with ALRTI. From January to Decembre 2018, nasopharyngeal swabs were collected from 217 children, not older than 24 months of age, and positively tested for RSV using a real-time PCR multiplex assay. From 217 of collected specimens, 49 were tested positively for RSV infection. Eighty four percent of collected samples were collected from children having an age under 6 months; female children were predominant (55.10%), median age was 3.6 months. Higher positivity rate was observed in February that typically features the coldest temperatures of the year (24 cases). In 21 cases RSV was co-detected with at least one of the others virus. Respiratory distress, pneumonia and bronchiolitis were the most common diagnoses of al hospital admissions. Our data demonstrated that RSV remains important viral etiological agent causing severe acute respiratory infections on infant in Marrakech.

Keywords:
acute lower respiratory infections children infants human respiratory syncytial virushospitalization

Creative CommonsThis work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. To view a copy of this license, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/

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