American Journal of Civil Engineering and Architecture
ISSN (Print): 2328-398X ISSN (Online): 2328-3998 Website: http://www.sciepub.com/journal/ajcea Editor-in-chief: Dr. Mohammad Arif Kamal
Open Access
Journal Browser
Go
American Journal of Civil Engineering and Architecture. 2015, 3(3), 64-70
DOI: 10.12691/ajcea-3-3-2
Open AccessArticle

Impact of Subgrade and Granular Layer Material Properties on Rutting

Jyoti S. Trivedi1, and Dr. Rakesh Kumar2

1M-Tech(CEM)Faculty of Technology,CEPT University, K.L.Campus Near University Road Navrangpura, Ahmedabad Gujarat, India

2Civil Engineering Department, SVNIT Surat, Ichchhanath, SURAT-395 007 Gujarat, India

Pub. Date: July 10, 2015

Cite this paper:
Jyoti S. Trivedi and Dr. Rakesh Kumar. Impact of Subgrade and Granular Layer Material Properties on Rutting. American Journal of Civil Engineering and Architecture. 2015; 3(3):64-70. doi: 10.12691/ajcea-3-3-2

Abstract

Material properties play avital role to determine the structural and functional performance of pavement layers during its service life. Pavement deformation or rutting is one of the key distress that affects the pavement performance. The strength parameters of subgrade and granular layer are correlated with the permanent deformations characteristics. Theindividualeffect in addition to combined effectof various combinations are considered to estimate rutting using multi linear regression (MLR) and artificial neural network (ANN) techniques. The data was collected in staggered position at every kilometer of a national highway stretch. The characteristic deflection, field dry density, modified liquid limit, California bearing ratio (CBR) were correlated individually with the rutting measurement and sensitivity analysis also performed. The impact of fines and dynamic behavior of soil response are considered in four possible combinations and correlated with rutting. The result shows that characteristic deflection, field dry density, modified liquid limit and modulus of elasticity of subgrade, and granular layer individually consists good relation with rutting except liquid limit. A good correlation was obtained supporting the validity of R2 values of ANN for subgrade and granular layer 0.84 and 0.86 respectively for combinations of parameters. Likewise, results of R2 values for MLR models obtained are 0.70 and 0.79, for the given layers subsequently comparing the R2 values of MLR and ANN it is concluded that ANN models are more efficient than MLR.

Keywords:
material properties rutting sub-grade GSB characteristic deflection dry field density liquid limit CBR modified liquid limit modulus of elasticity

Creative CommonsThis work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. To view a copy of this license, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/

References:

[1]  Archilla, A. R., and Madanat, S., “Development of a pavement rutting model from experimental data”. Journal of transportation engineering / July/august 2000,126, pp. 291-299.
 
[2]  Allen, D., Deen, R.C., “Rutting Models for Asphaltic Concrete and Dense Graded Aggregate from Repeated Load Tests”, Proceedings of the Association of Asphalt Paving Technologists, Louisville, Kentucky 1980.
 
[3]  AASHTO T 307-99(2003) Design Guidelines Standard Method of Test for Determining Resilient Modulus of soils and Aggregate Materials.
 
[4]  Ayodele, A.L. (2008). “A Study of the Effect of Fines Content on the Performance of Soil as Sub-base Material forRoad Construction”. Unpublished M. Sc. Thesis. Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-Ife, Nigeria.
 
[5]  Chukka, D., and Chakravarthi, V. K., “Evaluation of Properties of Soil Subgrade Using Dynamic Cone Penetration Index – A Case Study”, Volume 4, Issue 4 (October 2012), PP. 07-15.
 
[6]  Datta, T., and Chattopadhyay, B.C., “Correlation between CBR and index properties of soil”, Proceedings of Indian Geotechnical Conference, Paper No. A-350, December 15-17, 2011, pp. 131-133.
 
[7]  Dormon G.M., and C.T. Metcalf. Design Curves for Flexible Pavements Based on Layered System Theory.Highway Research Record 71, Transportation Research Board, National Research Council, Washington, D.C., 1965.
 
[8]  Erlingsson, S., “Impact of Water on the Response and Performance of a Pavement Structure in an Accelerated Test”. Road Materials and Pavement Design. Volume 11-No. 4/2010, pp.863 to 880.
 
[9]  Garba, 2002 “Permanent Deformation Properties of Asphalt Concrete Mixtures” Department of Road and Railway Engineering, Ph.D. Dissertation, Norwegian University of Science and Technology NTNU August 2002, Norwegian University of Science and Technology.
 
[10]  Gupta, A., Kumar, P., and Rastogi, R. (2012). “A critical review of flexible pavement performance models developed for Indian perspective,” Indian Highways, 2012 pp. 41-60.
 
