American Journal of Clinical Medicine Research
ISSN (Print): 2328-4005 ISSN (Online): 2328-403X Website: http://www.sciepub.com/journal/ajcmr Editor-in-chief: Dario Galante
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American Journal of Clinical Medicine Research. 2017, 5(3), 26-30
DOI: 10.12691/ajcmr-5-3-1
Open AccessArticle

Different Result of Cognitive Impairment Screening in Adolescent Aged 10-12 Years with Normal and Short Stature in Pangandaran District

Rodman Tarigan1, , Meita Dhamayanti1 and Eddy Fadlyana, Kusnandi Rusmil1

1Department of Child Health, Universitas Padjadjaran, Bandung, Indonesia

Pub. Date: April 19, 2017

Cite this paper:
Rodman Tarigan, Meita Dhamayanti and Eddy Fadlyana, Kusnandi Rusmil. Different Result of Cognitive Impairment Screening in Adolescent Aged 10-12 Years with Normal and Short Stature in Pangandaran District. American Journal of Clinical Medicine Research. 2017; 5(3):26-30. doi: 10.12691/ajcmr-5-3-1

Abstract

In Indonesia, the prevalence of short stature in adolescents aged 13-15 years and 16-18 years are respectively 35,1% and 31,4%. The growth of adolescentsis related in line to the development with the cognitive function. To find out the difference result of cognitive impairment screening in adolescents aged 10-12 years with normal and short stature. This was a cross-sectional analytic study conducted during December 2016 – March 2017 in Pangandaran District, West Java. Body height of the subjects were measured and they answered questions in Mini–Mental State Examination (MMSE) to assess the cognitive function. Data analysis to determine the different results of cognitive impairment screening in adolescent with normal and short stature use statistical Wilcoxon rank sum test. A total of 144 subjects met the inclusion criteria, comprising 45 subjects with short stature and 99 subjects normal. Median (min; max) MMSE scores for adolescent with short stature and normal were 24 (14; 30) and 27 (9; 30). There were significant differences in the median of MMSE scores between adolescents with normal and short stature (median difference = -2.00, CI 95% (-3.00;-0.00), p = 0.013). There were significantly different results of this study in cognitive impairment screening in adolescents aged 10–12 years between normal and short stature. The result of cognitive impairment screening in short statured adolescents aged 10-12 yearswas lower compared to those of normal stature adolescents.

Keywords:
adolescents normal stature short stature cognitive MMSE

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