American Journal of Clinical Medicine Research
ISSN (Print): 2328-4005 ISSN (Online): 2328-403X Website: http://www.sciepub.com/journal/ajcmr Editor-in-chief: Dario Galante
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American Journal of Clinical Medicine Research. 2018, 6(2), 41-47
DOI: 10.12691/ajcmr-6-2-4
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The Effect of Exforge-HCT on Blood Pressure Control in Omani Hypertensive Patients Attending Sultan Qaboos University Hospital

Ali AlSharqi1, , Halima Aal Homouda1, Tariq Al-Saadi2 and Khamis Al Hashmi3

1Medical Student, Sultan Qaboos University, Muscat, Oman

2Neurosurgical Resident, Montreal Neurological Institute and Hospital - McGill University, Montreal, Canada

3Department of Physiology & Clinical Physiology, Sultan Qaboos University, Muscat, Oman

Pub. Date: July 03, 2018

Cite this paper:
Ali AlSharqi, Halima Aal Homouda, Tariq Al-Saadi and Khamis Al Hashmi. The Effect of Exforge-HCT on Blood Pressure Control in Omani Hypertensive Patients Attending Sultan Qaboos University Hospital. American Journal of Clinical Medicine Research. 2018; 6(2):41-47. doi: 10.12691/ajcmr-6-2-4

Abstract

Background: Hypertension is worldwide health burden. The major concern about hypertension is that it is usually asymptomatic until it causes end organ damages. The management of hypertension usually starts with monotherapy which fails in achieving targeted BP control in many patients. Therefore, they are switched to combination therapy. Fixed combination therapy is proven to be more effective in controlling hypertension than free combination therapy. Exforge-HCT is a fixed combination drug consisting of Amlodipine, Valsartan and Hydrochlorothiazide. Its effectiveness is not known in Omani hypertensive patients. Aim: To evaluate the role of exforge-HCT in control of blood pressure in Omani hypertensive patients attending SQUH and its effectiveness based on gender. Method: This is a retrospective study. Data was gathered using HIS from January 2013 to June 2016. Patients taking Exforge-HCT were screened for eligibility for the study. Blood pressure measurements before and after using Exforge-HCT were recorded. Patients were grouped according to gender, number of co-morbidities and number of medications used before EXFORGE-HCT into two groups; group one: those who were on triple free drug combination therapy and group two: those who were on dual free drugs. P value of less than 0.05 was considered significant. Results: Total number of patients was 115 with female being 57% and male being 42%. The Level of control of hypertension increased from 22% to 33%. Over all Significant reduction in blood pressure was observed, but there was no gender difference in response to Exforge-HCT. There was significant difference in the response to Exforge-HCT between the medication groups but the response according to gender in each group remains the same. Response to Exforge-HCT was the same regardless the number of co-morbidities in both gender. Conclusion: Exforge-HCT showed significant reduction in BP but no gender difference in response. There was significant difference in the response between the two medication groups. However, the response between genders remains the same in each co-morbidity and medication group. Further prospective study is needed to confirm these findings.

Keywords:
Exforge-HCT Hypertension Oman control fixed combination

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