American Journal of Electrical and Electronic Engineering
ISSN (Print): 2328-7365 ISSN (Online): 2328-7357 Website: http://www.sciepub.com/journal/ajeee Editor-in-chief: Naima kaabouch
Open Access
Journal Browser
Go
American Journal of Electrical and Electronic Engineering. 2017, 5(2), 48-57
DOI: 10.12691/ajeee-5-2-3
Open AccessArticle

An Automated Irrigation System for Greenhouses

Hatem Elaydi1,

1Electrical Engineering Department, Islamic University of Gaza, Gaza, Palestine

Pub. Date: April 07, 2017

Cite this paper:
Hatem Elaydi. An Automated Irrigation System for Greenhouses. American Journal of Electrical and Electronic Engineering. 2017; 5(2):48-57. doi: 10.12691/ajeee-5-2-3

Abstract

Gaza Strip is a small region with limited agriculture land and water resources. Greenhouse technology allows farmers to optimize the use of this land. In this paper a computer-based control and monitoring system is designed and tested to automate drip irrigation. The model greenhouse can be used as a prototype where several sensors are connected to an acquisition and control system using a PC and a data acquisition card. The designed system can be used as a stand-alone system by lay farmers with no technical background where they can command full control through a screen command. The system is set up to handle several crops by using a user screen to adjust certain parameters on the front panel. A web server enables users to remotely monitor and control the greenhouse through VI's from any place in the world with internet access. Moreover, the system periodically generates alarms and automatically sends emails to notify users of the conditions inside greenhouse.

Keywords:
greenhouses automatic drip irrigation SCADA Gaza strip automation

Creative CommonsThis work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. To view a copy of this license, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/

References:

[1]  Richard G. Snyder (2017). “Environmental Control for Greenhouse Tomatoes,” Agricultural Communications, Extension Service of Mississippi State University, Publication no 17. Accessed March 27, 2017. http://extension.msstate.edu/sites/default/files/publications/publications/p1879.pdf.
 
[2]  British Columbia Ministry of Agriculture and Lands (2015). “Understanding Humidity Control in Greenhouses,” Greenhouse fact sheets.. Accessed March 27, 2017 http://www2.gov.bc.ca/assets/gov/farming-natural-resources-and-industry/agriculture-and-seafood/animal-and-crops/crop-production/understanding_humidity_control.pdf.
 
[3]  E.H. Simonne, M.D. Dukes, and L. Zotarelli (2010). “Principles and practices of irrigation management for vegetables,” Horticultural Sciences Dept., UF/IFAS, Fla. Coop. Ext. Serv., Publication no. AE260, Chapter 3, pp. 1-8.
 
[4]  R. Alimardani, P. Javadikia, A. Tabatabaeefar, M. Omid and M. Fathi (2009). “Implementation of On/Off Controller for Automation of Greenhouse Using LabVIEW,” Artificial Intelligence and Computational Intelligence, Lecture Notes in Computer Science, Vol. 5855, pp. 251-259, 2009.
 
[5]  M Nagarajapandian, U Ram Prasanth, G Selva Kumar, and S. Tamil Selvan (2015). “Automatic irrigation system on sensing soil moisture content,” International Journal of Innovative Research in Electrical, Electronics, Instrumentation and Control Engineering Vol. 3, Issue 1, pp. 96-98.
 
[6]  Cardenas-Lailhacar, B., & Dukes, M. D. (2012). “Soil moisture sensor landscape irrigation controllers: A review of multi-study results and future implications,” Trans. ASABE, Vol. 55, No. 2, 581-590.
 
[7]  B. Cardenas-Lailhacar and M. D. Dukes (2016). “Soil moisture sensors controlling irrigation with reclaimed water in landscapes; Part I: Field-plot study,” Applied Eng. Agric, Vol. 32, No. 2, pp.217-224.
 
[8]  D.D. Fang Meier, D.J. Garrote, F. Mansion, and S.H. Human (1990). “Automated irrigation systems using plant and soil sensors. in: visions of the future,” ASAE Publication 04-90. American Society of Agricultural Engineers, St. Joseph, Michigan, pp. 533-537.
 
[9]  Jess Stryker (2017). “Irrigation Tutorials”, Accessed March 27, 2017. http://www.irrigationtutorials.com/
 
[10]  G. Kavianand, V. M. Nivas, R. Kiruthika and S. Lalitha (2016). “Smart drip irrigation system for sustainable agriculture,” 2016 IEEE Technological Innovations in ICT for Agriculture and Rural Development (TIAR), Chennai, 2016, pp. 19-22.
 
[11]  Palestinian Central Bureau of Statistics (PCBS) (2016). Statistical Yearbook of Palestine, Palestine.
 
[12]  Y. Mogheir and M. Aiash (2013). “Evaluation of Gaza Strip Water Situation and Water National Plans Using International Water Poverty Index (WPI),” International Journal of Emerging Technology and Advanced Engineering, Vol. 3, Issue 9, pp 396-404.
 
