American Journal of Civil Engineering and Architecture
ISSN (Print): 2328-398X ISSN (Online): 2328-3998 Website: http://www.sciepub.com/journal/ajcea Editor-in-chief: Mohammad Arif Kamal
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American Journal of Civil Engineering and Architecture. 2015, 3(3), 80-85
DOI: 10.12691/ajcea-3-3-4
Open AccessCase Study

The Production of Economical Precast Concrete Panels Reinforced by Waste Plastic Fibers

Sarmed Fadhil1 and Mohanad Yaseen1,

1Department of Civil Engineering, Koya University, Koya, Kurdistan Regional, Iraq

Pub. Date: July 22, 2015

Cite this paper:
Sarmed Fadhil and Mohanad Yaseen. The Production of Economical Precast Concrete Panels Reinforced by Waste Plastic Fibers. American Journal of Civil Engineering and Architecture. 2015; 3(3):80-85. doi: 10.12691/ajcea-3-3-4

Abstract

This paper has discussed the effect of adding waste plastic fiber (PET) resulting from cutting the plastic beverage bottles by hand (which is used in Iraqi markets now) as a small fiber to the precast concrete panels. This research presents an experimental program for investigating rupture strength and impact resistance of precast concrete panels with different depths. Different volumes of fibers, i.e. 0%, 0.5%, 1.0% and 1.5% have been added as percentages of concrete by volume. The results show that the maximum volume of PET fiber for a desired rupture and impact resistance was 1.0%. The addition of waste PET fiber to the plain precast concrete panels has economical advantages .It tends to decrease the depth panel from (30 cm × 30 cm × 4 cm) to (30 cm × 30 cm × 3 cm) and the percentage of increase of rupture strength was 34.27% and the percentage of increase of impact resistance was 157.14% for reinforced concrete panels (30 cm × 30 cm × 3 cm) aged at 90-days compared with plain panels of (30 cm × 30 cm × 4 cm). In the impact test the visual observation is that the specimens of fiber reinforced precast concrete panel (FRPCP) have remained together in one piece though broken whilst plain concrete specimens have exhibited the total disintegration.

Keywords:
precast panel waste plastic impact resistance PET fibers rupture strength

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