American Journal of Clinical Medicine Research
ISSN (Print): 2328-4005 ISSN (Online): 2328-403X Website: http://www.sciepub.com/journal/ajcmr Editor-in-chief: Dario Galante
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American Journal of Clinical Medicine Research. 2017, 5(4), 52-54
DOI: 10.12691/ajcmr-5-4-3
Open AccessArticle

The Difference of Nutritional Intake Insmoker and Non-smoker Adolescents

Meita Dhamayanti1, , Dewi Marhaeni Diah Herawati2, Rizki Handayani1, Muhammad Akbar Tirtosudiro1 and Nenden Shinta Mardiana3

11Department of Child Health, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Padjadjaran/ Dr. Hasan Sadikin General Hospital

2Department of Nutrition, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Padjadjaran

3Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Padjadjaran

Pub. Date: July 13, 2017

Cite this paper:
Meita Dhamayanti, Dewi Marhaeni Diah Herawati, Rizki Handayani, Muhammad Akbar Tirtosudiro and Nenden Shinta Mardiana. The Difference of Nutritional Intake Insmoker and Non-smoker Adolescents. American Journal of Clinical Medicine Research. 2017; 5(4):52-54. doi: 10.12691/ajcmr-5-4-3

Abstract

The prevalence of adolescent smoker is increasing as they started smoke at an earlier age. Nicotine is one of subtances in cigarettes that might decrease the appetite than decrease nutritional intake. The aim of this study to compare the nutritional intake in smoker and non smoker in adolescent. This analytical cross-sectional study was conducted during February to April 2016 on male adolescent aged 10-19 years in elementary and high school in Jatinangor, West Java, Indonesia. The single interviews 24-hours recall was performed to assess the nutritional intake .The 159 subjects were selected by random sampling, consisted of 78 smokers and 81 non-smokers The mean difference of carbohydrate, protein and fat intake were analyzed using the t-test with a p-value <0.05 considered as significant. There were significant differences between smoker and non-smoker adolescent in the carbohydrate intake (131.52 g; 162.45 g), protein (36.10 g; 42.54 g) and fat (36.59 g; 40.98 g). It was concluded that there were significant differences in carbohydrate, protein and fat intakes in smokers and in non-smokers adolescents.

Keywords:
adolescent carbohydrate fat protein smoker

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