American Journal of Cancer Prevention
ISSN (Print): 2328-7314 ISSN (Online): 2328-7322 Website: http://www.sciepub.com/journal/ajcp Editor-in-chief: Nabil Abdel-Hamid
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American Journal of Cancer Prevention. 2015, 3(6), 106-108
DOI: 10.12691/ajcp-3-6-1
Open AccessCase Report

Gastro-bronchial Fistula, an Uncommon Complication of Transhital Esophagectomy: A Case Report

Erkan Dogan1, , Nedim Turan2, Ufuk Cobanoglu3, Mahmut Ilhan4, Gamze Ugurluer5 and Harun Arslan6

1Yuzuncu Yıl University, Medical Faculty, Department of Medical Oncology, Van, Turkey

2Cumhuriyet University, Medical Faculty, Department of Medical Oncology, Sivas, Turkey

3Yuzuncu Yıl University, Medical Faculty, Department of Thoracic Surgery, Van, Turkey

4Avrasya Hospital, Department of Medical Oncology, İstanbul, Turkey

5Acıbadem Hospital, Department of Radiation Oncology, Adana, Turkey

6Yuzuncu Yil University, Medical Faculty, Department of Radiology

Pub. Date: October 09, 2015

Cite this paper:
Erkan Dogan, Nedim Turan, Ufuk Cobanoglu, Mahmut Ilhan, Gamze Ugurluer and Harun Arslan. Gastro-bronchial Fistula, an Uncommon Complication of Transhital Esophagectomy: A Case Report. American Journal of Cancer Prevention. 2015; 3(6):106-108. doi: 10.12691/ajcp-3-6-1

Abstract

Background: Gastro-bronchial fistulas are rare complication of esophagogastric anostomos operations. They occur either in the early or late postoperative period. They have different etiological factors according to time of development. They have different prognostic feature due to the reason which cause fistulas. Therefore, differential diagnosis of gastro-bronchial fistula should be urgently done as soon as possible. Herein, we present a case of gastro-bronchial fistula which is rare and has valuable radiological findings. Case report: A 41 year old woman who had a cough, dyspnea, dysphagia, weight loss and retrosternal pain was admitted to local government hospital of Van. At the end of evaulation, the diagnosis was consistent with esophageal carcinoma. Then transhiatal esophagectomy with gastric pull-up and cervical anastomosis was performed. Three monhts after surgery, she developed cough, dyspnea and aspiration pneumonia. Therefore, chest X-ray was taken and chest computed tomography (CT) demonstrated gastro-bronchial fistula. After diagnosis of gastro-broncial fistula, the patient was consultated with thoracic surgery department and surgical treatment was decided. The patient was taken to the thoracic surgery department. She was cachectic, therefore total parenteral nutrition was started on. While she was waiting for surgical procedure, she had severe dyspnea. Finally she died due to aspiration and cardiopulmonary arrest. Conclusion: Gastro-bronchial fistula is a rare and devastating complication of esophageal resection that may be diffucult to diagnose. Poor prognosis is mainly due to the development of recurrent chest infections, malnutrition and diffuclty in surgical repairing in contrast to esophageal type. The diagnosis can be done either with bronchoscopy or computed tomography of chest. Surgery and endobronchial stenting are main alternative treatment modalities of this rare and fatal complication of esophagectomy.

Keywords:
gastro-bronchial fistula transhiatal esophagectomy gastric pull-up esophageal carcinoma

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