American Journal of Civil Engineering and Architecture
ISSN (Print): 2328-398X ISSN (Online): 2328-3998 Website: http://www.sciepub.com/journal/ajcea Editor-in-chief: Mohammad Arif Kamal
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American Journal of Civil Engineering and Architecture. 2018, 6(6), 242-252
DOI: 10.12691/ajcea-6-6-3
Open AccessArticle

The Influence of the Insurgency on the Qualities, Availability of Construction Materials and Local Coarse Aggregates in Maiduguri

Onundi1, , Lateef O. Alkali1, Abba M. Oumarou2 and M. Ben Ahamadu Audu1

1Department of Civil and Water Resources Engineering, University of Maiduguri, Maiduguri, Nigeria

2Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Maiduguri, Maiduguri, Nigeria

Pub. Date: November 28, 2018

Cite this paper:
Onundi, Lateef O. Alkali, Abba M. Oumarou and M. Ben Ahamadu Audu. The Influence of the Insurgency on the Qualities, Availability of Construction Materials and Local Coarse Aggregates in Maiduguri. American Journal of Civil Engineering and Architecture. 2018; 6(6):242-252. doi: 10.12691/ajcea-6-6-3

Abstract

The qualities of construction materials and the influence of insurgency on the availability of local coarse aggregates for production of concrete in Maiduguri were assessed in this study. Ten block production industries were selected from major wards in Maiduguri metropolis, while the brands of cement sold in Maiduguri including Dangote 3X (i.e. Obajana) and Ashaka, of grades 42.5N and 32.5N respectively were selected with two different sizes of blocks. Four sizes of reinforcement bars; 10 mm, 12 mm, 16 mm and 20 mm; were randomly selected. Local aggregates and water were used during the investigations. Microsoft Excel was used to analyse and interpret the data. The results show that, the dry compressive strength of the sandcrete blocks samples for the 150 mm blocks were 0.016 to 0.999 N/mm2 which is less than between 0.03 to 98.44 % of the recommended minimum of 1.0N/mm2 at age 7 days; similarly, the average compressive strength of the sampled 225 mm blocks were also 0.253 to 0.634 N/mm2 which is less than between 57.73 to 83.14 % of the recommended minimum of 1.5N/mm2 at the age of 7 days. The highest value of 0.634 N/mm2 was less than the recommended value of 1.5N/mm2 for load bearing walls. The diameters of all the steel reinforcements were 1.42 to 3.09% less than the specifications; characteristic strengths of 10 mm steel reinforcement proved to be 506.7N/mm2 which is greater than 460N/mm2 the recommended value. A factor of safety of 1.115 was recommended instead of 1.15. The insurgency in the north eastern part has negatively impacted the quality and availability of construction material as well as the local coarse aggregates in the building industry.

Keywords:
Bama Gravel construction materials compressive strength insurgency Portland cement yield stress

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