American Journal of Civil Engineering and Architecture
ISSN (Print): 2328-398X ISSN (Online): 2328-3998 Website: http://www.sciepub.com/journal/ajcea Editor-in-chief: Mohammad Arif Kamal
Open Access
Journal Browser
Go
American Journal of Civil Engineering and Architecture. 2013, 1(6), 129-142
DOI: 10.12691/ajcea-1-6-3
Open AccessArticle

Search for Sustainability in Contemporary Architecture of Iran

Leila Mousavi1, and Mohammadjavad Mahdavinejhad2

1Architecture and Energy Department, Kish international Campus, University of Tehran, Iran

2Department of Architecture, Faculty of Art and Architecture, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran

Pub. Date: October 17, 2013

Cite this paper:
Leila Mousavi and Mohammadjavad Mahdavinejhad. Search for Sustainability in Contemporary Architecture of Iran. American Journal of Civil Engineering and Architecture. 2013; 1(6):129-142. doi: 10.12691/ajcea-1-6-3

Abstract

The environmental challenges, the significant effects of architecture, building manufacture technologies and the construction industry have caused the movement towards sustainable architecture to be considered as one of the most important and influential trends in the early years of the 21st century. Sustainable architecture and compliance with environmental features have also been noted in Iran both in theory and practice. However, it seems that in the developing countries, particularly in Iran, the architects’ tendency towards the concept of sustainability possesses some features of its own. Therefore, the foremost questions addressed in this study are: 1-what is the main feature of sustainability in Iran’s contemporary architecture? And what criteria have been applied for its utilization? 2- What sorts of sustainability- related considerations have been taken into account by the architects and building designers? The methodology adopted to investigate these issues is the conduct of case studies, utilizing the compound strategies. The data collection was performed via a library procedure, whereby thirty samples of Iran’s contemporary and post- revolution architecture for which sustainability was considered were selected. The findings of the study reveal that the trend of sustainability in Iran’s contemporary architecture mostly manifests itself in attempts to maximize the usage of solar energy, to choose the optimal direction for a building, the light absorption capabilities, proper ventilation based on the specific climate and weather, and the use of plants in the space.

Keywords:
Iran’s contemporary architecture environment sustainable architecture

Creative CommonsThis work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. To view a copy of this license, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/

Figures

Figure of 13

References:

[1]  Darsner, Simon, Principles of Stability, translated by Daneshvar Kakhaki, Mahmoud et al, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, 2005.
 
[2]  Kibert, Charles, sustainable construction: Green building design and delivery, Hoboken,N.J.: Jhon Wiley & sons, third edition, 2012.
 
[3]  aAhmadi, farhad, "sustainable architecture", Abadi, number 5 & 6 of the new series.
 
[4]  Azerbaijani, Mona - Mofidi, Seyed Majid, "The concept of stability architecture ", a set of the Third Conference about the optimization of fuel consumption in buildings, 2003.
 
[5]  kamel nia, hamed- diba, darab- shayan, hamid, "Approaches of Contemporary Architecture of Iran", Journal of Architecture and Urbanism, 2006.
 
[6]  Grout, Linda. David Wang, Architectural Research method, , John Wiley & Sons, 2002, 341-374.
 
[7]  Soflayi, Farzaneh, "Stability of climate elements in Iranian traditional architecture (hot and dry climate)", a set of the Third Conference about the optimization of fuel consumption in buildings, 2003.
 
[8]  Khodabakhshi, Shohreh and Mofidi Seyed Majid, "Stability construction in relation to Iran's traditional architecture", Third International Conference of Energy, 2001.
 
[9]  Singeri, Maryam, "Tabriz building design solutions based on stability architecture", First National Conference on Renewable Energy, Islamic Azad University, Takestan Branch, 2008.
 
[10]  Nasr, Tahereh. (Suha), "Stability Architecture and the need for stability solutions in architecture", Civil International Journal, 74, 2010.
 
[11]  Mofidi Shemirani, Seyed Majid - Akhtar Kavan, Mahdi, "Global indicators of stability development", First National Conference on Industry and Student and stability Development, 2007.
 
[12]  Mellatparast, Mohammad, "Stability Architecture in the Iranian desert cities", Armanshahr, 3, 2009.
 
[13]  Soleimani, Meysam , "Land and stability architecture" , Architecture and Cultural magazine, 33, 2008.
 
[14]  Armaqhan, Maryam, Gorgi Mahlabany, Joseph, "The values of the Iranian vernacular architecture with stability architecture approach", Journal of Housing and Rural Environment, 2009.
 
[15]  Maddahi, Seyed Mahdi, Seyed Mohammad Sagh Yazdannoost, "The considering principles and fundamentals of stability architecture and provide strategies to make it operation", Scientific- experience and research Monthly Magazine of road and construction architecture- installment and Urbanization, 2009.
 
[16]  Seyed Almasi, M., "designed to promote climate solutions in order to reduce fuel consumption", a set of optimization of the Third Conference of fuel consumption in buildings, 2003.
 
[17]  Jin Kim, Ji., Ryjdan, Bi., "An Introduction to Stability Design" , translated and Marve Farhoodi and Nazli Dbydyan in Iranian Architecture Quarterly – Ma, Number 14, 2009.
 
[18]  Golabchi, Mahmood. Mazaherian, hamed, New architectural technologies, University of Tehran Press, 2009, 323.
 
