American Journal of Clinical Medicine Research
ISSN (Print): 2328-4005 ISSN (Online): 2328-403X Website: http://www.sciepub.com/journal/ajcmr Editor-in-chief: Dario Galante
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American Journal of Clinical Medicine Research. 2015, 3(3), 55-59
DOI: 10.12691/ajcmr-3-3-5
Open AccessArticle

Correlation between the Measurements of Serum and Arterial Blood Gas (ABG) Electrolytes in Patients Admitted to the Intensive Care Unit at King Abdul-Aziz Medical City, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia

Abdullah Alanazi1, Nowaf Yousef Al Obaidi2, Farhan Al. Enezi3, Mohammed Khalaf AlMutairi1, Nawfal Aljerian4, Omar Abdullah Alsultan5, Khalid alharbi6 and Shoeb Qureshi7,

1Department of Pediatric Emergency, King Abdulaziz Medical City, National Guards, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia

2Department of Respiratory Therapy College of Applied Medical Science King Saud Bin Abdul-Aziz University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia

3Intensive Care Unit, King Abdul Aziz Medical City, National Guards, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia

4Department of Emergency, King Abdulaziz Medical City, National Guards, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia

5College of Medicine, Dammam Univeresity, Saudi Arabia

6Department of Psychiatry, King Saud Bin Abdul Aziz University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia

7Research Methodology Unit, College of Applied Medical Sciences, King Saud Bin Abdul-Aziz University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia

Pub. Date: September 14, 2015

Cite this paper:
Abdullah Alanazi, Nowaf Yousef Al Obaidi, Farhan Al. Enezi, Mohammed Khalaf AlMutairi, Nawfal Aljerian, Omar Abdullah Alsultan, Khalid alharbi and Shoeb Qureshi. Correlation between the Measurements of Serum and Arterial Blood Gas (ABG) Electrolytes in Patients Admitted to the Intensive Care Unit at King Abdul-Aziz Medical City, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. American Journal of Clinical Medicine Research. 2015; 3(3):55-59. doi: 10.12691/ajcmr-3-3-5

Abstract

Background: The values of electrolytes are measured by both the arterial blood gas analyzer and the auto-analyzers, in arterial and venous blood respectively. Literature reports suggest controversies in comparisons between the results. Concerns have been increased about the precision of the instrument due to difference in results of laboratories, in addition to the time consumed. Materials and Methods: This is a prospective observational study on serum and ABG electrolytes in samples from 53 (34 Male and 19 Female) patients admitted to ICU at King Abdul-Aziz Medical City (KAMC). The analysis was done in Central Laboratory. The results from patients’ file were uploaded to SPSS from excel sheets and statistical analysis was done. Results and Conclusion: The age of patients varied between 14 years and 87 years in both the sexes. The sex wise frequency was 64.151% (males) and 35.85% (females). The pathological reports showed highest incidence of post-Motor Vehicular Accidents (MVA) followed by Community Acquired Pneumonia (CAP) and Respiratory Failure (RF). Comorbidities were infrequent. However; the highest incidence was related to Diabetes (DM) + Hypertension (HTN), followed by HTN alone and subsequently DM alone. SPSS analysis showed correlation between serum electrolytes and ABG electrolytes was significant at 0.01 levels. Correlation between serum and arterial electrolytes was significant, however; related to time it was weakly negative. We conclude that critical decisions can be made by trusting the values obtained through both ABG and Serum levels of the electrolytes.

Keywords:
correlation ABG serum electrolytes prospective observational SPSS

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