American Journal of Electrical and Electronic Engineering
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American Journal of Electrical and Electronic Engineering. 2014, 2(3), 62-66
DOI: 10.12691/ajeee-2-3-1
Open AccessArticle

A Novel Sierpinski Carpet Fractal Antenna with Improved Performances

Manas Ranjan Jena1, , B.B. Mangaraj1 and Rajiv Pathak2

1Veer Surendra Sai University of Technology, Burla, Odisha

2Deparment of Eltce, Bit, Chhatisgadh

Pub. Date: March 16, 2014

Cite this paper:
Manas Ranjan Jena, B.B. Mangaraj and Rajiv Pathak. A Novel Sierpinski Carpet Fractal Antenna with Improved Performances. American Journal of Electrical and Electronic Engineering. 2014; 2(3):62-66. doi: 10.12691/ajeee-2-3-1

Abstract

In modern wireless communication systems and increasing of other wireless applications, wider bandwidth, multiband and low profile antennas are in great demand for both commercial and military applications. This has initiated antenna research in various directions; one of them is using fractal shaped antenna elements. Traditionally, each antenna operates at a single or dual frequency bands, where different antenna is needed for different applications. This will cause a limited space and place problem. In order to overcome this problem, multiband antenna can be used where a single antenna can operate at many frequency bands. One technique to construct a multiband antenna is by applying fractal shape into antenna geometry. This project presents the Sierpinski carpet patch antenna where this famous shape, the antenna behaviors are investigated. In addition to the theoretical design procedure, numerical simulation was performed using software (CST) to obtain design parameters such as size of patch and feeding location. The antennas have been analyzed and designed by using the software CST Microwave Studio Suite.

Keywords:
fractal CST IFS multiband VSWR Bandwidth

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