American Journal of Cancer Prevention
ISSN (Print): 2328-7314 ISSN (Online): 2328-7322 Website: http://www.sciepub.com/journal/ajcp Editor-in-chief: Nabil Abdel-Hamid
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American Journal of Cancer Prevention. 2015, 3(2), 35-44
DOI: 10.12691/ajcp-3-2-3
Open AccessArticle

Quality of Life of Patients Undergoing Cancer Treatment in B.P. Koirala Memorial Cancer Hospital, Bharatpur, Chitwan, Nepal

Radha Acharya Pandey1, , Govinda Prasad Dhungana2, Jyotsana Twi Twi1, Sudeepa Byanju1 and Barsha Khawas1

1Nursing Department, Kathmandu University School of Medical Sciences, Dhulikhel Hospital Kathmandu University Hospital, Dhulikhel, Nepal

2Chitwan Medical College, Bharatpur, Chitwan, Nepal

Pub. Date: April 15, 2015

Cite this paper:
Radha Acharya Pandey, Govinda Prasad Dhungana, Jyotsana Twi Twi, Sudeepa Byanju and Barsha Khawas. Quality of Life of Patients Undergoing Cancer Treatment in B.P. Koirala Memorial Cancer Hospital, Bharatpur, Chitwan, Nepal. American Journal of Cancer Prevention. 2015; 3(2):35-44. doi: 10.12691/ajcp-3-2-3

Abstract

This research entitled “Quality of Life of Patients Undergoing Cancer Treatment in B.P. Koirala Memorial Cancer Hospital, Bharatpur, Chitwan” was conducted to assess the quality of life of cancer patients. It was carried out among patients attending B. P. Koirala Memorial Cancer Hospital, Bharatpur, Chitwan. Background: In patients with different type of cancers and the quality of life (QoL) improvement is the main goal, since survival can be prolonged marginally. A diagnosis is very stressful for people, affecting all aspects of their being and quality of life. Up to date, knowledge on QoL impairments throughout the entire treatment process, often including several treatment modalities is scarce. One objective of this study was to assess the quality of life of cancer patient undergoing cancer treatment. Methods: A quantitative, cross-sectional, descriptive, design was adapted. A total of 245 cancer patients above 20 years old, were enrolled in the studies during August-September, 2013. Inclusion criteria were patients who had already received at least one type of cancer treatment and had attended the hospital for receiving the same or next type of treatment again. Exclusion criteria were any other chronic co-morbidity condition that could be influenced their QoL. The most commonly listed medical co-morbidities were: diabetes mellitus, hypertension, coronary artery disease. Cancer patients who have Eastern Co-operative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status of 4 (i.e. fully bed-ridden) were excluded from the study. The data was collected by interview, using modified, structured scale of European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer Quality of life Questionnaire (EORTC QLQ- C30), prepared by the EORTC group. Information about the patient’s disease condition and treatment were obtained from the patient’s medical records. The collected data was analyzed by using SPSS version 16. Descriptive and inferential statistics were used to describe the respondent’s quality of life (QoL) scores and to identify the factors affecting it respectively. Results: The study findings revealed the quality of life of cancer patients to be influenced by many factors such as: site of cancer, stage of cancer, time elapsed since diagnosis and Eastern Co-operative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status. The average QoL scores (out of 100) for different scales were 85.54 (global health/QoL), 77.03 (functional), and 16.14 (symptom). Loss of appetite was the most frequent complaint (mean = 20.27) and was present in almost all the patients. As the overall QoL of the patients was significantly correlated with different QoL scales as-, cognitive, emotional, physical, social, role functioning, pain, fatigue, dyspnoea, loss of appetite and nausea/vomiting and financial problem. Conclusion: Hence, in average, the quality of life of cancer patients was found to be relatively better, although there were higher ratings for some (as: cognitive, physical, role and emotional functioning) and lower for others (like social functioning). Additional research should be done in this area for improving the quality of life of specific type of cancer patients in Nepal, though the findings of this study are expected to provide the baseline knowledge regarding it.

Keywords:
quality of life cancer patient EORTC QLQ- C30

Creative CommonsThis work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. To view a copy of this license, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/

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