American Journal of Civil Engineering and Architecture
ISSN (Print): 2328-398X ISSN (Online): 2328-3998 Website: Editor-in-chief: Mohammad Arif Kamal
Open Access
Journal Browser
American Journal of Civil Engineering and Architecture. 2015, 3(4), 137-143
DOI: 10.12691/ajcea-3-4-4
Open AccessArticle

Implementing Vibration Framework for Simulation of VIV on Rigid Pier by SPH

Hassan Ghassemi1, , Aliakbar Safaei1 and Shahryar Abtahi1

1Department of Maritime Engineering, Amirkabir University of Technology, Tehran, Iran

Pub. Date: August 30, 2015

Cite this paper:
Hassan Ghassemi, Aliakbar Safaei and Shahryar Abtahi. Implementing Vibration Framework for Simulation of VIV on Rigid Pier by SPH. American Journal of Civil Engineering and Architecture. 2015; 3(4):137-143. doi: 10.12691/ajcea-3-4-4


It is worth mentioning that the effect of waves on fixed and floating platforms is considered as an important element when designing any offshore structures. This paper is developed a numerical model to simulate current and wave interaction with a vertical cylinder as a platform leg using Smooth Particle Hydrodynamics (SPH) method for solving hydrodynamics part and using Finite Element Method (FEM) for structural part. SPH method is Lagrangian meshless based which is accurate enough for free surface modeling in comparison with other Eulerian mesh based methods. Capability of this method to calculate inline and cross flow forces on cylinder taking into consideration different time solution algorithms. The results showed that SPH not only creates much better result for simulating Vortex Induced Vibration (VIV) but also using the predictor-corrector algorithm for time step algorithm can leads to the most accurate results for predicting lift force.

wave structure interaction SPH method predictor-corrector algorithm

Creative CommonsThis work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. To view a copy of this license, visit


