American Journal of Clinical Medicine Research
ISSN (Print): 2328-4005 ISSN (Online): 2328-403X Website: http://www.sciepub.com/journal/ajcmr Editor-in-chief: Dario Galante
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American Journal of Clinical Medicine Research. 2013, 1(4), 61-64
DOI: 10.12691/ajcmr-1-4-4
Open AccessArticle

Prevalence of Antiphospholipid Antibodies in Sample of Iraqi Patients with Systemic Lupus Erythematosus: A Cross Sectional Study

Ahmed S. Noori1, Ali M. Jawad2, Nizar A.Jassim2 and Faiq I. Gorial2,

1Hematology Department, Baghdad Teaching Hospital, Medical City, Baghdad, Iraq

2Department of Medicine, College of Medicine, University of Baghdad, Baghdad, Iraq

Pub. Date: October 06, 2013

Cite this paper:
Ahmed S. Noori, Ali M. Jawad, Nizar A.Jassim and Faiq I. Gorial. Prevalence of Antiphospholipid Antibodies in Sample of Iraqi Patients with Systemic Lupus Erythematosus: A Cross Sectional Study. American Journal of Clinical Medicine Research. 2013; 1(4):61-64. doi: 10.12691/ajcmr-1-4-4

Abstract

Objective: Antiphospholipid antibodies (APLAs) have high risk of vascularthrombosis with significant clinical comorbidities. Anticardiolipin antibodies (ACLAs)and Lupus anticoagulant (LA) are important APLAs. The aim of this study was to evaluate the prevalence of APLAs(ACLAs and LA) and their clinical significance among sample of Iraqi patients with systemic lupus erythematosus patients (SLE). Patients and methods: A single center cross sectional study conducted on 50 SLE patients diagnosed according to the 1997 revised American College of Rheumatology (ACR) criteria for SLE from February 2010 to April 2011. Patients' age at SLE diagnosis, disease duration, SLE disease activity index (SLEDAI), renal involvement, cerebral involvement, cardiac involvement, pregnancy events, and thrombotic events were analyzed. Serum samples were extracted and screened for IgG and IgM using an anticardiolipin (ACL) enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, Lupus anticoagulant (LA), prothrombin time (PT), partial thromboplastic time (PTT), kaolin clotting time (KCT), and KCT index were assessed in all patients. Results: Of 50 SLE patients, the prevalence of positive anticardiolipin antibodies (ACLA) was 10(20%) and positive LA 5 (10%). Abnormal KCT12 (24.5%), Abnormal KCT index 5(10), Abnormal PTT2 (4.1%), and Abnormal PT 2(4%). Thrombotic events, pregnancy events, and cerebral involvement were associated with positive serology (P = 0.000, 0.225, 0.083 respectively). Renal and cardiac involvement were associated with negative serology (P = 0.019, 0.094 respectively). No new thrombotic events were found. Conclusions: Prevalence of positive ACLAs was 20% and positive LA 10%. Thrombotic events, pregnancy events, and cerebral involvement were associated with positive serology while renal and cardiac involvement with negative serology. We suggest screening SLE patients for the presence of APLAsand larger sample with longer follow up for their clinical manifestations.

Keywords:
antiphospholipid antibodies systemic lupus erythematosus anticardiolipin antibodies autoantibodies and SLE

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