American Journal of Civil Engineering and Architecture
ISSN (Print): 2328-398X ISSN (Online): 2328-3998 Website: http://www.sciepub.com/journal/ajcea Editor-in-chief: Mohammad Arif Kamal
Open Access
Journal Browser
Go
American Journal of Civil Engineering and Architecture. 2016, 4(5), 171-180
DOI: 10.12691/ajcea-4-5-4
Open AccessArticle

Flexural Behavior of Post Tensioned Beams Damaged by Reinforcement Corrosion before and after Applying Patch-Repair

Niloufar Ghazanfari1, , Amir Manafpour2 and Mohammad shekarchi1

1Department of Civil Engineering, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran

2Structural Design Engineer, Holbert Apple Associates, Inc., Olney, MD, USA

Pub. Date: September 27, 2016

Cite this paper:
Niloufar Ghazanfari, Amir Manafpour and Mohammad shekarchi. Flexural Behavior of Post Tensioned Beams Damaged by Reinforcement Corrosion before and after Applying Patch-Repair. American Journal of Civil Engineering and Architecture. 2016; 4(5):171-180. doi: 10.12691/ajcea-4-5-4

Abstract

Corrosion is the major source of degradation in reinforced concrete structures, particularly in harsh environmental conditions. In literature, a number of research works has been carried out on the performance evaluation of the post-tensioned (PT) beams with the corroded PT cables, but very few are related to the PT beams with corroded plain reinforcement before and after applying repair. In this paper, the flexural behaviors of intact, corroded/deteriorated, and repaired PT beams are examined. In particular, the effects of patch repair with and without applying epoxy at the repair-substrate interface have been investigated. Based on the results, using high performance concrete materials as a patch-repair without epoxy at the repair-substrate interface applying can significantly re-store the structural performance of deteriorated PT beams.

Keywords:
post-tensioning corrosion spalling patch-repair epoxy

Creative CommonsThis work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. To view a copy of this license, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/

References:

[1]  Champiri, M. D., Mousavizadegan, S. H., & Moodi, F., “A fuzzy classification system for evaluating the health condition of marine concrete structures”, Journal of Advanced Concrete Technology, 10(3), 95-109, 2012.
 
[2]  Ghasemzadeh, F., & Pour-Ghaz, M., “Effect of Damage on Moisture Transport in Concrete”, Journal of Materials in Civil Engineering, 27(9), 04014242, 2014.
 
[3]  Khanzadeh-Moradllo, M., Meshkini, M. H., Eslamdoost, E., Sadati, S., and Shekarchi, M., “Effect of wet curing duration on long-term performance of concrete in tidal zone of marine environment”, Int. J.Con. Struct. Mater, 9(4), 487-498, 2015.
 
[4]  Ghasemzadeh, F., Rashetnia, R., Smyl, D., & Pour-Ghaz, M., “A comparison of methods to evaluate mass transport in damaged mortar.Cement and Concrete Composites”, 70, 119-129, 2016.
 
[5]  Smyl, D., Ghasemzadeh, F., & Pour-Ghaz, M., “Modeling water absorption in concrete and mortar with distributed damage”, Construction and Building Materials, 125, 438-449, 2016.
 
[6]  Champiri, M. D., Sajjadi, S., Mousavizadegan, S. H., & Moodi, F., “Assessing Distress Cause and Estimating Evaluation Index for Marine Concrete Structures”, American Journal of Civil Engineering and Architecture, 4(4), 2016.
 
[7]  Moradllo, M. K., Sudbrink, B., and Ley, M. T., “Determining the effective service life of silane treatments in concrete bridge decks.” Construct. Build. Mater., 116(30), 121-127, 2016.
 
[8]  NACE, “How much can a bridge take”, National Association of Corrosion Engineers, Houston, TX, 2008.
 
[9]  Parhizkar, T., A. A. Ramezanianpour, B. Hillemeier, A. M. Rais Ghasemi & N. Mozafari, “Compatibility of Repair Concrete in the Aggressive Environment of the South of Iran”, Arab Journal for Science and Engineering, 31(1C), 2006.
 
[10]  Scollard, C. R. & F. M. Bartlett, “Rehabilitation criteria for post-tensioned voided-slab bridges”, Canadian Journal of Civil Engineering 31, 6: 977-987, 2004.
 
[11]  Sajedi, S., Gandomi, A. H., Kiani, B., & Huang, Q., “Reliability-based multi-objective design optimization of reinforced concrete bridges considering corrosion affect”, ASCE-ASME Journal of Risk and Uncertainty in Engineering Systems, Part A: Civil Engineering, 2016.
 
[12]  Ballim, Y., Reid, J.C., “Reinforcement corrosion and the deflection of RC beams –an experimental critique of current test methods”, Cement & Concrete Composites 25, 625-632, 2003.
 