[11]  Gupta, A., Kumar, P., and Rastogi, R., “Pavement Deterioration and Maintenance Model for Low Volume Roads”, International Journal of Pavement Research and Technology, Vol.4 No.4 Jul. 2011, pp. 195-202 .
 
[12]  Hoppe, R. H. W.,Iliash, Y. ,Iyyunni,C.,Sweilam, N. H. 2006, A posterior error estimates for adaptive finite element discretization of boundary control problems,Journal of Numerical Mathematics, vol. 14, no. 1, pp. 57-82.
 
[13]  Huang, Y.H., 2003. Pavement Analysis and Design. 2nd Edn., Prentice Hall, Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey, USA., ISBN-10:0131424734, pp: 762.
 
[14]  IRC 82:1982. “Code of practice for maintenance of bituminous surfaces of highways.” Indian road congress, New Delhi.
 
[15]  IRC 37:2012, “Tentative guidelines for the design of flexible pavements”. Indian road congress, New Delhi.
 
[16]  Jiménez, L. A. and Mrawira, D.2012, “Bayesian Regression in Pavement Deterioration Modeling: Revisiting the AASHO Road Test Rut Depth Model”. Infrastructural volume, November 2012, N-25.
 
[17]  Kim, H.B., Buch, N., Park, D.Y.2000, “Mechanistic-Empirical Rut Prediction Model for In-Service Pavements”, Transportation Research Record 1730, Paper no. 00-0165, 2000, pp. 99-109.
 
[18]  Lundström, R., Karlsson, R. and Wiman, L. G.,2009 “Evaluation of Rutting on Flexible, Semi-rigid, and Rigid Test Sections after 7 Years of Service”. Road Materials and Pavement Design. Volume 10 – No. 4/2009, pp. 689 to 713.
 
[19]  Olard, F and Perraton, D.2010“On the Optimization of the Aggregate Packing Characteristics for the Design of High-Performance Asphalt Concretes”. Road Materials and Pavement Design. EATA , pp. 145-169.
 
[20]  Oscarsson, E. “Modelling Flow Rutting in In-Service Asphalt Pavements using the Mechanistic-Empirical Pavement Design Guide”. Road Materials and Pavement Design. Volume 12 – No. 1/2011, pp 37- 56. Welcome
 
[21]  Muhammad, A., and Braimah S., “Verification of Pavement Deformation Prediction Models”. Master’s Thesis, Chalmers University of Technology, Göteborg, Sweden, 2010.
 
[22]  Patel, M. A., and Patel, H. S., “Experimental Study to Correlate the Test Results of PBT, UCS, and CBR with DCP on Various soils in soaked condition”, International Journal of Engineering (IJE), Volume (6) : Issue (5) : 2012, pp. 244-261.
 
[23]  Selvaraj, S. I., “Development of flexible pavement rut prediction models from the NCAT test track structural study sections data”, Ph.D. Dissertation, Auburn University, Auburn, 2007.
 
[24]  Siswosoebrotho, B. I., Widodo, P., and Augusta, E., “The influence of fines content and plasticity on the strength and permeability of aggregate for base course material”., proceedings of the Eastern Asia Society for Transportation Studies, Vol. 5, 2005 , pp. 845-856.
 
[25]  Shu, X., Huang, B., Chen, X. and Robison, L. “Effect of coarse aggregate angularity on rutting performance of HMA”. Pavement Mechanics and Performance (GSP 154), December 2011, pp. 126-133.
 
[26]  Tarefder, R. A., Zaman, M. and Hobson, K. “A Laboratory and Statistical Evaluation of Factors Affecting Rutting”. The International Journal of Pavement Engineering, Vol. 4 (1) March 2003, pp. 59-68.
 
[27]  Wang, R., Zhou, F., Chen, D. H., Zheng, G., Scullion, T., and Walubita L. F., “Characterization of Rutting (Permanent Strain) Development of A-2-4 and A-4 Subgrade Soils under the HVS Loading”, Journal of performance of constructed facilities © ASCE, 010.24:pp382-389.
 
[28]  Werkmeister, S., “Permanent Deformation Behaviour of Unbound Granular Materials in Pavement Constructions”, Doctoral Dissertation, Dresden University of Technology, Dresden, 2003.
 
[29]  Wu, Z. and Chen, X. “Prediction of Permanent Deformation of Pavement Base and Subgrade Materials under Accelerated Loading”. International Journal of Pavement Research and Technology, Vol.4 No.4 Jul. 2011, pp. 231-237.
 
[30]  Yeggoni,Joe W Button, Dan G.Dollinger “Influence of Coarse Aggregate Shape and Surface texture on rutting of Hot Mix Asphalt” Research Report Texas Department of Transportation & Texas Transportation Institute, 1994.
 
[31]  MATLAB is a registered trademark of The MathWorks,Inc., USA; info@mathworks.com.