American Journal of Civil Engineering and Architecture
ISSN (Print): 2328-398X ISSN (Online): 2328-3998 Website: Editor-in-chief: Mohammad Arif Kamal
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American Journal of Civil Engineering and Architecture. 2017, 5(4), 136-153
DOI: 10.12691/ajcea-5-4-2
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Building a New Urban Highway or Elevating an Old One? Finding Optimum Solution Based on Environmental Impacts

Rahil Farhani1, Seyed Navid Mashhadi Moghadam2, and Maryam Shoaei Zangir3

1Department of Urban Design, Faculty of Art and Architecture, Hamedan Branch, Islamic Azad University, Hamedan, Iran

2Faculty of Art and Architecture, University of Tarbiat Modares, Tehran, Iran

3Department of Civil Engineering and Architecture, University of Art, Esfahan, Iran

Pub. Date: September 12, 2017

Cite this paper:
Rahil Farhani, Seyed Navid Mashhadi Moghadam and Maryam Shoaei Zangir. Building a New Urban Highway or Elevating an Old One? Finding Optimum Solution Based on Environmental Impacts. American Journal of Civil Engineering and Architecture. 2017; 5(4):136-153. doi: 10.12691/ajcea-5-4-2


For a sustainable urban expressway development, it is necessary to conduct an EIA (Environmental Impact Assessment) study. Expressway development and operation should, therefore, be planned with careful consideration of the environmental impacts. An assessment of an expressway project may include consideration of different routes as distinct alternatives. Thus, evaluating alternatives is an important step of environmental impact assessment. In this paper, some MCDM (Multi Criteria Decision Making) models, were used for assessing alternatives in EIA in earlier studies, reviewed and a hybrid MCDM model proposed to tackle the dependency relations of evaluation criteria with aid of the fuzzy DEMATEL (decision-making trial and evaluation laboratory) method. In next step, the fuzzy DEMATEL method combined with ANP (Analytic Network Process) method to weighting criteria for assessment of alternatives with aid of the fuzzy VIKOR (VIseKriterijumska Optimizacija I Kompromisno Resenje) method. Empirical study results illustrate the proposed model is a workable and reliable tool for evaluating alternatives of environmental impact assessment of urban expressway in order to make results much closer to reality.

urban expressway EIA fuzzy DEMATEL combined with ANP fuzzy VIKOR and MCDM model

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