American Journal of Cancer Prevention
ISSN (Print): 2328-7314 ISSN (Online): 2328-7322 Website: http://www.sciepub.com/journal/ajcp Editor-in-chief: Nabil Abdel-Hamid
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American Journal of Cancer Prevention. 2015, 3(6), 122-127
DOI: 10.12691/ajcp-3-6-4
Open AccessArticle

Apple Cider Vinegar (A Prophetic Medicine Remedy) Protects against Nicotine Hepatotoxicity: A Histopathological and Biochemical Report

Nassar Ayoub Abdellatif Omar1, 2, Amal Nor Edeen Ahmad Allithy3, 4, Firas Mahmoud Faleh5, Reham A. Mariah6, 7, Mongi Mohamed Ahmed Ayat7, 8, Sherine Ragab Shafik9, Samah A. Elshweikh10, Hussam Baghdadi7 and Salah Mohamed El Sayed7, 11,

1Department of Anatomy, Faculty of Clinical Pharmacy, Taif University, KSA

2Department of Anatomy, Faculty of Medicine, Sohag University, Egypt

3Department of Pathology, Al-Ghad International Medical Sciences Colleges, Al-Madinah, KSA

4Department of Pathology, Faculty of Medicine, Sohag University, Egypt

5Department of Animal Production, Faculty of Agriculture, Jordan University, Jordan

6Department of Medical Biochemistry, Tanta Faculty of Medicine, Tanta University, Egypt

7Department of Clinical Biochemistry and Molecular Medicine, Taibah Faculty of Medicine, Taibah University, Al-Madinah Al-Munawwarah, Saudi Arabia

8Department of Clinical Pathology, Faculty of Medicine, 6th October University, Cairo, Egypt

9Ph.D of Medical Biochemistry, Faculty of Medicine, Tanta University, Egypt

100Department of Internal Medicine, Tanta Faculty of Medicine, Tanta University, Egypt

111Department of Medical Biochemistry, Sohag Faculty of Medicine, Sohag University, Egypt

Pub. Date: January 05, 2016

Cite this paper:
Nassar Ayoub Abdellatif Omar, Amal Nor Edeen Ahmad Allithy, Firas Mahmoud Faleh, Reham A. Mariah, Mongi Mohamed Ahmed Ayat, Sherine Ragab Shafik, Samah A. Elshweikh, Hussam Baghdadi and Salah Mohamed El Sayed. Apple Cider Vinegar (A Prophetic Medicine Remedy) Protects against Nicotine Hepatotoxicity: A Histopathological and Biochemical Report. American Journal of Cancer Prevention. 2015; 3(6):122-127. doi: 10.12691/ajcp-3-6-4

Abstract

Nicotine is the most abundant component in cigarette smoking and is involved in the pathogenesis of lung cancer and increases the risk of developing hepatocellular carcinoma and liver cirrhosis. Prevention of nicotine-induced lung cancer and liver damage may be achieved via decreasing nicotine-induced pathological effects. Nicotine is metabolized in the liver. Natural diet contains a variety of compounds e.g. apple cider vinegar (ACV) that exhibits protective effects against different toxins. This study aims to investigate the effects of nicotine on the liver using morphometrical, histopathological and biochemical parameters and study the protective effect of ACV against toxicity of nicotine. Three groups of the male albino rat were used: untreated control group, nicotine treated group (4 mg/kg/day) while the third group received both ACV (2ml/kg/day) and nicotine (4 mg/kg/day). Treatment was given for 30 days. There was a significant increase in the levels of aspartate aminotransferase (AST), alanine aminotransferase (ALT), alkaline phosphatase (ALP), and lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) together with a damage and degeneration in the liver tissues of the nicotine treated groups. ACV administration to nicotine-treated rats showed near normal liver biochemical markers with reduction in the tissue damage associated with the nicotine administration. ACV administration to nicotine-treated rat ameliorated the decrease in the size of the hepatocytes nuclei. These results, along with previous observations, suggest that ACV may be useful in combating tissue injury resulting from nicotine toxicity. In prophetic medicine, Prophet Muhammad peace be upon him strongly recommended eating vinegar in the prophetic hadeeth: "vinegar is the best edible". Conclusion: These finding confirm that chronic nicotine administration causes harmful effects to the liver and suggest that ACV may be useful in combating tissue injury resulting from nicotine toxicity. Hence, the intake of ACV might suppress the toxicity and mutagenic activity of nicotine. ACV may protect against nicotine-induced carcinogenesis.

Keywords:
nicotine exposure apple cider vinegar liver hepatotoxicity rats

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