American Journal of Cancer Prevention
ISSN (Print): 2328-7314 ISSN (Online): 2328-7322 Website: http://www.sciepub.com/journal/ajcp Editor-in-chief: Nabil Abdel-Hamid
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American Journal of Cancer Prevention. 2018, 6(1), 17-19
DOI: 10.12691/ajcp-6-1-4
Open AccessCase Report

A Good Therapeutic Strategy to Unrecognized HIV Infection in A Patient with Multiple Myeloma Undergoing Peripheral Blood Stem Cell Transplantation - Case Report

Mehrdad Payandeh1, Noorodin Karami2, , Afshin Karami3, Mehrnoosh Aeinfar1, Amir Yami3, Sakineh Ghorbani4 and Roshanak Yousefi5

1Department of Hematology and Medical Oncology, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah, Iran

2Department of Genetics, Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Science, Yazd, Iran

3Department of Hematology, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran

4Medical Bone Marrow Research Center, Imam Reza Hospital, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah, Iran

5Department of Nursing, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah, Iran

Pub. Date: March 23, 2018

Cite this paper:
Mehrdad Payandeh, Noorodin Karami, Afshin Karami, Mehrnoosh Aeinfar, Amir Yami, Sakineh Ghorbani and Roshanak Yousefi. A Good Therapeutic Strategy to Unrecognized HIV Infection in A Patient with Multiple Myeloma Undergoing Peripheral Blood Stem Cell Transplantation - Case Report. American Journal of Cancer Prevention. 2018; 6(1):17-19. doi: 10.12691/ajcp-6-1-4

Abstract

Multiple myeloma is a hematological malignancy associated with increased plasma cell proliferation in the patient's bone marrow. HIV infection is an immunodeficiency disease that is present in some malignancies, such as non-Hodgkin's lymphomas, as an effective factor in the progression of malignancy. Our patient was diagnosed with multiple myeloma and after bone marrow transplantation, it became clear that the patient was HIV positive and also, he had a mild toxoplasmosis infection. After diagnosis, the patient was treated with antiviral drugs and drugs for the treatment of toxoplasma infection. After several months and carrying out the relevant tests, it indicates the control of HIV viral infection, and the patient is still being treated and followed up. Nonetheless, our case features the significance of HIV testing in early malignancy.

Keywords:
multiple myeloma malignancy non-Hodgkin lymphoma transplantation toxoplasmosis

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