American Journal of Electrical and Electronic Engineering
ISSN (Print): 2328-7365 ISSN (Online): 2328-7357 Website: http://www.sciepub.com/journal/ajeee Editor-in-chief: Naima kaabouch
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American Journal of Electrical and Electronic Engineering. 2020, 8(3), 91-97
DOI: 10.12691/ajeee-8-3-4
Open AccessCommunication

Characterization of Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplexing (OFDM) Communication Links

Rahmon Kamorudeen Adewale1, , Ogunti Erastus Olarewaju2 and Apena Waliu Olalekan2

1Electrical and Electronics Engineering, Federal University of Technology, Akure, Nigeria

2Computer Engineering, Federal University of Technology, Akure, Nigeria

Pub. Date: August 13, 2020

Cite this paper:
Rahmon Kamorudeen Adewale, Ogunti Erastus Olarewaju and Apena Waliu Olalekan. Characterization of Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplexing (OFDM) Communication Links. American Journal of Electrical and Electronic Engineering. 2020; 8(3):91-97. doi: 10.12691/ajeee-8-3-4

Abstract

The demand for high data rate transmission is rapidly increasing in the area of wireless communications and Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplexing (OFDM) is known to be a promising technique for high-rate transmission that can overcome the inter symbol interference (ISI) which results from the time dispersive nature of wireless channels. The idea is to utilize a number of carriers, spread regularly over a frequency band, in such a way so that the available bandwidth is utilized to maximal efficiency. This study presents the comparison of the performance of different modulation schemes: M-ary phase shift keying (M-PSK) and M-ary quadrature amplitude modulation (M-QAM) over Additive White Gaussian Noise (AWGN), Rayleigh and Rician multipath fading channels in OFDM system. Bit error rate (BER) was used to evaluate the performance of the system; the number of fast Fourier transform (FFT) points used during the transmission was also examined. The results showed that for all the channels, lower order modulation schemes perform better than the higher order schemes. This comes at the detriment of the data rate, as lower order schemes have lower data rates compared with their higher order counterparts. In addition, it was observed that the system performed better in AWGN channel than Rayleigh and Rician fading channels for all the modulation schemes used. It was observed that the number of FFT points used during the transmission do not have much effects on the performance of the system.

Keywords:
OFDM BER M-PSK M-QAM FFT AWGN channel Rayleigh channel Rician channel

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