American Journal of Clinical Medicine Research
ISSN (Print): 2328-4005 ISSN (Online): 2328-403X Website: http://www.sciepub.com/journal/ajcmr Editor-in-chief: Dario Galante
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American Journal of Clinical Medicine Research. 2019, 7(1), 31-36
DOI: 10.12691/ajcmr-7-1-6
Open AccessArticle

Quality of Life of Nephrotics Children and Its Related Factors

Sudung O. Pardede1, Putri Maharani Tristanita Marsubrin1, , Rini Sekartini1 and Zakiudin Munasir1

1Departement of Child Health, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Indonesia-Cipto Mangunkusumo Hospital, Jakarta, Indonesia

Pub. Date: March 08, 2019

Cite this paper:
Sudung O. Pardede, Putri Maharani Tristanita Marsubrin, Rini Sekartini and Zakiudin Munasir. Quality of Life of Nephrotics Children and Its Related Factors. American Journal of Clinical Medicine Research. 2019; 7(1):31-36. doi: 10.12691/ajcmr-7-1-6

Abstract

Background: Nephrotic syndrome (NS) is a common kidney disease found in children. Its medical and psychosocial complications can affect the quality of life (QoL). The aim of this study was to have a description on the QoL and its related factors using Pediatric Quality of Life InventoryTM (PedsQLTM). Methods: An analytical descriptive study was conducted on patients, aged 2-18 years old in the outpatient and inpatient ward of nephrology, Department of Child Health, Dr. Cipto Mangunkusumo Hospital, Jakarta, during April 2013–December 2013. The assessment of QoL used PedsQLTM 4.0 Chi-square test was performed to get variable with p value <0.25 which subsequently included in multivariate analysis. Logistic regression was performed to find factors associated with QoL. Unpaired t test was performed to find correlation between length of illness and QoL. Results: 100 NS patients were participated in this study and 19% was found having disturbance in the QoL. Risk factors of disturbance in QoL were: age 5-7 years old, age 13-18 years old, low socio-economic status, father with low education level, and the use of steroid (p<0.05). Duration of illness was related to QoL based on parents and children reports (p<0.05), as well as child-rearing pattern. Conclusions: 19% of NS had disturbance in QoL. The risk factors were children age, low socio-economic and low level education of parents, unexpected child-rearing pattern, duration of illness, and the use of steroid.

Keywords:
Nephrotic syndrome QoL PedsQLTM child-rearing pattern

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