American Journal of Civil Engineering and Architecture
ISSN (Print): 2328-398X ISSN (Online): 2328-3998 Website: Editor-in-chief: Dr. Mohammad Arif Kamal
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American Journal of Civil Engineering and Architecture. 2013, 1(1), 1-6
DOI: 10.12691/ajcea-1-1-1
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Water Supply and Sanitation Facilities in Urban Slums: A Case Study of Rajshahi City Corporation Slums

Md. Zahanggir Alam1, , Md. Alinur Rahman1 and Md. Abdullah Al Firoz1

1Department of Civil Engineering, Rajshahi University of Engineering & Technology, Rajshahi-6204, Bangladesh

Pub. Date: February 28, 2013

Cite this paper:
Md. Zahanggir Alam, Md. Alinur Rahman and Md. Abdullah Al Firoz. Water Supply and Sanitation Facilities in Urban Slums: A Case Study of Rajshahi City Corporation Slums. American Journal of Civil Engineering and Architecture. 2013; 1(1):1-6. doi: 10.12691/ajcea-1-1-1


Slum population has been increasing in Bangladesh over the last three decades along with the growth and expansion of cities and towns. But slum facilities are very much unsatisfactory for them due to the lack of proper water supply and sanitation system. Therefore, the major portion of the households use unsafe latrine and deposit their children’s excreta into road side drain and open places, which pollutes water sources, groundwater and the general environment. As a result, majority of the population in Bangladesh suffer from different kinds of water and excreta-borne diseases that aggravate their poverty situations. So, the main objective and essential goal of the study is to investigate the water supply system and sanitation facilities in urban slums of Bangladesh. During the study period, data has been collected by questionnaire survey from each slum households (15 slums and 5324 households in RCC). However, the hygienic practice has been found to be significantly low among the all households in slums although they have enough knowledge about it. The study has showed that majority slum households use tube well water for drinking but significant numbers of them are found to use open latrine for defecation. Normally, pit and water seal latrines are found which are partially hygienic. These may cause ground water contamination depending on the soil characteristics and distance between the water sources and latrines. The open disposal of excreta pollutes the nearby water bodies, canals and drains causing severe environmental pollution. Many motivational work and idea marketing from government and NGO sides help to improve their awareness level.

slum sanitation hygienic water supply contamination

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