American Journal of Clinical Medicine Research
ISSN (Print): 2328-4005 ISSN (Online): 2328-403X Website: http://www.sciepub.com/journal/ajcmr Editor-in-chief: Dario Galante
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American Journal of Clinical Medicine Research. 2016, 4(1), 1-6
DOI: 10.12691/ajcmr-4-1-1
Open AccessArticle

Effect of Multiple Micronutrient Supplementation on CD4 T Cell levels of Clinically Stable HIV Patients on Highly Active Antiretroviral Therapy; A Randomized Controlled Crossover Trial

Anthony C. Iwu1, Chukwuma B. Duru2, , Kenechi A. Uwakwe2, Christopher N. Obionu3, Kevin C. Diwe2, Abah O. Steve4, Prosper O. Adogu5, Irene A. Merenu2, Nathan C. Nwaimo6, Uche R. Oluoha1, Ikechi Ohanle1 and Emmanuel U. Ndukwu1

1Department of Community Medicine, Imo State University Teaching Hospital, Orlu Imo State, Nigeria

2Department of Community Medicine, Imo State University, Owerri, Imo State, Nigeria

3College of Medicine, University of Nigeria Nsukka, EnuguState, Nigeria

4College of Medicine, Ambrose Ali University Ekpoma, Edo Nigeria

5Department of Community Medicine,NnamdiAzikiwe University, Anambra State, Nigeria

6Department of Chemical Pathology, Imo State University Teaching Hospital, Orlu Imo State, Nigeria

Pub. Date: January 26, 2016

Cite this paper:
Anthony C. Iwu, Chukwuma B. Duru, Kenechi A. Uwakwe, Christopher N. Obionu, Kevin C. Diwe, Abah O. Steve, Prosper O. Adogu, Irene A. Merenu, Nathan C. Nwaimo, Uche R. Oluoha, Ikechi Ohanle and Emmanuel U. Ndukwu. Effect of Multiple Micronutrient Supplementation on CD4 T Cell levels of Clinically Stable HIV Patients on Highly Active Antiretroviral Therapy; A Randomized Controlled Crossover Trial. American Journal of Clinical Medicine Research. 2016; 4(1):1-6. doi: 10.12691/ajcmr-4-1-1

Abstract

Background: Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) infection produces a chronic and potentially fatal disease of the immune system. In the pre HAART (Highly Active Antiretroviral Therapy) era, micronutrient supplementation was associated with improvement in the immune status of HIV infected individuals but in the post HAART era, this association has been unclear with conflicting results. Objective: To determine the effect of multiple micronutrient supplementation on the CD4 T cell levels of clinically stable HIV patients on HAART for at least one year. Methods: A randomized cross over intervention trial was used to determine the CD4 T cell effect of a 12 week daily consumption of multiple micronutrient supplement on 50 clinically stable HIV infected participants receiving treatment from the Imo State University Teaching Hospital. The participants were purposively selected based on certain inclusion criteria and were randomized into two groups to receive the supplement at different periods after a washout period. CD4 T cell measurements were taken at baseline, 12, 20 and 32 weeks. Results: The mean age of the participants studied was 43.8±10.8 years with an average duration on HAART of 3.2±1.5 years. At baseline, 55.3% of the participants were severely immunodeficient, 51.1% were either overweight or obese and 45% were hypertensive. The intervention results, revealed that there was no statistically significant difference in CD4 T cell count levels with micronutrient supplementation compared to no supplementation [t=0.78, p=0.438]. Conclusion: Micronutrient supplementation in the post HAART era especially in patients on long term HAART appear not to have any significant effect on the CD4 T cell counts.

Keywords:
micronutrient supplementation CD4 T cells HIV patients HAART

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