[13]  Capozucca, R., “Damage to reinforced concrete due to reinforcement corrosion”, Construction and Building Material, 9(5), 295-303, 1995.
 
[14]  Capozucca, R., Cerri, M. N., “Influence of reinforcement corrosion in the compressive zone on the behaviour of RC beams”, Engineering Structures, 25, 1575-1583, 2003.
 
[15]  Capozucca, R., “Detection of damage due to corrosion in prestressed RC beams by static and dynamic test”, Construction and Building Material, 22, 738-746, 2008.
 
[16]  Maaddawy, T. E., Soudki, Kh., & Topper, T., “Analytical model to predict nonlinear flexural behavior of corroded reinforced concrete beams”, ACI Structural Journal, 102-S56, 2005.
 
[17]  Castel, A., Coronelli, D., Vu, N. A., & Francois, R., “Structural response of corroded unbonded posttensioned beams”, Journal of Structural Engineering, 137(7), 761-771, 2010.
 
[18]  Coronelli, D., Castel, A., Vu, N. A., & François, R., “Corroded post-tensioned beams with bonded tendons and wire failure”, Engineering Structures, 31(8), 1687-1697, 2009.
 
[19]  Sajedi, S., & Huang, Q., “Load-Deflection Behavior Prediction of Intact and Corroded RC Bridge Beams with or without Lap Splices Considering Bond Stress-Slip Effect”, Journal of Bridge Engineering, ASCE, 2016.
 
[20]  Nikolić, V., Sajjadi, S., Petković, D., Shamshirband, S., Ćojbašić, Ž., & Por, L. Y., “Design and state of art of innovative wind turbine systems”, Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 61, 258-265, 2016.
 
[21]  Sajjadi, S., Shamshirband, S., Alizamir, M., Yee, L., Mansor, Z., Abdul Manaf, A., Altameem, T. A., & Mostafaeipour, A., “Extreme learning machine for prediction of heat load in district heating systems,” Energy and Buildings, 122, 222-227, 2016.
 
[22]  Farajkhah, V., Liu, Y., & Gannon, L., “Finite element study of 3D simulated welding effect in aluminium plates,” Ships and Offshore Structures, 1-13, 2016.
 
[23]  Farajkhah, S. V., “Effect of 3d simulated welding induced haz, residual stress and distortion fields on ultimate strength of aluminum stiffened plates, Ph.D. dissertation, Dalhousie University, Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada, 2016.
 
[24]  Champiri, M. D., Mousavi, M. R., Hanifehzadeh, M., Attar, A., Willam, K. J., & Gencturk, B., “Drop Test of a Thick-Walled Concrete Cylinder Subjected to Shrinkage and Expansion”, 9th International Conference on Fracture Mechanics of Concrete and Concrete Structures, FraMCoS-9, 2016.
 
[25]  Gandomi, A.H., Sajedi, S., Kiani, B., & Huang, Q., “Genetic Programming for Experimental Big-Data Mining: A Case Study on Concrete Creep Formulation”, Special issue on Big Data in Civil Engineering, Automation in Construction, 70, 89-97, 2016.
 
[26]  Kiani, B., Gandomi, A.H., Sajedi, S., & Liang, R., “New Formulation of Compressive Strength of Preformed Foam Cellular Concrete”, An Evolutionary Approach. Journal of Materials in Civil Engineering, ASCE, 2016.
 
[27]  Khademi, F., Akbari, M., & Jamal, S. M. M., “Prediction of compressive strength of concrete by data-driven models”, i-Manager’s Journal on Civil Engineering, 5(2), 16-23, 2015.
 
[28]  Khademi, F., & Behfarnia, K., “Evaluation of concrete compressive strength using artificial neural network and multiple linear regression models”, Iran University of Science and Technology, 6(3), 423-432, 2016.
 
[29]  Khademi, F., & Jamal, S. M., “Predicting the 28 days compressive strength of concrete using artificial neural network”, i-Manager’s Journal on Civil Engineering, 6(2), 1-7, 2016.
 
[30]  Momayez A, A. A. Ramezanianpour, H. Rajaie & M. R. Ehsani, “Bi-Surface Shear Test for Evaluating Bond between Existing and New Concrete”, ACI Materials Journal; 101(2): 99-106, 2004.
 
[31]  Shin, H. C., “Early Age Behavior of Bonded Concrete Overlays Due to Shrinkage and Thermal Changes.” University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, 53, 2000.
 
[32]  Rinaldi, Z., S. Imperatore & C. Valente, “Experimental evaluation of the flexural behavior of corroded P/C beams”, Construction and Building Materials, 24: 2267-2278, 2010.
 
[33]  Mousavi, M. M R., & Khaloo A. R., “Effect of Steel Plate Jacketing of Columns in Seismic Behavior of Concrete Beam-Column Connections.” 6th National Congress on Civil Engineering, Semnan University, Semnan, Iran, 2011.