Figure of 14


[1]  Smooth particle hydrodynamics: a review. Benz, W. In J.R. Buchler, editor, The Numerical Modeling of Nonlinear Stellar Pulsatations, pp. 269-288.Kluwer Academic Publishers, 1990. Cited in: Campbell, J.
[2]  Monaghan J. J .Siam, (1982), Why particle methods work. J. on Scientific and Statistical Computing, Vol 3(4), pp422-433.
[3]  Lucy, LB., Astron J.(1977), A numerical approach to the testing of the fission hypothesis, Astronomical Journal, vol. 82, Dec. 1977, p. 1013-1024.
[4]  Gingold, RA., Monaghan, J., Mon Not R Astron Soc,(1977) Smoothed particle hydrodynamics—theory and application to non-spherical stars, Vol.181, pp:375-389.
[5]  Monaghan, J. J. and Kocharyan,(1995) A SPH simulation of multi-phase flow, Computer Physics Communication, Vol.87, pp: 225-235.
[6]  Panizzo, A. and Dalrymple, R. A.,(2004), “SPH modeling of underwater landslide generated waves” In Proc. 29th International Conference on Coastal Engineering, pp: 1147-1159.
[7]  Gomez-Gesteira, M. and Dalrymple, R. A., (2004), “Using a 3D SPH Method for Wave Impact on a Tall Structure”, J. Waterway, Port, Coastal and Ocean Engineering, Vol. 130(2), pp: 63-69.
[8]  Shao, S. and Gotoh, H.,(2004) “Simulating coupled motion of progressive wave and floating curtain wall by SPH-LES model”, Coastal Engineering Journal, Vol. 46(2), pp: 171-202.
[9]  Lee, E.S., Violeau, D., Benoit, M., Issa, R., Laurence, D., and Stansby, P.(2006), “Prediction of wave overtopping on coastal structures by using extended Boussinesq and SPH models”, In Proc. 30th International Conference on Coastal Engineering, pp: 4727-4740.
[10]  G R. Liu and M B. Liu., (2002). “Smooth Particle Hydrodynamic a mesh free particle method” World scientific publishing Co. Pte .Ltd. ISBN 981-238-456-1.
[11]  Crespo, A., (2008). “Application of the smoothed particle hydrodynamics model SPHysics to free surface hydrodynamics”, Ph.D. thesis, University of De Vigo.
[12]  Ostanek, J.K., Thole, K.A., 2012. Wake development in staggered short cylinder arrays within a channel. Exp. Fluids 53, 673-697.
[13]  Du, L., Jing, X., Sun, X., 2014. Modes of vortex formation and transition to three-dimensionalityin the wake of a freely vibrating cylinder. Journal o f Fluids and Structures 4 9, 554-573.
[14]  Nguyen, T., Koide, M., Yamada, S., Takahashi, T., Shirakashi, M., 2012. Influence of mass anddamping ratios on VIVs of a cylinder with a downstream counterpart in cruciform arrangement. Journal of Fluids and Structures 28, 40-55.
[15]  Huang, S., 2011. VIV suppression of a two-degree-of-freedom circular cylinder and dragreduction of a fixed circular cylinder by the use of helical grooves. Journal of Fluids and Structures 27, 1124-1133.
[16]  Sun, L., Zong, Z., Dong, J., Dong, G.H., Liu, C., 2012. Stripwise discrete vortex method for VIV analysis of flexible risers. Journal of Fluids and Structures 35,21-49.
[17]  Zhang, H., Fan, B., Chen, Z., Li, H., 2014. Numerical study of the suppression mechanism of vortex-induced vibration by symmetric Lorentz forces. Journal of Fluids and Structures 4 8, 62-80.
[18]  Chen, X., Xu, S., Yao, N., Shi, Y., 2010. 1.6 V Nanogenerator for mechanical energy harvesting using PZT nanofibers. Nano Letters 10, 2133-2137.
[19]  Grouthier, C., Michelin, S., Bourguet, R., Modarres-Sadeghi, Y., De Langre, E., 2014. On the efficiency of energy harvesting using vortex-induced vibrations of cables. Journal of Fluids and Structures 49, 427-4 40.
[20]  Quadrante, L.A .R., Nishi, Y., 2014. Amplification/suppression of flow-induced motions of an elastically mounted circular cylinder by attaching tripping wires. Journal of Fluids and Structures 48, 93-102.
[21]  Wang, J., Ran, J., Zhang, Z., 2014. Energy harvester based on the synchronization phenomenon of a circular cylinder. Mathematical Problems in Engine erring 2014, 1-9.
[22]  Facci, A .L., Porfiri, M., 2013. Analysis of three-dimensional effects in oscillating cantilevers immersed in viscous fluids. Journal of Fluids and Structures 38,205-222.
[23]  Grimaldi, E., Porfiri, M., Soria, L., 2012. Finite amplitude vibrations of a sharp-edged beam immersed in a viscous fluid near a solid surface. Journal of Applied Physics 112, 104 907.
[24]  Tafuni, A., Sahin, I., 2013. Hydrodynamic loads on vibrating cantilevers under a free surface in viscous fluids with SPH. In: Proceedings of the ASME 2 013International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition (IMECE 2013), IMECE2013 63792.
[25]  Phan, C.N., Aureli, M., Porfiri, M., 2013. Finite amplitude vibrations of cantilevers of rectangular cross sections in viscous fluids. Journal of Fluids and Structures 40, 52-69.
[26]  De Rosis, A., 2014. Harmonic oscillations of laminae in non-Newtonian fluids: a lattice Boltzmann-Immersed Boundary approach. Advances in Water Resources 73, 97-107.
[27]  Intartaglia, C., Soria, L., Porfiri, M., 2014. Hydrodynamic coupling of two sharp-edged beams vibrating in a viscous fluid. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London: Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences Series A 470, 20130397.
[28]  De Rosis, A., 2014. Harmonic oscillations of laminate in non-Newtonian fluids: a lattice Boltzmann-Immersed Boundary approach. Advances in Water Resources 73, 97-107.
[29]  ANSYS USER MANUA, 2014.
[30]  Sangita,M. Computation of Solitary Waves During Propagation and Run up on a Slope. J. Ocean Engineering, Volume 26, Issue 11, Pages 1063-1083, November 1999.