American Journal of Civil Engineering and Architecture
ISSN (Print): 2328-398X ISSN (Online): 2328-3998 Website: http://www.sciepub.com/journal/ajcea Editor-in-chief: Mohammad Arif Kamal
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American Journal of Civil Engineering and Architecture. 2017, 5(4), 124-135
DOI: 10.12691/ajcea-5-4-1
Open AccessArticle

Study of the Stability and Modeling by Finite Elements Using Plaxis 7.2© and Geoslope© of the Ramps A and J of the Toll Motorway at the site of “Patte d’oie” (Dakar-Senegal)

Oustasse Abdoulaye SALL1, , Makhaly BA2 and Déthié SARR2

1Department of Civil Engineering, UFR SI, University of Thiès, Thiès, Senegal

2Department of Geotechnical Engineering, UFR SI, University of Thiès, Thiès, Senegal

Pub. Date: August 17, 2017

Cite this paper:
Oustasse Abdoulaye SALL, Makhaly BA and Déthié SARR. Study of the Stability and Modeling by Finite Elements Using Plaxis 7.2© and Geoslope© of the Ramps A and J of the Toll Motorway at the site of “Patte d’oie” (Dakar-Senegal). American Journal of Civil Engineering and Architecture. 2017; 5(4):124-135. doi: 10.12691/ajcea-5-4-1

Abstract

This article focuses on the study of stability of embankments by finite element method of the straps A and J of the toll road of Dakar-Diamniadio on the section Malick SY-“Patte d’oie”. At the ramp A, deformations have amplitude of 301.93mm. Along AA’, the horizontal deformations are 222.5mm. This leads us to say that the deformations at this ramp are very important especially as allowable deformations in these kinds of structures are very small. Such deformations are larger in the horizontal direction of the embankment. The study shows that at the junction J, deformations are smaller and reach 91.99mm. The horizontal deflections according to section AA’ also show significant deformation equal to 87.63mm. This leads us to say like the above that these deformations are very important especially as these types of structures must withstand long so there have no impact at the road. The study of the stability on Géoslope of the straps A and J of the toll highway has allowed us to demonstrate and reinforce the idea that the slip lines are circular.

Keywords:
embankments stability modeling finite elements Plaxis Geoslope

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References:

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