American Journal of Civil Engineering and Architecture
ISSN (Print): 2328-398X ISSN (Online): 2328-3998 Website: Editor-in-chief: Dr. Mohammad Arif Kamal
Open Access
Journal Browser
American Journal of Civil Engineering and Architecture. 2018, 6(1), 30-37
DOI: 10.12691/ajcea-6-1-4
Open AccessArticle

How International was International Style of Architecture?

MGBEMENA Emeka Ebuz1 and OKONTA Ebere Donatus1,

1Department of Architecture, Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-Ife, Osun State, Nigeria

Pub. Date: January 19, 2018

Cite this paper:
MGBEMENA Emeka Ebuz and OKONTA Ebere Donatus. How International was International Style of Architecture?. American Journal of Civil Engineering and Architecture. 2018; 6(1):30-37. doi: 10.12691/ajcea-6-1-4


From early civilization to now, architecture and its components have always undergone periods of transformation. This is in line with man’s constant quest for change. These transformations have created new methods, materials and technology. Most a time, civilizations display their wealth, power and splendor through architecture. Little wonder America as an emerging super power in the early 20th century saw this as an opportunity to show case their prowess through architecture. International style came at the right time and was used as the tool. This paper will focus on events that spurred international style, its problems and prospects and how far it went in achieving its ideals. Consequently, the physical characteristics of the extant style will be analyzed in relation to its contemporaries. In summary, international style was able to spread around the world due to the political ideas and will of the originators and most importantly improved systems of communication.

international style architecture

Creative CommonsThis work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. To view a copy of this license, visit


[1]  Stern R. (1969). New Direction in American Architecture. George Braziller Inc. 1 Park Avenue, New York, NY 10016. p42.
[2]  Allsop B. (1960). A general History of Architecture. Sir Isaac Pitman and Sons Ltd, London p208.
[3]  Bruno, T. (1919) Alpine Architektur. Hagen.
[4]  David Hadlin P. (1991). American Architecture. Thames and Hudson. p 209.
[5]  Osasona C.O and Hyland A.D.C (2006). Colonial Architecture in Ile-Ife. Book Builders, Ibadan.
[6]  Scheebart Paul (1914). Glasarchitektur. Berlin in Le Corbusier (1927) Machine a Habiter: Towards a new Architecture, New York p 203.
[7]  Batur, A. (2005). A Concise History: Architecture in Turkey during the 20th century. Cizgi Basim Yayin Ltd Sti Istanbul p 30.
[8]  Prucnal-Ogunsote B. (1993). Classification of Nigerian Architecture. Department of Architecture, Federal University of Technology, Akure.
[9]  Henry R. H and Philip. J (1997). The International Style. W.W Norton and Co ISBN 0-393-31518-5.
[10]  Rikko L.S. and Gwatau D. (2010) The Nigerian architecture: The Trend in housing Development, Journal of Geography and Regional Planning vol 4 (5) p273-278.
[11]  Hadid Mouhannad (2002) Architecture Styles Survey in Pakistan Territories.
[12]  Leland M. R. (1993) Understanding Architecture; its elements, history and meaning. P480.