American Journal of Civil Engineering and Architecture
ISSN (Print): 2328-398X ISSN (Online): 2328-3998 Website: http://www.sciepub.com/journal/ajcea Editor-in-chief: Mohammad Arif Kamal
Open Access
Journal Browser
Go
American Journal of Civil Engineering and Architecture. 2013, 1(2), 47-51
DOI: 10.12691/ajcea-1-2-5
Open AccessArticle

Unique Hennebique Bridges in Lublin, Poland

Slawomir Karas,

Pub. Date: April 07, 2013

Cite this paper:
Slawomir Karas. Unique Hennebique Bridges in Lublin, Poland. American Journal of Civil Engineering and Architecture. 2013; 1(2):47-51. doi: 10.12691/ajcea-1-2-5

Abstract

Seeking the origins of the reinforced concrete (RC) technology, one certainly meets the name of François Hennebique. His genius and powerful organisation, known as Le Béton Armé Systéme Hennebique, were crusial for developing RC in theory and practice. And it is bridges that played a significant role in his activity. Nowadays, the city of Lublin, Poland, may pride itself on two bridges in Hennebique technology, the heritage of those great days. The following is a concise account of the successful restoration of one of the two bridges but also a presentation of the other one being in great need of renovation. The bridges mentioned above were constructed by the Polish engineer Marian Lutosławski, who highly deserves being treated as a RC pioneer. The structure of Lublin’s bridges was thoroughly examined in many aspects, especially by applying a FEM analysis, non-destructive methods and a testing compressive strength on the cores taken. The carrying load capacity was estimated in accordance with the Polish standards and Eurocodes. As a result of the restoration there appeared a possibility of formulating a thesis on the concept of the RC beam Hennebique bridges as a modified form of beam wooden ones. The arguments which definitely prove the thesis have been formulated. Both of the bridges mentioned above constitute a significant contribution to the world's RC technical heritage.

Keywords:
historic bridges Hennebique restoration RC

Creative CommonsThis work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. To view a copy of this license, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/

Figures

Figure of 12

References:

[1]  Brocato M., Gulli M., Mazzoli C., The flat arch model in the Church of Saint-Sulpice, IN_BO. Ricerche e progetti per il territorio, la città e l'architettura, 5,2012, p. 290-308.
 
[2]  Brocato M., Gulli M., Mazzoli C., The flat arch model in the Church of Saint-Sulpice, IN_BO. Ricerche e progetti per il territorio, la città e l'architettura, 5,2012, p. 290-308.
 
[3]  Cusac P., Agents of change: Hennebique, Mouchel and ferro-concrete in Britain, 1897-1908, Construction History, Vol. 3, 1987.
 
[4]  Cusac P., Agents of change: Hennebique, Mouchel and ferro-concrete in Britain, 1897-1908, Construction History, Vol. 3, 1987.
 
[5]  Delhumeau G., L'Empire Hennebique, Architecture, Mouvement, Continuité, n° 11, 1990, p. 48-52.
 
[6]  Delhumeau G., L'Empire Hennebique, Architecture, Mouvement, Continuité, n° 11, 1990, p. 48-52.
 
[7]  Emperger F., Handbuch für Eisenbetonbau, Verlag von Wilhelm Ernst & Sohn, Berlin 1911, p. 99.
 
[8]  Emperger F., Handbuch für Eisenbetonbau, Verlag von Wilhelm Ernst & Sohn, Berlin 1911, p. 99.
 
[9]  Karaś S., Gazda L., History and contemporary technical condition of RC bridges made in Hennebique technology in Lublin; Дороги i Мости, випуск 7, UDC 624.21, Kiev, 2007, p. 333-343.
 
[10]  Karaś S., Gazda L., History and contemporary technical condition of RC bridges made in Hennebique technology in Lublin; Дороги i Мости, випуск 7, UDC 624.21, Kiev, 2007, p. 333-343.
 
[11]  Kierdorf A., Why Hennebique Failed in Germany. Strategies and Obstacles in the Introduction of a New Construction Technology, Proc. of The Third International Congress of Construction History, Cotbus, 2009.
 
[12]  Kierdorf A., Why Hennebique Failed in Germany. Strategies and Obstacles in the Introduction of a New Construction Technology, Proc. of The Third International Congress of Construction History, Cotbus, 2009.
 
[13]  McBeth D. G., Francois Hennebique (1842–1921) – Reinforced concrete pioneer, Proceedings of the Institution of Civil Engineers, 1998, 126, 86-95.
 
[14]  McBeth D. G., Francois Hennebique (1842–1921) – Reinforced concrete pioneer, Proceedings of the Institution of Civil Engineers, 1998, 126, 86-95.
 
[15]  Ragot G., The Hennebique archives: Toward a new corpus for contemporary architectural history, American Archivist, Vol. 59, Spring 1996.
 
[16]  Ragot G., The Hennebique archives: Toward a new corpus for contemporary architectural history, American Archivist, Vol. 59, Spring 1996.
 
[17]  Van de Voorde Stephenie, Hennebique’s Journal le Béton Armé. A Close Reading of the Genesis of Concrete Construction in Belgium, Proc. of The Third International Congress of Construction History, Cotbus, 2009.
 
[18]  Van de Voorde Stephenie, Hennebique’s Journal le Béton Armé. A Close Reading of the Genesis of Concrete Construction in Belgium, Proc. of The Third International Congress of Construction History, Cotbus, 2009.
 
[19]  EN 1991-2 Eurocode 1: Actions on structures - Part 2: Traffic loads on bridges; 4.3.5 Load Model 4 (crowd loading).
 
[20]  EN 1991-2 Eurocode 1: Actions on structures - Part 2: Traffic loads on bridges; 4.3.5 Load Model 4 (crowd loading).
 
[21]  EN 1992-1-1 Eurocode 2: Design of concrete structures - Part 1-1: General rules and rules for buildings.
 
[22]  EN 1992-1-1 Eurocode 2: Design of concrete structures - Part 1-1: General rules and rules for buildings.
 
[23]  EN 13791 Assessment of in-situ compressive strength in structures and precast concrete components.
 
[24]  EN 13791 Assessment of in-situ compressive strength in structures and precast concrete components.