American Journal of Clinical Medicine Research
ISSN (Print): 2328-4005 ISSN (Online): 2328-403X Website: http://www.sciepub.com/journal/ajcmr Editor-in-chief: Dario Galante
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American Journal of Clinical Medicine Research. 2021, 9(2), 43-47
DOI: 10.12691/ajcmr-9-2-2
Open AccessArticle

Outcomes of Discharged Coronavirus Disease of 2019 Patients from an Emergency Department at a Tertiary Care Hospital: A Pilot Study

Alwadei Mohamed1, , Taher Nada2, Saleh Yasir3, Alharthi Bassam3, Kutbi Omniyyah3, Algaedy Renad4 and Banah Anas5

1Emergency Medicine Department, King Abdullah Medical City, Makkah, Saudi Arabia

2College of Medicine, King Saud bin Abdul-Aziz University for Health Sciences, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia

3Faculty of Medicine, Umm Al-Qura University, Makkah, Saudi Arabia

4Faculty of Medicine, ibn Sina National College, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia

5Emergency Medicine Department, King Abdullah Medical City, Makkah Healthcare Cluster, Makkah, Saudi Arabia

Pub. Date: September 09, 2021

Cite this paper:
Alwadei Mohamed, Taher Nada, Saleh Yasir, Alharthi Bassam, Kutbi Omniyyah, Algaedy Renad and Banah Anas. Outcomes of Discharged Coronavirus Disease of 2019 Patients from an Emergency Department at a Tertiary Care Hospital: A Pilot Study. American Journal of Clinical Medicine Research. 2021; 9(2):43-47. doi: 10.12691/ajcmr-9-2-2

Abstract

Background: Patients with Coronavirus Disease of 2019 (COVID-19) infection can develop varying degrees of illness severity. A critical decision point for all frontline providers affects to whether a given patient is at high risk for severe illness and thus needs inpatient care as opposed to recovery at home. Aim of the study: The aim of the current study is to assess the outcomes of the suspected Covid-19 patients who were swabbed after presenting to the Emergency Department at King Abdullah Medical City and their result came positive for Covid-19. Subjects and Methods: A retrospective pilot study was conducted at KAMC, Holy Makkah-Saudi Arabia. Fifty-one positive covid-19 patients were included at this study. The demographic data, presenting complaint, The Canadian Triage and Acuity Scale (CTAS), comorbidities, discharging vital signs, and hospital revisits were extracted from the electronic medical records (EMR) using Trakcare system. Patients were followed up by phone calls after discharge from the ER for 14 days. Information regarding KAMC hospital revisit or other hospital revisit, quarantine location and length, seeking medical advice, and non-hospital revisit were obtained from the patients or their relatives. Data was collected from15th of March 2020 till 15th of June 2020. Then the outcomes were assessed. Chi-square test and independent sample t-test were used to compare proportions and continuous variables, respectively. The binary logistic regression calculated odds ratios (OR) and 95% confidence intervals (95% CI for the interested predictors. P <0.05 was considered statistically significant. Results: oxygen saturation was found to be the only independent predictor of revisiting COVID 19 patients (OR=0.46; P=0.009). Conclusion: oxygen saturation was found to be the only independent predictor of revisiting COVID 19 patients.

Keywords:
COVID-19 outcomes emergency department

Creative CommonsThis work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. To view a copy of this license, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/

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