American Journal of Civil Engineering and Architecture
ISSN (Print): 2328-398X ISSN (Online): 2328-3998 Website: http://www.sciepub.com/journal/ajcea Editor-in-chief: Mohammad Arif Kamal
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American Journal of Civil Engineering and Architecture. 2015, 3(2), 45-51
DOI: 10.12691/ajcea-3-2-2
Open AccessArticle

Comprehending Vernacular Architecture in the Architectural Educational System in Iran

MohammadMoein Masrour1, and MohammadJaffar Karbaschi1

1Department of Architecture, Damghan Branch, Islamic Azad University, Damghan, Iran

Pub. Date: April 01, 2015

Cite this paper:
MohammadMoein Masrour and MohammadJaffar Karbaschi. Comprehending Vernacular Architecture in the Architectural Educational System in Iran. American Journal of Civil Engineering and Architecture. 2015; 3(2):45-51. doi: 10.12691/ajcea-3-2-2

Abstract

Architectural studies in Iranian universities are based on models and educational system as well as a good understanding of vernacular architecture. Unfortunately, in spite of its strong and efficient practical background throughout Iran, vernacular architecture has not yet acquired its true position in academic architecture since its scientific and practical aspects have not been sufficiently studied. Correct understanding of vernacular architecture can familiarize students of architecture with the all important global problems, namely, introducing architectural solutions in the design and construction of buildings for the purpose of reducing environmental problems, as well as making clear the role of sustainability factors in presenting new ideas for building. In this article, the reason for, as well as methods, of architectural education based on vernacular architecture was investigated. For this purpose, by focusing special attention on vernacular architectural design as well as educational methods based on traditional and modern principles, the authors presented an educational model for vernacular architecture. Library studies were used to gather the necessary information. The research findings showed that architects and students alike need to acquire an understanding of vernacular architecture with regard to Islamic architecture and historical studies, various practical and workshop designs for spatial elements, performance of vernacular architecture in traditional structure and culture, and fundamental modernistic movement theories of vernacular architecture. The obtained results indicate that correct definitions and proper understanding of performance, description of relevant principles, and reconstruction of traditional architecture technology are essential elements in vernacular architectural education.

Keywords:
vernacular architecture traditional architecture modernistic architecture patterns and models

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