[13]  Palestinian Water Authority (PWA) (2011). The Gaza Emergency Technical Assistance Programme (GETAP) on Water Supply to the Gaza Strip, The Comparative Study of Options for an Additional Supply of Water for the Gaza Strip (CSO-G), The Updated Final Report. Gaza Strip, Palestine.
 
[14]  Palestinian Water Authority (PWA) (2012). “Water Demand Management Plan and its Implication of the Water Resources Deficit on Gaza Strip,” Gaza Strip, Palestine.
 
[15]  Environment Quality Authority (EQA) (2016). “Initial National Communication report to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC),” Ramallah, Palestine, Accesed March 10, 2017. http://environment.pna.ps/ar/index.php?p=home.
 
[16]  Muñoz-Carpena, R., M.D. Dukes, YC. Li, and W. Klassen (2007), “Design and evaluation of a new controller for soil water-based irrigation control,” Applied Engineering in Agriculture, Vol. 24, No. 2, pp 183-191.
 
[17]  N. Vijay (2012). “Application of sensor networks in agriculture,” IET Chennai 3rd International on Sustainable Energy and Intelligent Systems (SEISCON 2012), Tiruchengode, 2012, pp. 1-6.
 
[18]  P. Ashok and K. Ashok (2011). “Microcontroller Based Drip Irrigation System,” International Journal & Magazine of Engineering, Technology, Management and Research, pp. 741-746.
 
[19]  D. N. Wavha, S. Ghumatkar, M. Giri, and N. Kumar (2014). “Water Management System for Agricultural Sector,” American International Journal of Research in Science, Technology, Engineering & Mathematics, Vol. 8, No. 2, pp. 137-142.
 
[20]  S. Bhutada, S. Shetty, R. Malye, V. Sharma, S. Ramamoorthy (2005). “Implementation of a fully automated greenhouse using SCADA tool like LabVIEW,” Proceedings, 2005 IEEE/ASME International Conference on Advanced Intelligent Mechatronics., Monterey, CA, pp. 741-746.
 
[21]  Ronald L. Krutz (2006). Securing SCADA Systems. Wiley Publishing, Inc., Indianapolis, USA.
 
[22]  J.M. Molina-Martinez and A Ruiz-Canales (2010), “Development of a SCADA system for irrigation programming and educational use in agriculture,” 2nd International Conference on Education and New Learning Technologies, Barcelona, Spain, 5-7 July, 2010.
 
[23]  J.M. Molina-Martínez and A. Ruiz-Canales (2010). “Development of a SCADA system for irrigation programming and educational use in agriculture,” EDULEARN10 Proceedings of 2nd International Conference on Education and New Learning Technologies, 5-7 July, 2010, Barcelona, Spain, pp. 4199-4210.
 
[24]  National Instruments .”Sharing Code with the LabVIEW Project Library,” 30 April 2008, available on line: http://zone.ni.com/devzone/cda/tut/p/id/4067.
 
[25]  National Instruments. “Overview of LabVIEW Data logging and Supervisory Control Module features,” 30 April 2008, available online: http://www.ni.com/swf/presentation/us/labview/newdsc/default.htm.
 
[26]  National Instruments. “Advanced Tips and Techniques in LabVIEW Remote Panels”, 30 April 2008, available on line: http://zone.ni.com/devzone/cda/tut/p/id/5154.
 
[27]  Jeffrey Travis, and Jim Kring(2006), LabVIEW for Everyone: Graphical Programming Made Easy and Fun, Third Edition, Prentice Hall.
 
[28]  Sharp GP2D12 distance measuring sensor, Specification Sheets, Accessed on March 7, 2016. https://engineering.purdue.edu/ME588/SpecSheets/sharp_gp2d12.pdf.
 
[29]  Texas Instruments, LM35 Temperature Sensor with Analog Output. Accessed March 14, 2016. http://www.ti.com/product/LM35.
 
[30]  AMT1001-module-Resistive-Temperature-Humidity-Sensor. Accessed March 15, 2016, http://s2.electrodragon.com/wp-content/uploads/2012/03/AMT1001-module-Resistive-Temperature-Humidity-Sensor.jpg.
 
[31]  C. Stanghellini, and T. De Jong (1995). “A model of humidity and its applications in a greenhouse,” Agriculture and Forest Meteor, Vol. 76, pp 129-140.
 
[32]  Electric water valve. Accessed on March 27, 2016. http://www.asco.com/ASCO%20Asset%20Library/asco-solenoid-valves-engineering-information.pdf.
 
[33]  12 V DC water pump. Accessed on March 27, 2016 http://yhpump.manufacturer.globalsources.com/si/6008843303127/pdtl/Mini-brushless/1133265429/12V-DC-Water-Pump.htm.
 
[34]  Building soil moisture sensor using noresta poles, Learning about electronics, “How to Build a Soil Moisture Sensor Circuit with an Arduino.” Accessed on March 27, 2016 http://www.learningaboutelectronics.com/Articles/Arduino-soil-moisture-sensor-circuit.php.
 
[35]  National Instrument, Data Acquisition card, DAQCard-6024E for PCMCIA, http://sine.ni.com/nips/cds/view/p/lang/en/nid/10969.