[19]  Pirnia Mohammed Karim, Iranian Architecture of methodologies, compiling and gathering: Memarian GHolamhossein, Memar publishing, Third Edition, 2004, 30-31.
 
[20]  Hajsaghti, Asqhar. Principles and applications of solar energy, Iran University of Science and Technology, 2001, 259.
 
[21]  Mohammadzadeh, Moahmmad., "Considering of three experiments", Architect journal, 48, 28-34, 2008.
 
[22]  Mahdavinejad, M., Doroodgar, A., Moradchelleh, A. (2012). The Impacts of Revivalist Trends on the Contemporary Architecture of Iran (1977-2011), Middle-East Journal of Scientific Research, 11 (2): 176-183.
 
[23]  Mahdavinejad, M., Moradchelleh, A., Dehghani, S., & Mirhosseini, S. M. (2013). The Adoption of Central Courtyard as a Traditional Archetype in Contemporary Architecture of Iran. World Applied Sciences Journal, 21(6), 802-811.
 
[24]  Mahdavinejad, M., Ghaedi, A., Ghasempourabadi, M., Ghaedi, H.(2012). The Role of Vernacular Architecture in Design of Green Sidewalk, Case Study: Iran, Shushtar, Applied Mechanics and Materials, 2012, 220-223: 65-68.
 
[25]  Mahdavinejad, M. Rezaei Ashtiani, S., Ebrahimi, M., Shamshirband, M. (2012). Proposing a Flexible Approach to Architectural Design as a Tool for Achievement Eco-Friendly Multi-Purpose Buildings, Advanced Materials Research, 622-623: 1856-1859.
 
[26]  Review and Comment, "Some Iranian architect projects Padya and Part of Sahar Kish ", Architect journal, 38, 36-47, 2006.
 
[27]  Project, "Ghiasi Home sweet dreams", Architect journal, 36, 64-69, 2006.
 
[28]  Afshar Naderi, K., "works of Faramarz Sharifi", Architect journal, 33, 52-63, 2005.
 
[29]  "Day clinic and rehabilitation center in Bam, Pirraz consulting engineers", Architect journal, 29, 58-63, 1994.
 
[30]  "Residential apartment no.1 Mahallat", Architect journal, 89, 10-13, 2010.
 
[31]  "Bagh Saba, Ritual Plays Center", Architect journal, 26, 50-57, 1994.
 
[32]  Project introduction, "Reconstruction and interior design of office building of Fara Tahghigh Sepahan company", Architecture and building Journal, 14, 73-75, 2007.
 
[33]  Introduction , "Countryside House in Goldarreh, F. Ataullahi, Mohammad Soltani Nasab", Architect journal, 18, 76-79, 2002.
 
[34]  Project, "another experience in sustainable architecture Fereshteh Building F. Ahmadi and colleagues", Architect Magazine, 26, 48-49, 2004.
 
[35]  An Introduction of Iranian Modern Architecture, Cultural Association of Iranian architects' Engineers, Architect journal, 35, 14-23, 2005.
 
[36]  Talaei Ismail, "Seven years of experience, two villas in Lavasan" Architect journal, 12, 40-51, 2001.
 
[37]  Majidi, mohammad, "start with full hands", Architecture Magazine, 11, 48-53, 2001.
 
[38]  Introduction, "Talae- Izadi joint project", Architecture Magazine 12, 51, 2001.
 
[39]  Options Consulting Engineers, "Tourist Recreational Complex of Barry, Urmia, Options Consulting Engineers", Architect journal, 36, 76-79, 2006.
 
[40]  Anbrany, Hamid, "Tomb of Bahador, the village of Tal Bzan, Masjed Soleiman", Architect journal, 18, 80-87, 2002.
 
[41]  Gol Mohammadi, M.," Architecture Project of IT companies, park architectural plan of company members", Pardis Park Technology, 12, 2007.
 
[42]  http://aliabkar.blogfa.com/post/4.[Accessed Apr. 25,2013].
 
[43]  http://iran-eng.com/archive/index.php/t-193110.html.[Accessed Apr. 18, 2013].
 
[44]  http://memarinews.com/Pages/News-3661.aspx.[Accessed Jun. 1, 2013].
 
[45]  http://memarinews.com/Pages/News-4435.aspx.[Accessed May. 20, 2013].
 
[46]  http://memarinews.com/Pages/News-3481.html.[Accessed Apr. 25, 2013].
 
[47]  http://memarinews.com/Pages/News-3756.aspx.[Accessed Apr. 25, 2013].
 
[48]  http://nama61j.blogfa.com/post-139.aspx. [Accessed Jun. 3,2013]
 
[49]  http://memarinews.com/Pages/News-3758.aspx.[Accessed Apr. 28, 2013].
 
[50]  http://memarinews.com/Pages/News-4036.aspx.[Accessed Apr. 25, 2013].
 
[51]  http://memarinews.com/Pages/News-4738.aspx.[Accessed May. 6, 2013].
 
[52]  http://memarinews.com/Pages/News-4035.aspx.[Accessed Apr. 12, 2013].
 
[53]  http://memarinews.com/Pages/News-4434.aspx.[Accessed Jun. 3, 2013].
 
[54]  http://eng.mashhad.ir/services/portal_content/16129.[Accessed Apr. 25, 2013].